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Eureka! (heureka!), Greek
I have found it!

Said to be the exclamation of Archimedes (Greek-Sicilian mathematician , physicist, and inventor, c. 287-212 B.C.) who, while bathing, discovered how to determine the gold content of a crown made for King Hiero II of Syracuse. His discovery of the principle of buoyancy while bathing, helped him in determining the content of the gold and base metal in Hiero's crown. This experiment led to the discovery of the law of specific gravity.

Eureka is the motto of the state of California; based on the theory that gold miners yelled this out when gold was first discoverd there. California was admitted to the Union on September 9, 1850. There is a city in Northern California named Eureka. Incidentally, Ronald Reagan, Governor of California and President of the United States, attended Eureka College—in Eureka, Illinois.

So, since the 16th century, the term has been used as an exulting (joyous) cry of discovery!

This entry is located in the following unit: Latin Proverbs, Mottoes, Phrases, and Words: Group E (page 4)
Names of months and days in Greek.
This entry is located in the following unit: Calendar, Month and Day Names in Different Languages (page 1)
More possibly related word entries
Units related to: “greek
(Greek: prefix; no, absence of, without, lack of; not)
(Greek: irresolution, indecision, loss or defect of the ability to make decisions)
(Greek > Latin: Greek [abussoz], a-, "no" plus bussos, "bottom" through Latin [abyssus], "no bottom, bottomless")
(Greek: used either as a prefix or as a suffix; pointed appendages; spine, spiny; thorn, thorny)
(Greek: mist, dimness, darkness)
(Greek: highest point; prime, best time)
(Greek: remedy, cure)
(Greek: grasshopper, grasshoppers; locust, locusts; cricket, crickets)
(Greek: high, highest, highest point; top, tip end, outermost; extreme; extremity of the body)
(Greek: ray [as of light] or like a ray in form; radiance, radiation; a radiating or tentacled structure)
(Greek: gland or glands, glandular [from “acorn”])
(Greek: stormy wind, whirlwind; from Greek mythology, Aëllo, a harpy; whose name literally means, "Stormswift")
(Greek: air, mist, wind)
(Greek: good)
(Greek: usually a suffix meaning: lead, leading, leading forth, guide, guiding; bring, take; promoting, stimulating)
(Greek: struggle, a contest, to contend for a prize; also, to lead, set in motion, drive, conduct, guide, govern; to do, to act; by extension, pain)
(Greek: assembly, market place; open space, public speaking; originally, "to unite")
(Greek: in medicine, a painful seizure or sudden-acute pain; as, with gout)
(Greek: land, soil, field, fields; earth; wild, as one who lives in the fields; wildness; savage, savageness)
(Greek: wild grass; grass)
(Greek: sleeplessness, wakefulness; originally, it meant "sleeping in the field")
(Greek: street)
(Greek: spear, spear point)
(Greek: beach, seashore; and also a cliff)
(Greek: aitios, causing, to cause, causation)
(Greek: rooster, cock; sometimes, also chicken)
(Greek: true; nothing concealed; real [from a-, "no, nothing" and letho-, "forgetfullness, oblivion"])
(Greek: flour)
(Greek: defend, protect, ward off, keep off)
(Greek: pain)
(Greek: sausage)
(Greek: one another, of one another; literally, "the other"; reciprocally; in mutual relation)
(Greek: different, other, another; divergence; a combining form denoting a condition differing from the normal or a reversal, or referring to "another")
(Greek: different, of or belonging to another; foreign, strange; abnormal; perverse)
(Greek: ; beginning, first of anything; first letter of the Greek alphabet; used in physics and chemistry to designate a variety of series or values)
(Greek: barly, pearl barley, groats; originally, "white grain")
(Greek: forest, woods, a woodland)
(Greek: sand [dust])
(Greek: wagon, vehicle)
(Greek: dull, dullness, dim, dimness, blunt; stupid)
(Greek: food of the gods that gave immortality; immortal, divine, excellent)
(Greek: sand; used primarily in botany and zoology)
(Greek: "bowl", or "lamb")
(Greek: change, alteration; return, exchange)
(Greek: vine)
(Greek: around, about, both, on both sides of, both kinds)
(Greek (amphoreus > Latin (amphora): bottle, jar; a vessel with two handles or ears, a pitcher)
(Greek: scratch, itch)
(Greek: starch)
(Greek: no muscle)
(Greek: up, upward; back, backward, against; again, anew; used as a prefix)
(Greek: ankos: a bend or hollow, an angle; a valley; also a crag)
(Greek: man, men, male, masculine; also, stamen or anther as used in botany)
(Greek: air, wind)
(Greek: messenger, divine messenger)
(Greek: unequal; by extension: unsymmetrical, uneven; dissimilar, unlike)
(Greek: stiff, unmovable; adhesion; by extension, "bent, hooked, crooked, curved, looped")
(Greek: irregular, uneven; abnormal)
(Greek: one part for another)
(Greek: flower, flowers; blossom, blossoms; that which buds or sprouts)
(Greek: coal, charcoal, carbuncle; carbon-dioxide)
(Greek: man, mankind; human beings; including, males (man, men; boy, boys) and females (woman, women; girl, girls); all members of the human race; people, humanity)
(Greek: against, opposed to, preventive; used as a prefix)
(Greek: cave, cavern; in medicine, of or pertaining to a [bodily] cavity or sinus; a term in anatomical nomenclature, especially to designate a cavity or chamber within a bone)
(Greek: lower extremity of the windpipe; by extension, extremity of the heart, the great artery)
(Greek: deceit, fraud; deceitful, deceptive, illusory, wily)
(Greek: boundless, infinite)
(Greek: aphairesis, withdrawal, separation, removal and aphairein, "to take away")
(Greek: foam, froth)
(Greek: from, away from, asunder, separate, separation from, derived from)
(Greek: undress, disrobe; take off, strip, lay bare; shed, molt)
(Greek: spider; the arachnoidea; when used in medicine this Greek element refers to a membrane, veins, or any web-like structure in the body)
(Greek: govern, rule; ruler, chief [first in position])
(Greek: original [first in time], beginning, first cause, origin, ancient, primitive, from the beginning; most basic)
(Greek: of the bear, bear [the animal]; or the north, northern)
(Greek: thin, slight, weak; small space)
(Greek: of, or pertaining to "god of war", Ares or Mars, used primarily in astronomy)
(Greek: silver)
(Greek: best)
(Greek: number)
(Greek: a suffix; little, small)
(Greek: male)
(Greek: joint, pertaining to the joints or connecting bone structures)
(Greek: even, matching; even number)
(Greek: worm; maw-worm; intestinal worm)
(Greek: little bag, bag; bladder, pouch; bladder like, sac like; from leather bag, wine skin)
(Greek: a suffix indicating an enzyme)
(Greek: shield; one who is armed with a shield)
(Greek: star, stars)
(Greek: without strength)
(Greek: anklebone, talus ball of ankle joint; dice, die [the Greeks made these from ankle bones])
(Greek: lightning; the Greek verb strapto means "to hurl")
(Greek: star, stars, star shaped; also pertaining to outer space)
(Greek: disorder, without order)
(Greek: imperfect, incomplete)
(Greek: struggle, a contest [in war or in sports], to contend for a prize; physical activity, rigorous self-discipline or training)
(Greek: groats, meal, porridge; soft, pasty materials)
(Greek: collective)
(Greek: Atlas, atlas; Atlant[os])
(Greek: smoke, vapor, steam; from amis, atmidos, "smoke, vapor")
(Greek: vapor, steam; air, gas; respiration)
(Greek: increase, growth)
(Greek: a flutist, musician)
(Greek: hollow way, tube, pipe; any instrument; such as, a flute)
(Greek: austeros, harsh, rough, bitter > Latin: dry, harsh, sour, tart)
(Greek: self, same, spontaneous; directed from within)
(Greek: without life; nitrogen)
(Greek: indicates the presence of nitrogen in chemistry)
(Greek: rod-shaped micro-organism; used in biomedical terminology)
(Greek: acorn)
(Greek: to immerse or to dip into water)
(Greek: weight, heavy; atmospheric pressure; a combining form meaning "pressure", as in barotaxis, or sometimes "weight", as in baromacrometer)
(Greek: a step or degree; rank; by steps)
(Greek: deep, depth)
(Greek: frog)
(Greek: needle)
(Greek: deep, depth; the fauna and flora of the bottom of the sea; sea bottom; depth [by extension, this element includes lake, river, and stream bottoms])
(Greek: B, β; second letter of the Greek alphabet and the second object in any order of arrangement or classification)
(Greek: book, books)
(Greek: germ, bud; shoot, formative cell or layer; of or pertaining to an embryonic or germinal stage of development)
(Greek: insertion; literally, "something thrown in")
(Greek: mucus; a slippery protective secretion that is produced in the linings of some organs of the body by the mucous membranes and glands)
(Greek: look, see; sight, seeing, vision; a condition of sight or vision)
(Greek: eyelid; of or pertaining to the eyelid[s] or eyelash[es])
(Greek: pit, pitted; ditch; grooved)
(Greek: cluster, cluster of grapes, clusterlike, grapes)
(Greek: cow, ox)
(Greek: turning like oxen in plowing; alternate lines in opposite directions; zig-zag procedure)
(Greek: arm [especially the upper arm from the shoulder to the elbow])
(Greek: short, shortness, small [also expressed as "slow"])
(Greek: slow, slowness; delayed, tardy; a prefix used in the sense of being "abnormally slow")
(Greek: gills)
(Greek: fetus; infant; a combining form denoting relationship to the embryo, fetus, or newborn infant)
(Greek: stench, stink, bad odor; unpleasant bodily odor; bromine)
(Greek: windpipe or one of the two large branches of the trachea, the tube in air-breathing vertebrates that conducts air from the throat to the bronchi, strengthened by incomplete rings of cartilage)
(Greek: thunder)
(Greek: grinding or gnashing the teeth; rubbing the teeth together)
(Greek: to eat nosily or greedily; to eat with much noise, to tear or rip into pieces)
(Greek: moss; blossom; also to swell, teem; young one; to be full, swell, bloom, cause to burst forth)
(Greek: beer)
(Greek: rural, rustic, pastoral)
(Greek: will)
(Greek: flax)
(Greek: bad, harsh, wrong, evil; incorrect; unpleasant; poor; used most of the time as a prefix)
(Latin: the wand of a herald, herald's staff; specifically, the wand of Hermes [Greek] and Mercury [Latin])
(Month and Day Names)
(Greek: shell; husk; cup [of a flower], used primarily in the specialized senses of "pertaining to or of a cup-shaped bodily organ or cavity"; also a reference to the "cup-shaped ring of sepals encasing a flower bud")
(Greek: covered, cover; hide, hidden; conceal, concealed)
(Greek: kamptos, bent)
(Greek: crooked, bent)
(Greek: hemp; of or pertaining to hemp's chemical components or derivatives.)
(Greek: smoke; vapor; sooty [extended meaning is carbon dioxide])
(Greek: cancer ["crab"])
(Greek: heart, pertaining to the heart)
(Greek: karos, deep sleep, drowsiness; the great arteries of the neck)
(Greek: karphos, straw, dry stock, bit, or scrap; from karphein, to wither, to wrinkle, to dry)
(Greek: fruit [or similar reproductive result]; to cut, to pluck)
(Greek: wrist [literally, "that which turns"])
(Greek: katta to Late Latin: cattus)
(Greek: down, downward; under, lower; against; entirely, in accordance with, completely; definitely)
(Greek: to purge, to purify, or to cleanse; purification; cleansing)
(Greek: mirror; from kat-[a], "against, back" plus op-[tos], "seen" plus the noun-forming suffix -tron)
(Greek: fire, burn, burnt, burner; from kaustikos, "capable of burning" or "burning" and kaukstos, "combustible" and from kaiein, "to burn")
(Greek: a suffix; hernia, swelling)
(Greek: hollow; abdomen; hernia; used primarily in the sense of concave; pertaining to a bodily cavity)
(Greek: tumor, hernia)
(Greek: a suffix; new, denotes certain "recent" eons when naming geological periods)
(Greek: empty; removal [medical discharge or evacuation])
(Greek: perforation, puncture, or tapping, as with an aspirator or needle)
(Greek: horn, horny tissue; cornea)
(Greek: thunderbolt, thunder, lightning [literally, "smasher, crusher"])
(Greek: tail)
(Greek: wax, waxy)
(Greek: [from keros, beeswax, wax] formed of wax)
(Greek: a whale, or whales and other whale-like creatures)
(Greek: spine, bristle; long, flowing hair])
(Greek: copper; brass)
(Greek: gravel, pebbles, rubble)
(Greek: on the ground, low; by extension, "dwarf-like")
(Latin: character; Greek: kharakter; originally, "a distinctive mark, a sign, or impression"; then it came to mean "an aggregate of distinctive qualities")
(Greek: grace, beauty, kindness; to rejoice at; extended to attractiveness, personal charm)
(Greek: joy, delight, gladness)
(Greek: lip, lips; edge or brim)
(Greek: kheima, winter, frost, winter weather, winter-flowing; by extension, cold, freezing)
(Greek: hand; pertaining to the hand or hands)
(Greek: claw, pincer, hoof, talon)
(Greek: chemical element; antimonos, opposed to solitude; symbol Sb is from Latin stibium [powdered antimony]; some say antimony means, “a metal seldom found alone”; metal)
(Greek: argus, neutral, inactive, idle, inert; gas)
(Greek: bromos, a stench; because of the odor [stench] from its vapors; liquid nonmetal)
(Greek: chloros, grass-green; a reference to the color of the gas which tends to be greenish-yellow; gas)
(Greek: hydor, "water", plus gen, "born", "forming"; gas)
(Greek: iodes, "violet"; from the color of its vapor; nonmetal)
(Greek: kryptos, "hidden"; gas)
(Greek: neo, "new" or the "new one"; gas)
(Greek: oxys, "sharp", plus gen, "forming"; from the incorrect belief that oxygen forms acids; gas)
(Greek: phosphoros, "light bringer", "morning star"; glows brightly because of rapid oxidation; nonmetal)
(Greek: prasios, "green", plus didymos, "twin" [with the element neodymium] because of a green line in its spectrum; rare earth)
(Greek: twenty-second letter of the Greek alphabet; Χ, χ)
(Greek: crossed, laid crosswise)
(Greek: thousand, thousands; thousandth, thousandths,)
(Greek: khimaira, fabled monster; unreal, fantastic, imaginary, fanciful, unrealistic; however, in medical and other scientific fields, characterized by two or more genetically distinct cell types in one organism)
(Greek: snow, like snow)
(Greek: Cheiron > Latin, Chiron; a centaur famous for his knowledge of plants)
(Greek: bat, bats; flying mammals with wings: cheir, "hand" + pteron, "wing")
(Greek: tunic, covering; a reference to the chemical constituent of crab and lobster shells)
(Greek: cloak, mantle; envelope)
(Greek: debris, mud, dirt)
(Greek: Chloris, goddess; the color green, yellow-green, or light green)
(Greek: funnel; a combining form denoting a relationship to a funnel or to a funnel-like structure)
(Greek: bile, gall plus angio-, vessel)
(Greek: choledochos, from chole, "bile" + dechomai, "to receive"; the common bile duct or tube; conveying bile; containing bile, which is a yellow-green fluid that is made by the liver, stored in the gallbladder, and passes through the common bile duct into the first section of the small intestine or duodenum where it helps to digest fat)
(Greek: disease in which the bodily humors [biles] are subject to violent discharge; characterized by severe vomiting and diarrhea)
(Greek: bile, gall)
(Greek: groat, grain, any small rounded mass; cartilage, gristle, granule, or a relationship to cartilage)
(Greek: khorde, "gut string" [of a lyre]; used in an extended sense to mean "sinew, flexible rod-shaped organ, string, cord"; Latin: chorda, "related notes in music, string of a musical instrument, cat-gut" via Old French, corde, "rope, string, twist, cord")
(Greek: a suffix: to spread, to disperse; to move, to go; to withdraw, to advance; a means or agency for distribution)
(Greek: dance; involuntary movements; spasm; in medicine, it is used to reveal a nervous disorder either of organic origin or from an infection)
(Greek: skin, membrane, leather; protective fetal membrane)
(Greek: place, space, land; country, district)
(Greek: acquisition of wealth by making money; transacting business to gain wealth; efforts made to possess goods and money; striving to be rich)
(Greek: time, times; sequence of times)
(Greek: the color gold, golden, golden yellow)
(Greek: earth, of the earth, soil, dirt)
(Greek: Lord's house)
(Greek (khylos) > Latin (chylus): juice, to pour; pertaining to chyle, the milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fat that is a product of the digestive process)
(Greek: juice, liquid; the semifluid material resulting from the partial digestion of food)
(Greek: uvula; the small piece of soft tissue that can be seen dangling down from the soft palate over the back of the tongue)
(Greek: break, break in pieces; broken, broken in pieces, crush; bend)
(Greek: key; a means of locking or a thing that locks [or unlocks] a door; a key, bar, or hook; a combining form that denotes the clavicle or collarbone)
(Greek: bar for closing a door; to shut, to close)
(Greek: lot, allotment, inheritance)
(Greek: inclination, slope; the [supposed] slope of the earth from the equator towards the poles; hence, the latitudinal zone of the earth and prevailing weather in a given zone)
(Greek: bed; slope, slant; to lean, leaning; an ecological term; in the sense of a slope or gradient)
(Greek: twig; later, in modern usage: repetition, carbon copy, same)
(Greek: to wash; washing)
(Greek: the part of the leg between the knee and the ankle)
(Greek: scratch, tickle, itch, sting)
(Greek: nettle; a relationship to a nettle or nettle-like structure; nettle rash)
(Greek: bacteria; literally, a "berry, kernel")
(Greek: cuckoo; the end of the vertebral column in man and in some apes; the rudiment of a tail)
(Greek: spiral shell, snail with a spiral shell; pertaining to the cochlea, the spiral tube in the inner ear)
(Greek: koimeterion, sleeping-room, burial-place; grave, grave yard; final resting place)
(Greek: glue)
(Greek: glue; used in the sense of "pertaining to a colloid, a gelatinous [gluelike] substance in which particle matter is suspended")
(Greek: kolo- > Latin: colo-, colon or large intestine [that part which extends from the cecum to the rectum])
(Greek: womb, fold; vagina; from "bosom, lap, hollow")
(Greek: from Modern Latin which came from Greek koma, komatos, "deep sleep")
(Greek: knuckle, knuckle-like knob, knob)
(Greek: feces, dung, excrement; filth, dirt)
(Greek: crowlike; used in the specialized sense of "pertaining to, or connected to the coracoid, the bony process that forms part of the scapular arch [and is so named because its shape resembles that of a crow's beak"])
(Greek: pupil of the eye; kore, literally, "girl" to mean both "doll" and "pupil of the eye")
(Greek: korizesthai, "to caress"; via Late Latin: corisma)
(Greek: kosmos to cosmos; "world, universe"; from its "perfect order and arrangement"; to order, to arrange, to adorn; well-ordered, regular, arranged; skilled in adornment, which came into English as cosmetic.)
(Greek: cup, any cup-shaped hollow; a seed leaf)
(Greek: a suffix; to govern, to rule; government, strength, power, might, authority)
(Greek: to hang, hang up; hung, hung up; suspend, suspended, suspender)
(Greek: well head, spring, fountain, mineral spring)
(Greek: ring; used in the extended sense of pertaining to the [ring-shaped] cartilage that forms the back and lower part of the laryngeal cavity)
(Greek: to secrete, to come out; such as, a certain gland or glands)
(Greek: ram)
(Greek: to separate; a separating, putting apart; a decision, decide; to judge)
(Greek: pulse beat)
(Greek: cold, frost, chill; freezing)
(Greek: cold, very cold, freezing; used to describe the effects of low temperatures or activities carried on at a very low temperature)
(Greek: hidden, secret, secrets, secret writing; by extension, applied to secret code or ciphers)
(Greek: crystal, ice, freeze, congeal, frost; icelike, transparent; [especially in reference to a mineral or glass])
(Greek: comb, rake; comblike, comb-shaped)
(Greek: the color blue, dark blue)
(Greek: cup, a goblet, a cup for measuring, or drawing wine out of a bowl)
(Greek: steersman, pilot, helmsman; to steer, guide, govern, governor; computer-mediated electronic communications)
(Greek: around, round, circle, circular)
(Greek: to be pregnant; pregnancy)
(Greek: wave; sprout)
(Greek: dog; like a dog)
(Greek: embryo, fetus; pertaining to pregnancy or to a fetus)
(Greek: Kypris, a name for Venus or Aphrodite; a lewd or licentious woman)
(Greek: bent, curved)
(Greek: sac or bladder which contains fluid [or gas, as in pneumatocyst]; urinary bladder)
(Greek: Kytheria; another name for Venus or Aphrodite)
(Greek: cells, cell, hollow; used primarily in the extended sense of "animal or plant cells" [because cells were originally thought to be hollow])
(Greek: tear, tears; as from a tear-gland or the tear-glands in the eyes)
(Greek: thick, shaggy, hairy, dense)
(Greek: ten; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: dinner; dining)
(Greek: to harm, to hurt, to injure, to damage, to destroy; destroyer; harmful)
(Greek: visible, clear, clearly seen; obvious)
(Greek: writing-tablet)
(Greek: triangular; fourth letter; Δ, δ, of the Greek alphabet)
(Greek: devil, demon [evil spirit]; an intermediary spirit between gods and men which could be good or evil)
(Greek: duty, that which is binding; obligation; necessity)
(Greek: neck)
(Greek: to bind, binding, fusing; surgical fixation)
(Greek: band, bond; ligament)
(Greek: two; second [in a series])
(Greek: number two; twice, divided, double; unalike; a number used as a prefix)
(Greek: through, thoroughly; across; entirely, utterly)
(Greek: devil, demon [literally, "to throw across;" then, "to attack, to slander"])
(Greek: net, netlike)
(Greek: didaktikos, skilled at teaching, teach; teacher)
(Greek: twin; testicle)
(Greek: a judge; right, order, law, manner; justice)
(Greek: fearful, frightful; terrible, powerful)
(Greek: double; two-fold)
(Greek: thirst, thirsty [toward "drink"])
(Greek: twelve)
(Greek: long; used in extended senses as, "abnormally long"; narrow)
(Greek: slave, servile, slavish; servitude; serving)
(Greek: believe, belief; that which is thought to be true by someone who has the power or right to give orders, make decisions, and to enforce his or her opinions, doctrines, praise, or beliefs)
(Greek: sickle)
(Greek: running, course; race, racecourse)
(Greek: dew)
(Greek: oak tree; by extension, "tree")
(Greek: power, strength, force, mightiness)
(Greek: bad, harsh, wrong; ill; hard to do, difficult at; slow of; disordered; impaired, defective)
(Greek: called out; church)
(Greek: away from home)
(Greek: viper)
(Greek: spiny, prickly; sea urchin; hedgehog; [spiny] seed husk)
(Greek: sound, noise; especially a returned sound; repetition, imitation)
(Greek: house, household affairs [environment, habitat], home, dwelling; used in one extensive sense as, "environment")
(Greek: dilatation, dilation, expansion, extension, or distension of an organ)
(Greek: ektasis; dilated, expanded, distended, extension +)
(Greek: outside, external, beyond)
(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)
(Greek: abortion, untimely birth; primarily used to mean "congenital absence" or "defect" of a part which is normally present)
(Greek: soil)
(Greek: swell, swelling)
(Greek: image, figure, form, shape; literally, "that which is seen")
(Greek: an entry)
(Greek: mirror)
(Greek: to drive, strike, beat out; general application is "beaten metal, metal plate")
(Greek: oil, olive oil)
(Greek: free, freedom)
(Greek: vomit; barf; puke; regurgitate, "throw up")
(Greek: a suffix; blood, usually a diseased condition of the blood)
(Greek: in, into, inward; within; near, at; to put, to go into, or to cover with; as, entomb, encamp, enfold; to provide with; as, to enlighten; to cause to be; as, to enlarge; thoroughly; as, enmesh; in, within, into; as enzootic)
(Greek: opposite, opposing, over against; [en- + anti])
(Greek: brain; that which is inside the head)
(Greek: within, inside, into, in, on, inner)
(Greek: nine)
(Greek: mirror; visible in [a thing]; seen in [something])
(Greek: intestine, gut)
(Greek: within, inside, inner; used as a prefix [used in many words related to anatomy and biology])
(Greek: insect, bug; literally, "cut up, cut in pieces"; an insect because it appears to be segmented)
(Greek: dawn [east], daybreak; early; primarily used to signify, "early, primeval")
(Greek: daybreak, dawn, red of the dawn sky; primarily used in naming chemical compounds, especially pertaining to red stain or dye)
(Greek: again; occurring in some rhetorical terms)
(Greek: land; mainland; continent)
(Greek: above, over, on, upon; besides; in addition to; toward; among)
(Greek: denotes the vulva or region of the pubes)
(Greek: knowledge, know; understand; believe)
(Greek: the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet; Ε, ε)
(Greek: lonely, solitary; hermit; desert)
(Greek: work)
(Greek: the color red, ruddy; blushing)
(Greek: last, furthest, remotest, outermost)
(Greek: inward, into; within)
(Greek: gullet, throat [passage from the mouth to the stomach], that which carries food; the path along which food travels from the mouth to the stomach)
(Greek: the seventh letter of the Greek alphabet; Η, η)
(Greek: strainer, sieve)
(Greek: people, race, tribe, nation; group of people living together; community, family)
(Greek: custom, habit; character, manners; usage)
(Greek: upper air, purer air [alcohol and sufuric acid]; in scientific terminology, "volatile, clean-smelling, euphoria-producing liquid composed of alcohol and sufuric acid")
(Greek: -etikos, an adjective suffix meaning "pertaining to, of the nature of" for nouns ending in -esis)
(Greek: cause, causation, originating; that which causes or originates something)
(Greek: truth, true meaning, real [the root meaning, true meaning or literal meaning of a word])
(Greek: good, well, normal; happy, pleasing; used as a prefix)
(Greek: "I have found!" or making discoveries)
(Greek: wide, broad)
(Greek: out of, out, outside; away from; used as a prefix)
(Greek: from hexa-, "six"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: outer, outside, external; used as a prefix)
(Greek: phorbe, fodder, from pherbein, to graze; by extension: fodder, food; any herb other than grass, a broadleaf herb; a weed)
(Greek: from gamet[e], "wife" and gamet[es], "husband" [from gamein, "to marry"]; used chiefly as "pertaining to a gamete, a mature reproductive cell")
(Greek: Γ, γ; the third letter of the Greek alphabet; corresponding to g, as in go and as a numeral, it indicates 3)
(Greek: marriage, union; wedding; pertaining to sexual union)
(Greek: an eating, or gnawing, sore ending in mortification, necrosis, or the death of bodily tissue; usually the result of ischemia or the loss of blood supply to the affected area, bacterial invasion, and subsequent putrefaction)
(Greek: laugh, laughter, laughing)
(Greek: chin, jaw, cheek)
(Greek: genein, "to produce"; all the genetic information possessed by any organism)
(Greek: earth, land, soil; world; Gaia (Greek), Gaea (Latin), "earth goddess")
(Greek: bridge)
(Greek: old age, old man, old people; elder, elderly; senior citizen)
(Greek: "giant"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: giant; giantlike; very large, big, huge)
(Greek: glue; in medicine, the network of supporting tissue and fibers that nourishes nerve cells within the brain and spinal cord)
(Greek: tongue; language, speech)
(Greek: tongue; by extension, "speech, language")
(Greek: sweet, sweetness)
(Greek: buttock, butt, rump; muscles of the buttocks; sometimes, it means "round")
(Greek: sweet; used in the specialized sense of "sweet, syrupy liquid")
(Greek: sweet, sugar)
(Greek: carve, carving, engraving; to hollow out; by extension, a form of writing)
(Greek: corner, bend, angle)
(Greek > Latin: generation, genesis, origination; creation [Greek: gonos, -gonia > Latin: -gonia, "that which is begotten, offspring"])
(Greek: knee)
(Greek: write, writing, something written, a written record, a recording; letters; words; later, a small weight, a unit of mass in the metric system)
(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)
(Greek: unclothed, bare, unclad, disrobed, undressed; naked, nude)
(Greek: turning, spinning, whirling, bend, circular motion; originally, "circle, curved, ring")
(Greek: the lower world [originally, invisible, to make invisible])
(Greek: sacred, holy; religious)
(Greek: something that is wrong; sin, evil behavior; wickedness in living; misconduct; that part of theology that deals with sin or immoral deeds)
(Greek: simple, simply; single, one, once)
(Greek: touch, touching, fasten, contact, seizure; binding, attaching)
(Greek: seventh)
(Greek: youth, pubescence, puberty [the period during which the secondary characteristics of maturity begin to develop; by extension, a young man])
(Greek: a hundred; many; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: pleasure, joy, and being happy)
(Greek: ulcer, sore)
(Greek: spiral, coil; twisted, bent; spiral-shaped; a coil; by extension, "snail")
(Greek: sun)
(Greek: marsh, marshland)
(Greek: nail, stud, wart, corn)
(Greek: day)
(Greek: half)
(Greek: "blood " plus Latin: "sphere, ball"; oxygen-carrying protein of the red corpuscles)
(Greek: eleven)
(Greek: one; used as a prefix)
(Greek: seven; normally used as a prefix)
(Greek: Hermes, the son of Zeus and Maia, the god of commerce and messenger of the gods in Greek mythology; identified by the Romans as Mercury; however, some of the words in this unit come from Hermes tris megistos, Hermes Trismegistus, literally, "Hermes, Thrice the Greatest" referring to the Egyptian god Thoth, who was identified with the Greek god Hermes, of science and arts)
(Greek: creeping thing, reptile; snake)
(Greek: different, other, another, unlike; irregular, abnormal)
(Greek: six; a number used as a prefix)
(Greek: sweat, sweating, perspire, perspiration; sweat gland)
(Greek: sacred, holy; religious)
(Greek: horse)
(Greek: web, cloth, tissue)
(Greek: tissue [web]; beam or warp of a loom; hence, that which is woven; a web or tissue; used in the sense of pertaining to [body] tissue)
(Greek: way, a going, a traveling; road, path)
(Greek: whole, entire, complete)
(Greek: even, level, smooth; used in the sense of "flat" or "plane")
(Greek: same, like, resembling, sharing in common, similar, equal)
(Greek: sermon; meeting, assembly)
(Greek: same, equal, like, similar, common; one and the same)
(Greek: from ancient Greek hormáein [hormein], "to set in motion, impel, urge on")
(Greek: to rouse or to set in motion)
(Greek: wanton violence, riotousness, insolence; outrage; arrogance)
(Greek: glass, glassy; transparent; pertaining to the vitreous humor or surrounding membrane)
(Greek: water)
(Greek: pig; swine)
(Greek: rain, rain fall; heavy shower)
(Greek: health, healthy, healthful, wholesome, sound [in body])
(Greek: moist, moisture, wet, damp)
(Greek: wood, forest, substance, matter; material, materialism)
(Greek: membrane, skin; virginal membrane; hymen originally denoted any membrane)
(Greek: denoting u-shaped [upsilon-shaped]; hyoid bone, literally, "mere" or "simple" y, ypsilon)
(Greek: liable, accountable, responsible)
(Greek: above, over; excessive; more than normal; abnormal excess [in medicine]; abnormally great or powerful sensation [in physical or pathological terms]; highest [in chemical compounds])
(Greek: sleep)
(Greek: under, below, beneath; less than; too little; deficient, diminished; used as a prefix)
(Greek: high, highest, height; on high)
(Greek: shortcoming, deficiency; to be behind, to come late, to lag; later)
(Greek: the womb or uterus; hysteria)
(Greek: a suffix; pertaining to; of the nature of, like; in chemistry, it denotes a higher valence of the element than is expressed by -ous)
(Greek: track, trace, footprint; pertaining to fossil footprints)
(Greek: fluid [distinct from blood] that flows through the veins of the gods; by extension, "watery part of blood or milk," used in the sense of "thin, serous or sanious fluid, especially from a wound or sore")
(Greek: a suffix; meaning, specialist in, practitioner of)
(Greek: image, likeness; form of a person or object; a sacred, holy, or religious representaion)
(Greek: the number twenty; used as a prefix)
(Greek: a suffix that forms nouns and is usually used to form names of arts and sciences)
(Greek: jaundice)
(Greek: a suffix used to form the names of families in zoology and biology; descended from, related to)
(Greek: idea, form, appearance; class, species, model; general principle)
(Greek: peculiar, one's own, personal, private; of or pertaining to one's self, distinct, separate, alone)
(Greek: smaller or lesser; little)
(Greek: force, strength; seat of strength; muscle, sinew; fibrous vessel in a muscle)
(Greek: 1. Io, daughter of the river god, Inachus. 2. An arrow; poison, rust)
(Greek: ion, "going"; neuter present participle of ienai, "to go"; because an ion moves toward the electrode of an opposite charge)
(Greek: the ninth letter of the Greek alphabet)
(Greek: iris [relating to the eye]; the rainbow; colored circle, colored portion of the eye [originally, "something bent or curved"])
(Greek: hip, hip-joint, hip-bone; haunch)
(Greek: check, stop, keep back, suppress; suppression)
(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)
(Greek: equal; by extension: same, similar, alike; normally used as a prefix)
(Greek: termites)
(Greek: narrow passage or ridge; narrow passage or strip [especially of bodily tissue] connecting two larger entities)
(Greek: a suffix; one connected with, inhabitant of; also used to show chemicals, minerals, etc.)
(Greek: straight)
(Greek: a suffix; inflammation, burning sensation; by extension, disease associated with inflammation)
(Greek: a suffix; scientific names; names of metallic elements; a part, lining, or enveloping tissue, region; little; representing a diminutive force)
(Greek: the tenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Κ, κ)
(Greek: nut, walnut; kernel; cell, cell nucleus)
(Greek: to sit; sitting)
(Greek: down, downwards, below, underneath)
(Greek: worry, anxiety, care, grief, trouble, to be concerned for; protector, guardian, most worthy of care)
(Greek: containing, or derived from keratin, a highly insoluble scleroprotein that is the main constituent of horny tissues, the nails, and the organic matrix of tooth enamel; derived from Greek kera[s], kerat[os], "horn")
(Greek: one thousand; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements and representing 103 or 1 000)
(Greek: hinder, inhibiting, to cut short, stop)
(Greek: weariness, fatigue, exhaustion)
(Greek: wave, sprout; swollen)
(Greek: bent; humped, humpbacked)
(Greek: vegetable, of vegetables)
(Greek: speech, babbling, chattering; abnormal or disordered forms of speech)
(Greek: the eleventh letter of the Greek alphabet; Λ, λ)
(Greek: bright, clear)
(Greek: the soft part of the body between the ribs and the hip, flank, loin; denotes the flank or loins and the abdominal wall or a part of the abdomen)
(Greek: fat > Latin: lardum bacon)
(Greek: a drain, passage; sewer)
(Greek: yolk of an egg; a reference to the ovum)
(Greek: smooth)
(Greek: sheath, husk)
(Greek: moths, butterflies; a combination of lepido-, "flake" or "scale" and ptero, "wing")
(Greek: a suffix; a violent attack, a seizing)
(Greek: thin, small, fine, delicate, mild; from "peeled, husked"; used primarily in the sense of "abnormally thin, narrow, slender, or delicate")
(Greek: leukos, white; the primary meaning now is the color "white"; but it also includes the meanings of "light, clear, bright")
(Greek: word or words, vocabulary; a saying, a phrase; speaking, speech)
(Greek: lake, marshy lake, pool, marsh)
(Greek: hunger, appetite)
(Greek, elleipsis, elleipo, elleipein; Latin, ellipsis: abandon, to leave [behind]; fail; lack, lacking; be wanting)
(Greek: smooth, polished)
(Greek: stone, rock; hard consolidated mineral matter; hard matter formed from mineral and earth material; hard substance that is solid)
(Greek: childbirth; vaginal discharge following childbirth)
(Greek: thicket, bush)
(Greek: talk, speak; speech; word; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with topics or subjects)
(Greek: ridge; crest, tuft; by extension, hill top)
(Greek: bath, bathing)
(Greek: slanting, oblique)
(Greek: wolf, wolves)
(Greek: shadow, shadowy; shade, darkness; twilight; gloomy)
(Greek: water, yellowish fluid; connected with, or containing, lymph, a transparent fluid that is derived from body tissue and conveyed to the bloodstream by the lymphatic vessels)
(Greek: grief; melancholia)
(Greek: lyein [LYOO ayn], "to loosen"; loosening, dissolving, dissolution)
(Greek: madness, fury, rage, frenzy; relationship to rabies)
(Greek: large, great; long [in extent or duration]; enlarged, or elongated, long [in length]; abnormally large)
(Greek: Magnesian [stone]; Magnesia having been a mineral-rich region of Thessaly)
(Greek: pertaining to midwifery; obstetric; serving to elicit ideas [said of the Socratic method of teaching])
(Greek: soft, softness; abnormal softening, soft-bodied)
(Greek: used as a suffix; divination, prophecy, fortune telling; to interpret signs so “practical” decisions can be made [related to -mania])
(Greek: a specific mental disorder or obsessive preoccupation with something; madness, frenzy; obsession, or abnormal desire for or with something or someone; also, an excessive enthusiasm or fondness for something that is not safe or advantageous)
(Greek: sparse, thin, rare; slack, loose; by extension, "gas, vapor")
(Greek: derived from an ancient villiage in Greece, northeast of Athens; as a result of an important Greek victory over the Persians in 490 B.C.)
(Mars [Greek: Ares], Roman god of war; fourth planet from the sun)
(Greek: pouch, purse)
(Greek: (martus, martur-); Late Greek: (martur); Late Ecclesiastical Latin (martyr), Old English (martyr), Middle English (martir); witness)
(Greek: armpit)
(Latin: to chew; Greek: to gnash, grind, or rub the upper and lower teeth together)
(Greek: whip, flog, scourge)
(Greek: breast; the front of the human chest and either of two soft rounded organs on each side of the chest in women and men; however, with women the organs are more prominent and produce milk after childbirth; also, a milk-producing gland in mammals that corresponds to the human breast)
(Greek: breast; used in the specialized sense as "of or pertaining to the breast-shaped mastoid process of the temporal bone)
(Greek: breast)
(Greek: winding; from a winding river; by extension, curving, walking around slowly, drifting, wandering, roaming, going around aimlessly)
(Greek: large, great, big, powerful)
(Greek: large, big, very big)
(Greek: the color black; dark)
(Greek: honeybee, honeybees; bee, bees)
(Greek: apple; by extension, "cheek")
(Greek: melos, limb, body extremity or member; a condition of the limbs or extremities of a body; such as, arms, hands, fingers, legs, feet, toes, etc.)
(Greek: membranes enveloping the brain and spinal cord)
(Greek: month; moon; menses (plural), mensis (singular), "month")
(Greek: part, partial, referring to parts; segment; incomplete)
(Greek: cord, line, string)
(Greek: middle, intermediate; close to a center line; between)
(Greek: after, behind, beyond; changed in form, altered; higher [used to designate a higher degree of a branch of science])
(Greek: mineral, metal)
(Greek: upraised, high up; in the air; anything raised from the ground, high, lofty; hovering in the air; hence, "heavenly body, atmospheric phenomenon")
(Greek: a combining form occurring in the names of chemical compounds in which the methyl group is present; alcohol, wine)
(Greek: forehead)
(Greek: mother [family member])
(Greek: uterus, womb)
(Greek: pollution, stain, contamination; to pollute, to defile, to corrupt)
(Greek: small, tiny; also, a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: mix, mixed; thrown together, blended)
(Greek: represent, impersonate, copy; imitate, act as; simulate, simulation)
(Greek: smaller, less, fewer)
(Greek: hate, hater, hatred; disgust for; revulsion of; contempt for; abhorrence of)
(Greek: thread)
(Greek: memory, to remember; recollection of something or someone; awareness, consciousness of the present and the past)
(Greek: with difficulty, difficult; with toil and pain)
(Greek: one, alone, single; a number used as a prefix)
(Greek: a feeble minded person; foolish; dull)
(Greek: the twelfth letter of the Greek alphabet; Μ, μ)
(Greek: goddesses of fine arts; including, Calliope, Clio, Erato, Urania, Euterpe, Polyhymnia, Thalia, Melpomene, and Terpsichore)
(Greek: mousike [techne] > Latin: musica, music; originally an art of the Muses)
(Greek: mouse, mice)
(Greek: mucus; a protective secretion from the mucous membranes in the nose, throat, and lungs; a thick fluid produced by the linings of some tissues of the body and is secreted as a protective lubricant coating by cells and glands of the mucous membranes)
(Greek: lipoid substance (containing or resembling fat) sheathing certain nerve fibers; lipoid substance found in body tissue)
(Greek: bone marrow; the spinal cord and medulla oblongata; the myelin sheath of nerve fibers)
(Greek: a fly)
(Greek: muscle; said to be from a Greek word meaning "mouse")
(Greek: ten thousand; very numerous, countless)
(Greek [Murmidones] > Latin: [Myrmidones, Myrmidons])
(Greek: unguent, perfume)
(Greek: uncleanness of body or mind; filth; defilement; anything disgusting)
(Greek: slime, mucus; used often in biomedical nomenclature)
(Greek: spring water, fountain)
(Greek: dwarf, dwarfish; pygmy; "little old man;" very small or tiny; also, a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: numbness, dullness; sleep, stupor, torpor; benumb, deaden)
(Greek: nastos, pressed close, crammed full; firm, solid)
(Greek: ship; sailor; navigation)
(Greek: new, recent, current, young)
(Greek: dead, death, dead body; dead tissue or cells; corpse)
(Greek: swimming)
(Greek: thread, that which is spun; pertaining to a thread-like structure used in many scientific terms)
(Greek: wooded pasture, glade; grove; woods, forest)
(Greek: soberness, sober; drink no wine)
(Greek: cloud, clouds, cloudiness)
(Greek: nephros; kidney, kidneys)
(Greek: infant)
(Greek: island)
(Greek: nerve, nerve fiber, tendon, sinew, cord; nerve cell, nerve cells)
(Greek: goddess of victory in Greek mythology; literally, victory)
(Greek: snow, snowy, wintry)
(Greek: a meadow; a pasture; an abode; a place for eating; by extension, "distribution of an acute, necrotizing ulcerative process involving mucous membranes of the mouth or genitalia")
(Greek, nomas, nomados, "pasturing, roaming about for pasture" > Latin , nomas, nomdis: wander, moving around for pasture or grazing for herds or flocks)
(Greek: law, order, arrangement, systematized knowledge of [something]; usage)
(Greek: mind, thought; intellect)
(Greek: hospital, infirmary; place for the treatment of diseases)
(Greek: return home)
(Greek: noteros, moist, moisture, damp, dampness, wet)
(Greek: the back)
(Greek: mind, intellect; the reason; common sense)
(Greek: the thirteenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Ν, ν)
(Greek: night; a relationship to darkness, dark)
(Greek: young bride; woman of marriageable age)
(Greek: mob [people])
(Greek: the color yellow; pale, wan, or sallow)
(Greek: any elevation, bank, hill, mound)
(Greek: wine, fermented grape juice)
(Greek: a strong desire, orgasm; the sting of a gadfly, anything that drives one mad)
(Greek: a suffix; like, resembling, similar to, form)
(Greek: house, dwelling, home)
(Greek: worship; excessively, fanatically devoted to someone or something; “service paid to the gods”)
(Greek: prefix; scanty, little, meager, tiny, infrequent; abnormally few or small)
(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)
(Greek: tumor, morbid growth; to swell, bulge; mass, group)
(Greek: rain, rainstorm; showers of rain; aqueous vapor in the atmosphere; precipitation or falling down from the sky of a form of water; such as, rain, snow, hail, sleet, or mist)
(Greek: the 24th and last letter of the Greek alphabet; Ω, ω; the ending, the last of anything)
(Greek: the fifteenth letter of the Greek alphabet)
(Greek: said to be a stem for "all, every, whole", or "complete"; that is, a field of study in biology that refers to the whole set of omics including their -omics and -ome subfields in order to understand life as a holistic existence and organic beings as a whole)
(Greek: eye)
(Greek: raw, unripe)
(Greek: navel, umbilicus; pertaining to the navel or to the umbilicus)
(Greek: "mass, bulk"; denotes relationship to a tumor, process of cancer formation; swelling, or mass)
(Greek: sell, for sale; by extension, buy, purchase, pay for, invest money into)
(Greek: a being, individual; being, existence)
(Greek: claw, nail; fingernails, toenails)
(Greek: egg or eggs; used in an extended sense as the ovum)
(Greek: ovary, egg [literally, "egg-carrier"; extended to mean ovary])
(Greek: snake, snakelike, serpent)
(Greek: backward; behind, at the back, after, posterior)
(Greek: juice)
(Greek: late, later)
(Greek: boiled meat; to buy food; to purchase provisions; shopping)
(Greek: used as a suffix; view; sight; see, that which is seen)
(Greek: dance, pertaining to dancing)
(Greek: appetite [hunger]; to stretch out for; to desire)
(Greek: open woodland, meadow, field)
(Greek: an organized structure; pertaining to a specific bodily part with a specific function or set of functions; instrument, tool, implement)
(Greek: whey, serum)
(Greek: used as a suffix; rupture of an organ or vessel; a breaking forth, bursting)
(Greek: right, straight, correct, true; designed to correct)
(Greek: fossil, mineral; dug, dig; literally "thing dug")
(Greek: scrotum; a combining form denoting relationship to the scrotum or the pouch of skin which contains the testes, epididymides, and lower portions of the spermatic cords)
(Greek: impulse, thrust, push, impel)
(Greek: to smell; pertaining to odor or to the sense of smell)
(Greek: loin)
(Greek: bone)
(Greek: oyster; creatures having or characterized by a type of hard shell)
(Greek: a suffix that means: state or condition of; diseased condition of)
(Greek: ear; relationship to the ear)
(Greek: sharp, acute, pointed, keen; sour, acid, acidic, pungent)
(Greek: to smell; stink; generally used in a bad sense)
(Greek: thick, dense; large, massive)
(Greek: cold, frost, freezing; fixed or hardened; united)
(Greek: a "peak", but used by ecologists in the restricted sense of "foothill")
(Greek: something fixed or fastened together; a suffix that denotes conjoined twins, the first element of a word denotes the parts fused)
(Greek: original, ancient, primitive, old)
(Greek: shake, vibration)
(Greek: pollen, spores)
(Greek: all, every, entire; always)
(Greek: pancreas [pan, "all" plus kreas, "flesh"; the idea apparently being that the pancreas is an organ composed entirely of glandular flesh])
(Greek: papyros > Latin > Old French; papyrus, an Egyptian rush [a reed plant] from which material was made for writing or drawing. Used in the sense of "fibrous material on which to write or to draw"; paper)
(Greek: by the side of, beside, past, beyond; contrary, wrong, irregular, abnormal)
(Greek: beyond expectations; surprise endings; a pun which is fun)
(Greek: same, equal, equality, equal value)
(Greek: virgin, maiden, young girl)
(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)
(Greek: child, boy; infant)
(Greek: pedon, ground, soil, earth)
(Greek: spring, fountain, mineral spring)
(Greek: mud, earth, clay)
(Greek [pelagos] > Latin [pelagicus]: sea, pertaining to the sea or ocean)
(Greek: shield; small-light shield)
(Greek: pemphix, "blister"; blistering skin diseases or a swelling of the skin that contains watery fluid and is caused by burning or irritation; a bump or small swelling on or beneath the skin)
(Greek: five; a number used as a prefix)
(Greek: mother-in-law; father-in-law)
(Greek: digestion, able to digest; cook; from "to cook, boil, digest")
(Greek: around, enclosing, surrounding, about, near, close; often used as a prefix)
(Greek: space between the scrotum or mons veneris and the anus)
(Greek: extraordinary; superfluous, redundant; odd, odd-numbered)
(Greek: pigeon, dove)
(Greek: maimed, crippled; deformed, malformed)
(Greek: derived from penta-, "five"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: leaf; from the adjective petalos, "flat, spread out")
(Greek: in botany, a suffix combining form meaning, "having a certain number or a certain shape of petals")
(Greek: a suffix; fixing [of a specified part]; attaching to, a fastening)
(Greek: lentil [bean]; lens of the eye)
(Greek: dusky; literally, having the color of the twilight sky)
(Greek: eat, eating; to consume, to ingest; relationship to eating or consumption by ingestion or engulfing)
(Greek: baldheaded, bald; smooth)
(Greek: to show; to make visible, to manifest, to open)
(Greek: manifest; show, appear, make appear, make visible, display; visible; to show through, to shine through; illustrious)
(Greek: medical drug, medicine; poison)
(Greek: pharynx [the alimentary canal between the palate and the esophagus]; part of the neck or throat)
(Greek: talk, speak, say)
(Greek: cork, bark; cork tree; inner bark of trees)
(Greek: speak, talk; speech)
(Greek: light, splendor, luster, sunlight, daylight)
(Greek: to show, to appear, or to display; making evident; literally, "to come to light" or "to bring to light")
(Greek: bear or carry; support; go)
(Greek: the twenty-first letter of the Greek alphabet; Φ, φ)
(Greek: kiss, a kiss; kissing)
(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)
(Greek: vein, blood vessel; from the verb, phlein, "to flow")
(Greek [phlegmatikos] and Latin [phlegmaticus]: heat, inflammation; burn, inflame)
(Greek: fire, flame; inflammation)
(Greek: fear, extreme fear of; morbid, excessive, irrational fear, or terror of something or someone; however, sometimes this Greek element also means a strong dislike, dread, or hatred for something or someone)
(Greek: (classic and modern) phono, phonos; slaughter, kill, murder, homicide)
(Greek: light)
(Greek: light, light bringer, shine; morning star; a nonmetallic chemical element that ignites when exposed to air)
(Greek: light; ultraviolet and infrared radiation; radiant energy)
(Greek: fence, wall off, stop up; obstruction)
(Greek: a well, a tank, a reservoir; ground water)
(Greek: mind, brain; the midriff or the diaphragm; mental disorder)
(Greek: phreatia, a well, a reservoir, a tank; a cistern, a pit)
(Greek: thought, care, attention; think, thinking, contemplation)
(Greek: toad)
(Greek: decay, waste away, waning; loss, diminution)
(Greek: alga, algae; seaweed)
(Greek: guard, protect, preserve)
(Greek: leaf, leaves)
(Greek: tribe, race; class; clan)
(Greek: breath, wind; pertaining to air or gas; bellows, bladder, bubble; swollen; as seen in many modern scientific terms)
(Greek: nature, natural, inborn [to make grow, to produce])
(Greek: a plant; growth; growing in a specified way or place; to produce)
(Greek: the sixteenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Π, π)
(Greek: bitter, sharp, pungent)
(Greek: to press; pressure; to squeeze)
(Greek: [soft] fat)
(Greek: a combining form confused between three Greek roots and may mean "hunger", "dirt", or "drink"; and there is one Latin form referring to the "pine tree")
(Greek: fat)
(Greek: sideways, slanting, sloping; oblique)
(Greek: passively drifting, wandering, or roaming)
(Greek: passively drifting, wandering, or roaming; planet or planets)
(Greek: broad, wide; flat, level)
(Greek: stroke, blow, strike; paralysis)
(Greek: more, most; full; excessive; multiple)
(Greek: swim, swimming, swimmer; sail, sailor; float, floating)
(Greek: near; resembling that which is named by the combining root)
(Greek: excess, superabundance, overly full, fullness; increase)
(Greek: side, rib; a thin membrane with two layers that line the chest cavity)
(Greek: to sail, to float; flow)
(Greek: stroke, wound; used in medicine to denote "a condition resulting from a stroke")
(Greek: a fold; folded)
(Greek: wealth, wealthy, rich)
(Greek: wash, a washing; washtub, basin; by extension, irrigate, irrigation)
(Greek: air, wind; breathing)
(Greek: air, wind, breath; presence of air; spirit)
(Greek: lung; breath, breathe)
(Greek: choke, smother, suffocate; prevent breathing)
(Greek: grass, a grassy place; meadow, meadows)
(Greek: making, producing, creating, creative, forming, formation)
(Greek: beard; referring to a beard or beard-like structures)
(Greek: varied, irregular, mottled; many-colored, spotted)
(Greek: war, warlike, pertaining to war; battle)
(Greek: gray; pertaining to the "gray matter" of the nervous system, brain, and the spinal cord)
(Greek: city; method of government; citizenship, government, administration)
(Greek: frequent, frequently; often, diverse)
(Greek: many, much; excessive; abnormal amount, profuse, ample, large quantity; multiple, abundant, numerous)
(Greek: used as a suffix; sale, selling; one who sells; pertaining to selling, to sell; trade, barter)
(Greek: toil, labor, work hard, fatigue; exertion; also, suffering, pain)
(Greek: how much? how great?)
(Greek: river, stream)
(Greek: old, relationship to old age, elderly, elder; literally, "he that goes first")
(Greek: anus, rectum)
(Greek: forward, further, onward; anterior)
(Greek: face)
(Greek: one who stands before, in front of; refers primarily to the prostate gland [so named because it "stands before" the mouth of the bladder])
(Greek: former, earlier, older)
(Greek: first; foremost, front, earliest form of, original, primitive; chief, principal; usually used as a prefix)
(Greek: sand)
(Greek: stammering; faltering in speech)
(Greek: false, deception, lying, untrue, counterfeit; used as a prefix)
(Greek: the twenty-third letter of the Greek alphabet; Ψ, ψ)
(Greek: bare, making bare, stripping; smooth, plain; mere, merely)
(Greek [psittakos-] > Latin [psittacinus-]: parrot)
(Greek: itch, mange)
(Greek: mind, spirit, consciousness; mental processes; the human soul; breath of life; literally, "that which breathes" or "breathing")
(Greek: cold)
(Greek: sneeze, a sneezing)
(Greek: fern [from pter[on], "feather, wing"])
(Greek: wing)
(Greek: feather [soft], down)
(Greek: a person who crouches; than extended to a beggar, poor; paupers; modernized meanings: street people, homeless, vagrant, living in poverty)
(Greek: fall, a falling down of an organ; drooping, sagging; corpse)
(Greek: spittle, salivia; salivary gland)
(Greek: foot)
(Greek: close, compact, thick, dense; frequent)
(Greek: renal pelvis; especially of the kidney; from "tub, vat, basin, and trough")
(Greek: rump, bottom; rear end; behind part; the posterior or back part of the body)
(Greek: door, gate, entrance; orifice, an aperture or hole opening into a bodily cavity; indicating the portal vein)
(Greek: gatekeeper; lower gastric orifice through which the contents of the stomach enter the duodenum)
(Greek: pus; purulent, an infection or foreign material that causes a thick whitish-yellow fluid which results from the accumulation of white blood cells)
(Greek: fever, feverish, burning heat, hot)
(Greek: fire, burn, burning, heat, produced by heating, hot; and sometimes also referring to "fever as shown at this link")
(Greek: rod; twig, stick, strip, branch; rod-shaped, striated; wand)
(Greek: suture, stitching, joining in a seam)
(Greek: a thing said; a word; a term)
(Greek: a flow, wave; current of a stream, current; electrical current)
(Greek: rhetorike tekhne, "the technique or art of public speaking" > Latin: orator; that which is spoken)
(Greek: flux, that which flows; a stream; discharge)
(Greek: cold, frost; shiver)
(Greek: root)
(Greek: the seventeenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Ρ, ρ)
(Greek: the color rose [red]; roselike, rose-colored)
(Greek: that which may be turned or spun around; magician's circle; equilateral parallelogram in which only the opposite angles are equal)
(Greek: a snoring; to snore; from beak, snout)
(Greek: filth; dirt)
(Greek: regularly recurring motion; measured motion)
(Greek: wrinkle, wrinkling; folding)
(Greek: tube)
(Greek: rotten, putrid, putrefaction, decay; poisoning from bacterial action)
(Greek: decayed, rotten; unsound, weak; humus)
(Greek: lizard, reptile, serpent; used especially with reference to "dinosaurs")
(Greek: boat-shaped [often refers to bones]; shaped like the hull of a boat; dug out like a boat; trench; deep vessel)
(Greek: karabos, "crab, beetle"; Latin: scarabaeus, "beetle"; beetles)
(Greek: dung, feces, excrement, offal, fecal matter, manure, ordure)
(Greek: split, cleft)
(Greek: shade, shadow; ghost)
(Greek: skleros tough, toughen; hard, hardening; dry up)
(Greek: curvature, curved, twisted, crooked, bent)
(Greek: darkness; blindness)
(Greek: to move back and forth; to shake, to move violently; earthquake)
(Greek: moon)
(Greek: signal, signals; sign, signs; mark, marks; symbol, symbols)
(Greek: saliva (suh LIGH vuh); spittle, foam from the mouth; the salivary glands)
(Greek: iron; things made of iron)
(Greek: the eighteenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Σ, σ [beginning of word], ς [end of word])
(Greek: sigmoeides, shaped like the letter sigma; pertaining to the sigmoid flexure, the S-shaped bend in the colon; a combining form that usually denotes the sigmoid colon)
(Greek: food; eating; appetite)
(Greek: shade, shadow)
(Greek: channel, pipe)
(Greek: scarce, scarcity; rare, uncommon)
(Greek: wasp, wasps)
(Greek: a wedge; the sphenoid bone, a wedge-shaped bone found at the base of the skull)
(Greek: ball, round, around; globe, global; body of globular form; by extension, circular zone, circular area)
(Greek: pulse, pulsation; throbbing)
(Greek, speira > Latin, spira: coil, coiled; twisted, turning)
(Greek: coil; [long flowing] hair; hence, "hair, bristle"; spirochetes, coil-shaped microorganisms)
(Greek: entrails, intestines, viscera [internal organs collectively; especially, those in the abdominal cavity])
(Greek: spleen, "the inward parts;" the elongated accessory lymphatic organ of the vascular [blood] system)
(Greek: ashes; waste materials)
(Greek: spine, spinal column, vertebra)
(Greek: seed, seeding; a sowing; a crop; seedtime)
(Greek: contraction; to gather, to constrict)
(Greek: bunch of grapes, uvula [that which resembles a grape hanging from a stock]; staphylococci, grape-shaped bacteria occurring in irregular clusters)
(Greek: upright stake; hence, "rood, cross"; cross-shaped, crosslike, crossed)
(Greek: a trickling; oozing; to drip, dripping; denoting a flow of some kind, or from some source)
(Greek: fat; suet, tallow)
(Greek: covering, covered, to cover; roof; by extension, secret, secret writing, applied to a secret code, codes, or ciphers that are hidden)
(Greek: an inscribed stone slab; a block of stone, gravestone; a column, a pillar [also a reference to certain plant structures])
(Greek: narrow, contracted; short)
(Greek: Greek herald in the Trojan war [Greek mythology]; powerful voice [literally, "groaner, roarer"])
(Greek: solid, firm, hard; three-dimensional)
(Greek: chest, breast, sternum, the breast bone)
(Greek: chest, breast)
(Greek: line, row)
(Greek: to aim at, to guess, to conjecture; to aim, to target, to mark)
(Greek: strabizein > Modern Latin: "to squint"; imperfect focus; eyes deviating inwardly, deviating outwardly, or one eye going to the right and the other eye going to the left)
(Greek: army)
(Greek: to twist, to turn)
(Greek: a twisting, to twist; easily bent or twisted, like a chain)
(Greek: column; pillar; pillarlike implement or structure, especially the styloid process of the temporal bone)
(Greek: astringent [from the verb styphein, "to contract, to be astringent")
(Greek: crocodile; Egyptian name for crocodile)
(Greek: with, together with; also by extension: united; same, similar; at the same time)
(Greek: pipe, tube, cavity, fistula; spine)
(Greek: fast, speed, swift, rapid)
(Greek: burial, grave; tomb; funeral)
(Greek: the nineteenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Τ, τ)
(Greek: same)
(Greek: arrangement, order, put in order, orientation; the movements or directed responses of motile organisms to stimuli, as indicated by the combining roots)
(Greek: art, skill, craft; techne, art, skill, craft; tekton, "builder")
(Greek: carpenter, builder)
(Greek: far away, far off, at a distance)
(Greek: end, last; result, completion, perfection, fulfillment)
(Greek: marsh, pool, standing or stagnent water; mud of a pool)
(Greek: to cut, cutting; literally, a piece cut off)
(Greek: tendon, sinew [related to "move in a certain direction, stretch"])
(Greek: ash-gray; volcanic material such as ash, dust, cinders, etc.)
(Greek: "monster, marvel"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: tension, especially a convulsive tension; muscle spasm or tetanus, an infectious disease characterized by muscle spasms)
(Greek: one fourth)
(Greek: four; a number used as a prefix)
(Greek: young branch, shoot; thallus, a simple-plant body with undifferentiated root, stem, and leaf)
(Greek: bush, shrub)
(Greek: wonder, a wondrous thing; miracle, miraculous, magic; something to look at; sight, spectacle)
(Greek: teat, teats, nipple, nipples)
(Greek: feminine, female, females; daughter, daughters)
(Greek: God, god, deity, divinity, divine)
(Greek (theorein, theoria); Latin (theoria): looking at, contemplation, spectator, speculation; viewing)
(Greek: heal, cure; treatment; service done to the sick, [a waiting on])
(Greek: the eighth letter of the Greek alphabet; Θ, θ; theta symbol, ϑ)
(Greek: touch, a touching)
(Greek: brimstone, sulfur)
(Greek: thorax, chest [part of the body between the neck and the abdomen; "breastplate, breast, chest"])
(Greek: nutrition, nourishment)
(Greek: clot, lump; aggregation of blood factors)
(Greek: pouch, sack)
(Greek: thymos, spirit, soul; courage; breath, mind, emotions)
(Greek: to pluck, tear, pull)
(Greek: standing water, pool, pond, marsh, swamp)
(Greek: childbirth, delivery, a reference to the production of offspring; that which is brought forth)
(Greek: place, a position, region, local, localized)
(Greek: bow, arrow)
(Greek: neck, throat, cervix)
(Greek: windpipe; originally, "rough" artery)
(Greek: rough)
(Greek: tragoidia, a compound of tragos, "goat" and aeidein, "to sing"; goat song)
(Greek: friction, rub, rubbing, grind, wear away; spend, waste time; be busy)
(Greek: triangular; three angles)
(Greek: to crush; to massage, to rub, rubbing, friction, to grind)
(Greek: a gnashing, grating, grinding; lockjaw)
(Greek: third; a number which is often used as a prefix)
(Greek: that which is round[ed]; a wheel, a disk)
(Greek: a suffix referring to a device, tool, or instrument; more generally, used in the names of any kind of chamber or apparatus used in experiments)
(Greek: food, nutrition, nourishment; development)
(Greek: bend, curve, turn, a turning; response to stimulus)
(Greek: trokhilia, "pulley, system of pulleys, roller"; Latin: trochlea, "system of pulleys")
(Greek: auger, borer; parasitic protozoa)
(Greek: chance, fortune, fate, providence; by accident, an unforeseen or unexpected occurrence)
(Greek: a knob; callus, callous, callosity)
(Greek: blind, blindness [typhlos, blind]; denotes relationship to the cecum or the first part of the large intestine, forming a dilated pouch; also called the "blindgut" or "blind intestine" [caecum, "blind, blind gut", typhlon, cecum])
(Greek: to smoke; smoke, mist, vapor, hot vapor, steam, cloud, fog; stupor [insensibility, numbness, dullness]; used exclusively in medicine as a reference to fever accompanied by stupor or a clouding of the mind resulting from the fever caused by a severe-infectious disease)
(Greek: cheese)
(Greek: wooly; curly)
(Greek: gum)
(Greek: the twentieth letter of the Greek alphabet; Υ, υ; upsilon symbol with hook, ϒ)
(Greek: heaven [s], vault of heaven; hence "the sky"; from Uranus, the god of the sky; in medicine, the palate, roof, or top of the mouth)
(Greek: roof of the mouth; literally, "little vault of heaven")
(Greek: urinary canal)
(Greek: urethra, a slitlike tube conveying urine from the internal urethral orifice of the bladder)
(Greek: urine [water, rain, wet])
(Greek: the color yellow; blond)
(Greek: foreign, foreigner; alien; different; extraneous; strange, stranger; and by extension, guest)
(Greek: dry)
(Greek: the fourteenth letter of the Greek alphabet; Ξ, ξ)
(Greek: sword)
(Greek: wood; the first element of various scientific and technical words that refer to wood)
(Greek: razor)
(Greek: scrape, scratch, shredded; polish; razor)
(Greek: a suffix that means; state of, condition of, quality of, act of)
(Greek: from octo-, "eight"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: from octo-, "eight"; a decimal prefix used in the international metric system for measurements)
(Greek: the sixth letter of the Greek alphabet; Ζ, ζ)
(Greek: juice, soup, sauce, broth)
(Greek: diseases communicated from one kind of animal to another or to human beings; usually restricted to diseases transmitted naturally to man from animals)
(Greek: diseases communicated from one kind of animal to another or to human beings; usually restricted to diseases transmitted naturally to man from animals)
(Greek: girdle; belt)
(Greek: yoke, forming pairs; joined, union; or indicating a relationship to a junction; meaning a yoke or crossbar by which two draft animals; such as, oxen could be hitched to a plow or wagon)
(Greek: bolt or bar)
(Greek: the malar bone or the arch that the malar bone forms with the other bones to which it is connected)
(Greek: ferment, fermentation; leavenl; a leavening agent, a leavening catalyst)
(Hebrew > Greek > Latin > Middle English: dust)
(Greek > Latin: suffix; from French -aque, or directly from Latin -acus, from Greek -akos forming adjectives. This suffix was used to form names of arts and sciences in Greek and it is now generally used to form new names of sciences in English; meanings, "related to, of the nature of, pertaining to, referring to")
(Greek > Latin: [originally, Academus/Akademus, a name of a hero in Greek mythology; then it became a gymnasium near Athens where Plato taught])
(Greek > Latin: "tiny spider", mite[s] "itch"; ticks)
(Greek > Latin: tendon at the back of the heel)
(Greek > Latin: seashore, beach, strand, promontory)
(Greek > Latin: goat)
(Greek > Latin: love feast of the early Christians; love, love feast; to love)
(Greek > Latin: mushrooms or toadstools)
(Greek > Italian: change; a fee charged by money brokers [changers] for exchanging money)
(Greek > Latin: from ager to agri and agrarius, of the land; land, fields)
(Greek > Latin: fields; wild, savage; living in the fields, via ager, agri.)
(Greek > Latin: depending on chance or luck; pertaining to gambling; rolling of dice; game of hazard or chance)
(Greek > Latin: fox; baldness; derived from "mange in foxes"; bald patches on the head)
(Greek > Latin: nourisher; wet nurse; midwife)
(Greek > Latin: @ two-handled; a vessel with two handles or ears; a pitcher or vase)
(the importance of Latin and Greek in the development of English as revealed in the history of English)
(an etymological approach to learning more about English words; especially, those from Latin and Greek origins)
(Greek > Latin: elbow)
(Greek > Latin: [receptacle], vessel, often a blood vessel; "covered by a seed or vessel", a seed vessel; a learned borrowing from Greek meaning "vessel", "container")
(Greek > Latin: mosquito, mosquitoes)
(a different kind of vocabulary lexicon that emphasizes English words primarily from Latin and Greek origins)
(Greek > Latin: legume; peanut)
(Greek > Latin: chief, principal leader, first [in position or rank])
(Greek > Latin: clay)
(Greek > Latin: passive, unworkable, slow; a-, "without, not" + ergon, "work")
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; a place for; abounding in or connected with something; a place containing or related to that which is specified by the root)
(Greek > Latin: fragrance, odor, spice)
(Greek > Latin: yellow orpiment [pigment of gold]; arsenic trisulfide, having a lemon-yellow color and a resinous luster; used as a pigment)
(Greek > Latin: artery, arteries; blood vessels, veins, or windpipe)
(Greek > Latin: windpipe, artery; arteriole, "small artery")
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; used in medicine to denote a state or condition of)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; one who; forms nouns from verbs in -ize; nouns denoting the adherent of a certain doctrine, principle, or custom)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; pertaining to; of the nature of)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)
(Greek > Latin: Atlanticus, pertaining to the Atlantic Ocean or to Mount Atlas; from the Atlas mountains)
(Greek > Latin: one of the Titans, son of Iapetus and Clymene, supporting the heavens on his shoulders; later, a king of Mauretania, changed by Perseus into Mt. Atlas [Greek mythology])
(Greek > Latin: to increase, to grow; growth)
(Greek authentikos > Latin authenticus: original, genuine, authoritative; one who does something himself or herself)
(Greek > Latin: worth, value)
(Greek > Latin: axis)
(Greek > Latin: an ancient Greek and Roman god of wine and revelry; earlier called Dionysus by the Greeks)
(Greek > Latin: bath, bathing; wash, washing)
(Greek balaustion > Latin balaustium: supporting post of a railing on a balcony, staircase, etc. Borrowed from Italian balaustro, from balaustra; so called because of the resemblance of a baluster to the double-curving calyx tube of the "wild pomegranate flower".)
(Greek > Latin: foreign, strange, outlandish)
(Greek > Latin: stepping, to step, to go, to walk; a place where someone steps; a pedestal; a foot for stepping; foundation, ground, base)
(Greek > Latin [a hollow, deep sound, a humming, a buzzing] > Italian [explosive shell]: booming, humming sound)
(Greek > Latin: bambacium, "cotton fabric"; from bombax, "cotton"; from Latin, bombyx, "silk, silkworm"; from Greek, bombux, "silkworm")
(Greek > Latin: intestinal rumblings, tummy rumbling; gurgling and splashing)
(Greek > Latin: north, northern)
(Greek > Latin: to feed, to graze)
(Greek > Latin: plants, plant life [originally, "herb, grass, pasture"] to botany)
(Greek > Latin: food)
(Greek > Latin: groin, swollen gland)
(Greek > Latin: onion, bulbous root, bulb; ball-shaped part of the stem of certain plants; such as, onions, tulips etc, from which their roots grow)
(Greek > Latin: bag, sac, saclike; purse)
(Greek > Latin: butter; from bou[s] , "ox, cow" plus tyro[s], "cheese")
(Latin: lime, calcium; heel, bone of the tarsus; to tread; derived from calx, calcis, "limestone, lime, pebble"; from Greek words halix and psephos, "small stone, pebble".)
(aspects of the moon are known as phases from a Greek word meaning "appearance")
(Latin: chamber; from Greek kamara, anything with a vaulted or arched cover; a vault, arched ceiling, or roof)
(Greek > Latin: reed, pipe; the word for "reed" in Hebrew, Arabic, and Egyptian was kaneh; then the word element passed into Greek and Latin, and into the languages of western Europe)
(Greek > Latin: corner of the eye)
(Greek > Latin: map; card [playing]; a piece of papyrus, paper)
(Greek > Latin: to let down, to insert, to thrust in [kata, "down" plus hienai, "to send"])
(Greek > Latin: stem, stalk)
(Greek > Latin: center; middle point, mid point; focus, focal point, focalize; zero in on)
(Greek > Latin: formless matter; especially from Greek, gulf, chasm, abyss, the rude unformed mass; and by extension, "confusion and disorder")
((Greek kharakter, Latin character: a distinctive mark or impression))
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, aktis, aktinos ray; radioactive metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek and Latin, alumen, a substance having an astringent taste; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, astatos, unstable; radioactive nonmetal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, baros, heavy; because its compounds are dense; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Latin, beryllus, and Greek, beryllos, gem; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek and Latin, cadmia, earthy or earth; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, chroma, color; because many of its compounds are colored; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, dysprositos, hard to get at; difficult to access; hard to obtain; rare earth)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, helios, the sun, first observed in the sun’s atmosphere; gas)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, iris, a "rainbow", because of the changing color of its salts; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, lanthanein, "hidden", "to be concealed"; rare earth)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, lithos, "stone, stony"; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, molybdos, "lead"; metal)
(Modern Latin: chemical element; from Greek, neo, "new" plus didymon, "twin" [with the element praseodymium]; rare earth)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, osme, "smell", "malodorousness", "stink"; metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, named in honor of the asteroid Pallas, which was discovered at about the same time; and for Pallas, the Greek goddess of wisdom; metal)
(Modern Latin: named for the Greek god Prometheus, who stole fire from heaven [the sun] for mankind; radioactive metal rare earth)
(Modern Latin: some say it comes from Greek proto, "first"; plus actinium, "ray"; so, “first actinium”; radioactive metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, rhodon, "rose"; in reference to the red color of its salts; metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, selene, the moon; nonmetal)
(Modern Latin: named for the mythical king Tantalus [who in the Greek myths was tortured by being placed in water up to his chin, which he was never able to drink, whence the word “tantalize”]; because of the element’s insolubility or “to illustrate the tantalizing work he had until he succeeded in isolating this element”; metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, technetos, "artificial"; the first man-made artificial element; radioactive metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, thallos, "a young, or green, twig or shoot" [based on the color of its spectrum]; metal)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, Thule, the Greek name for land north of Britain or for Scandinavia; rare earth)
(Modern Latin: from Greek, xenon, "stranger"; gas)
(Arabic > Greek > Latin: the art of combining base metals [to make gold]; from Greek, chemia, “Egypt”, supposedly where the art of changing metals into gold existed)
(Greek kirrhos: orange-yellow > New Latin cirrhosis: diseased condition of the liver)
(Greek klados: shoot, young branch; branch; twig)
(primarily the learning of the Latin and/or Greek languages, history, and literature)
(Greek > Latin: bars, lattice, grate; used in the sense of "lattice[d], latticelike")
(Greek > Medical Latin: muscle spasm; to move violently; turmoil)
(Greek > Latin: gigantic, enormous, huge)
(Greek > Latin: shell, sea shells; shell-like bone or cavity of the body)
(Greek > Latin: trunk of a tree or body)
(Latin: garland, wreath, crown; from a Greek source meaning, "anything curved; a wreath, a garland")
(Greek > Medieval Latin [c.700-c.1500]: head, skull)
(Greek > Latin: roller, roller-shaped figure; used in the sense of being "roller-shaped, column-shaped")
(Greek + Latin: dare, to give, a giving, given; a gift; to grant, to offer)
(Latin: finger, toe; from Greek daktylos)
(Greek > Latin > French: leather, prepared hide, membrane)
(Greek > Latin: disk; round plate thrown in athletic competitions; used primarily in the extended sense of "something shaped like a round plate")
(Greek > Latin: guile, deceit, deception)
(Greek > Latin: house, home; master or lord of the house)
(Greek > Latin: dragon; a kind of serpent; snake; a kind of fish; by extension, a festering sore)
(Greek > Late Latin: to do, to accomplish)
(Greek > Latin: driven on, set in motion; driven, set in motion; ductile; elasticity, elastic)
(Greek > Latin: electric, electricity; from amber, resembling amber, generated from amber which when rubbed vigorously [as by friction], produced the effect of static electricity)
(Greek ελυτρον > Modern Latin: covering, wrapping; sheath, casing; by extension, vagina)
(Greek > Latin: that which is thrust into something; wedge, stopper; interpolation, obstruction; from "throw in" or "throw into")
(Greek > Latin: traveler, trader, merchant; a trading place, market; pertaining to trade or traveling)
(Greek > Latin: praise, approval, acclamation)
(Greek > Latin: layer of simple cells lining the inner surface of the circulatory organs)
(English writers used Greek and Latin to express content)
(scientific presentations used Latin and Greek as their nomenclature)
(the space-age generation continues to utilize terms from Latin and Greek origins)
(Greek ainigma > Latin aenigma: dark saying, riddle, fable; from ainissesthai, "to speak darkly, to speak in riddles")
(Greek > Latin: membrane lining the central canal of the spinal cord and the ventricles of the brain including cells and cellular membranes)
(Greek -issa > Late Latin -issa > Old French -esse > Middle English -esse: a suffix that forms nouns meaning a female +++, as in lioness, tigress, heiress, hostess, and sculptress)
(Greek > Latin: burn, shine, to kindle; light up; the heavens; the upper air, the sky)
(Greek > Latin: literally, guardian of the bed)
(Greek > Latin > French: bind by oath; calling up or driving out of [evil] spirits)
(Anglo Saxon or Teutonic: in Old English times, eye was eage, which is related to a whole range of words for "eye" in other European languages; including, Greek ophthalmos and Latin oculus [with all of its subsequent derivatives])
(The Greek goddesses of destiny)
(Greek > Latin: rock lichen, seaweed; red paint, rouge)
(Greek > Latin: swelling, a knot; center of a cavity; nerve center; pertaining to a mass of nerve tissue)
(Hebrew > Greek > Latin: hell or hellfire)
(Greek > Latin: race, kind; line of descent; origin, creation; pertaining to sexual relations, reproduction, or heredity; and more recently, a gene or genes)
(Greek > Latin: a silvery color, or bluish green; gleaming, bright; gray)
(mythology for all seasons)
(Greek > Latin: to steer or to pilot a ship; to rule; a steersman)
(Greek > Latin: salt or "the sea")
(Greek > Latin: to wander in mind, to dream)
(Greek > Latin: a fitting together, joining, proportion, concord, agreement, musical harmony)
(Greek > Latin: a taking, choosing, a choice; to take for oneself)
(Greek > Latin: west, evening)
(Greek heuriskein and Modern Latin heuristicus and from German heuristisch; "to invent, to discover")
(a father of the early Christian Church whose major work was his translation of the Scriptures from Hebrew and Greek into Latin known as the Vulgate)
(Greek > Latin: cheerful, gay, joyful, good spirits)
(Greek > Latin: historical narrative; past events, past knowledge)
(Greek > Latin: hour, time; period of time, season, any limited time)
(Greek Goddess [Hygeia, Hygea, Hygia, Hygieia], the source of the word hygiene)
(Greek > Latin: together, in one, as a single word)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix that forms nouns; state of, condition of, quality of; act of)
(Greek > Latin: suffix; a process; a diseased condition)
(Greek idein > Latin idea; the result of a mental processes)
(Greek > Latin: groin, flank, lower part of the body; gut, bowels, abdomen, loins)
(Old English, Middle English: in, into; within; toward; a prefix used in front of English words, not Latin or Greek elements; as in the words, indoors and inland)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix that is used to form hundreds of words that mean: similar to, resembling, like, characterized by, or of the nature of)
(Greek > Latin > Old French > French: pretended ignorance; saying the opposite of what a person really means)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; one who believes in; one who is engaged in; someone who does something)
(Greek > Latin: maze; the inner ear)
(Greek > Modern Latin: throat, upper part of the windpipe; the vocal-chord area of the throat; the musculocartilaginous structure below the tongue root and hyoid bone and above the trachea)
(posters with translations)
(Greek > Latin: an assumption that is taken for granted; a premise)
(Greek > Latin lepra: flake, scale, scales, scaly, scabby)
(Greek > Latin: Greek Lésbios through Latin Lesbius; lesbian; homosexual relations between women)
(Greek > Latin: lie hidden, secret; forgetfulness, forget, inactive through forgetfulness; also sleepy, drowsy, dull, sluggish)
(Greek > Latin: spleen; a combining form denoting relationship to the spleen)
(Greek > Latin: line, thread, string, cord, net)
(Greek elements that create words that mean "lizard")
(Greek > Latin > French: a rounded projection, especially a rounded projecting anatomical part; such as, lobe of the ear, lobe of the liver, lobe of the lung; seed, pod)
(Greek > Latin: the art of speaking and reasoning)
(Greek > Latin: breast, nipple)
(Greek Latin: breast)
(Greek > Latin: learning, science, that which is learned; knowledge)
(Greek makhana, machana > Latin machina: machine, device, tool; an apparatus for applying mechanical power to do work; mekhanikos > machynen, decide a course of action, contrive, plot contrivance; a machine or the workings of machines)
(Greek > Latin: [mekonion to meconium] of or pertaining to the poppy, poppy-juice; opium)
(Greek meniskos > Latin meniscus: a crescent-shaped body, a curved structure, lunar crescent form, semilunar cartilage; diminutive of mene, "moon")
(Greek mikso > Latin mixtus: mix, mixed, a mixing, a mingling, an intercourse; to combine or to blend into one mass or substance; to combine things; such as, activities, ideas, styles; to balance and to adjust individual musical performers’ parts to make an overall sound by electronic means)
(Greek > Modern Latin: lead [the metal])
(Latin: much, many; combining form of Latin multus "much, many"; which is related to the Greek mala, "very, very much, exceedingly")
(Greek > Latin: unable to speak, inarticulate, dumb; uttering no sound, silent, silence, still, quiet)
(Greek > Latin: membrane, tympanic [drum] membranes in the ears)
(Greek > Latin: secret, occult [probable literal meaning is "one whose eyes are closed"])
(Greek > Latin: volatile petroleum derivative; containing, or derived from the coal-tar derivative naphthol)
(Greek > Latin: morbid self love, self-admiration, self-centeredness)
(Greek > Latin: drink of the gods; from Greek mythology)
(Greek > Latin: "the great river encompassing the whole earth"; hence, the "great Outward Sea" [as opposed to the "Inward" or Mediterranean]; the ocean)
(Greek > Latin: eight, eighth)
(Greek > Latin: song, lyric poem)
(Greek > Latin: [olive] oil; fat)
(Greek > Latin > French: the tree Olea europaea, used in its etymological sense)
(Greek > Latin: shoulder)
(Greek > Latin: poppy juice; from the juice of plants or fruits)
(Greek > Latin: a kind of whale; large sea creature)
(Greek > Latin: testes; testicles)
(Greek > Latin > French: excitement or violent action in an organ or part)
(Greek > Latin orgia (pl), secret rites)
(Greek > Latin: mountain; hill)
(Greek > Latin: rice)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; actor, process, condition, or state of; result of; expresses a state or abnormal condition or process of some disease)
(Greek > Latin: wood sorrel; the leaves of the wood sorrel are acidic to the taste)
(Greek > Latin: recurrence, repetitious; back, backward, again; returning, repeating)
(Greek palame > Latin palma: palm of the hand)
(Greek > Latin: to bring forth, to bear; producing viable offspring; giving birth to; brood; secreting)
(Greek > Modern Latin: abnormal reduction, decrease in, insufficient, deficiency. Originally, the meaning was poverty, need; sometimes it is erroneously or incorrectly rendered as -poenia)
(Greek > Latin: stone, rock)
(Greek via Latin: bone between two joints of a finger or toe; line of battle; from phalanx, heavy infantry in close order [from Greek antiquity])
(Greek > Latin: pharisaios; from Aramaic prisayya; "those who are separate")
(Greek > Latin: bodily malformations; from "seal fins"; a sea calf)
(Greek > Latin: bearer, to bear, carrying; producing, transmission; directing, turning; originally to carry or to bear children)
(Latin: magpie; related to Latin, picus, "woodpecker"; probably translated from Greek kissa, kitta, "magpie, jay")
(Greek > Latin: strike, stroke, blow, wound; beat the chest; lament loudly [while beating the chest]; pestilence)
(Greek plektron > Latin plectrum: thing to strike with; such as, a pick for a lyre, a zither, a guitar, an autoharp, etc.)
(Pluto, Roman god of wealth, ruled the dark underworld of myth; ninth planet from the sun)
(Greek > Latin: pain, punishment, penalty)
(Greek > Latin > Old French: passageway, used primarily as "a pore, a small orifice"; opening; cavity, tract)
(Greek > Latin: drinking; a word termination [suffix] denoting a relationship to drinking or the intake of fluids)
(Greek > Latin: skilled in the law; busy, skilled in business; a thing done; to do, effect, accomplish, practice)
(Greek > Latin: to do, to exercise, doing; action, activity, practice; the opposite of theory; from the stem of prassein, "to do, to act")
(Greek > Latin: a prefix signifying before; forward, forth; for, in favor of; in front of; in place of, on behalf of; according to; as, to place before; to go before or forward, to throw forward)
(Greek > Latin: literally, "something thrown forward, to throw forward")
(Greek > Latin: convert; stranger, one who has come over; to come to; to surrender; to associate with)
(Greek > Latin: an addition; to put to, add to, to place)
(Greek > Latin: pebble/pebbles, stone/stones; election; vote)
(Greek > Latin: flea)
(Greek > Latin: to recollect, to remember; act of recalling; to recall to memory; to remind of past events)
(Greek > Latin: a suffix; a bursting forth, excessive flow)
(Greek > Latin: flow, flowing)
(Greek > Latin: wrinkle, to make full of wrinkles; ridge, fold)
(Greek > Latin: sugar; originally from Sanskrit, "gravel, grit")
(Greek > Latin: bag, pouch)
(Hebrew and Greek: the devil, the adversary)
(Greek > Latin > French: beside, alongside)
(Latin: from Medieval Latin sciatica, in sciatica passio, "sciatic disease", from feminine of sciaticus, "sciatic"; from Latin ischiadicus, "of pain in the hip"; from Greek iskhiadikos, iskhias, iskhiados, "pain in the hips"; from iskhion, "hip joint".)
(Greek > Latin: see, view, sight, look, look at, examine, behold, consider)
(Greek > Latin > Old French: Greek skorpios, Latin scorpionem, Old French scorpion; poisonous animal related to the spiders)
(Greek > Latin: silk)
(Greek > Latin: tube, pipe, or hose; a tube or pipe from which water or fluid springs out)
(Greek > Latin: leg)
(Greek > Latin: dried up, withered, mummy; the bony and some of the cartilaginous framework of the body of animals; including humans)
(Greek > Latin: draw, tear, rend, pull; tension, convulsion; sudden, involuntary contractions)
(Greek > Latin: a cave, a cavern, a grotto)
(Greek > Latin: that which binds tightly, press together; band, lace; hence, muscle that closes an aperture of the body; a ringlike band of muscle fibers that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice)
(Greek > Latin: sponge)
(Greek > Latin: dropping, dripping; trickling; to drip, to drop, to trickle)
(Greek > Latin: mark, reproach; shame, disgrace; from Greek, puncture; brand; tattoo mark; point)
(another way to improve one's Latin-Greek-English vocabulary)
(another approach that can enhance a person's Greek > Latin > English vocabulary)
(words with Latin and Greek origins and from other sources)
(a story told with an emphasis on Latin and Greek roots and affixes)
(learning English words from Latin and Greek elements)
(varieties of mostly Latin-Greek based story translations)
(Greek > Latin: hate, hating, hated, hateful; abhor, abhorrence; loathsome, loathing)
(Greek > Latin: sweat, sweating; perspire, perspiring, perspiration)
(Greek > Latin: fig [sweet, hollow, pear-shaped, multiple fruit that has numerous tiny seedlike fruits that are eaten fresh or preserved or dried])
(Greek > Latin: contraction; to draw together)
(Greek > Latin: ribbon, band, stripe; tapeworm, tapeworms)
(Greek > Latin: confusion, disturbance, irritation, trouble, lack of calmness)
(Greek > Latin: ankle, tarsal plate of the eyelid; from Greek tarsos, frame of wickerwork; broad, flat surface, as also in tarsos podos, the flat of the foot, instep of the foot; the edge of the eyelid)
(Greek > Latin: bull, steer)
(Greek > Latin: to move in a certain direction; to stretch, to hold out; tension; as well as tendon, sinew)
(Greek > Latin: marvel, omen, monster; malformation)
(Greek > Latin: four; cube; password)
(Greek > Latin: inner room, bedchamber; so called by Galen because chambers at the base of the brain were thought to supply animal spirits to the optic nerves; thalamus, the middle part of the diencephalon (the area in the center of the brain just above the brain stem that includes the thalamus and hypothalamus) which relays sensory impulses to the cerebral cortex of the brain)
(Greek > Latin: place for seeing dramas or shows)
(Greek > Latin: case, capsule, sheath, container, receptacle [also: a placing, a setting, a putting]; "a place where" something is kept)
(Greek > Latin: treasure, treasury, storehouse, chest; a treasury of words)
(Greek > Latin: sand bank, sand dunes; shore)
(Greek > Modern Latin: thymus gland, glands; warty glanular growth resembling a bunch of thyme [aromatic bush leaves])
(Greek > Latin: a genus of plants, the thyme)
(Greek > Latin > Old French: swift animal)
(Greek > Latin: any person or something of enormous size or power)
(Greek > Latin: to bear, to support, to endure)
(Greek > Latin: a peculiarity in language or special presentations)
(Greek > Latin: sound, tone; that which is stretched, a stretching, a straining, a pitch of the voice, a musical note)
(Greek > Latin: a numerical prefix meaning, three, thrice, threefold; triple; a word element for number 3)
(Greek > Latin: cave; thriving in caves; cave dweller)
(Greek > Latin: drum, kettledrum; stretched membrane; from "blow, impression, to beat"; a part of the ear)
(Greek > Latin: whirlwind, tempest)
(Greek > Latin: to beat, to strike; a blow; a dent, an impression, a mark, original form; a mold; a figure, an image, a form, a kind)
(Greek > Latin: an absolute ruler; an oppressor, a dictator)
(Latin: elbow; larger bone of the forearm [from Greek: olene])
(Greek > Latin: a suffix that forms singular nouns)
(Greek > Latin: hook, hooked, bent, curved)
(Venus, Roman goddess; Aphrodite, Greek goddess; second planet from the sun)
(seeing English words in three vocabulary quiz types from different perspectives for a greater enhancement of English-word skills)
(English-Vocabulary Words from Latin and Greek Units Prefixes, Roots, and Suffixes that Every Advanced-English Speaker and Reader Should Know)
(an abundance of Word Information about English Vocabulary derived from Latin and Greek sources)
(Greek > Latin: ardor, fervor; jealousy, jealous)
(Greek > Latin: west wind [Old English zefferus from Latin zephyrus from Greek zephuros])
(Greek > Latin: girdle, girded garment)
Word Entries containing the term: “greek
Ancestors or Greek origins for the English words referring to child or boy

Any time a student refers to a teacher as a pedagogue he or she is not suggesting that the teacher has feet which are a foot-and-a-half (sesquipedalian) long.

The Greek ped used in English is a shortened form of the Greek pais (paid-), which means a "child"; usually a "boy", because in old Grecian times, boys were considered "more important" than girls.

Actually, pedagogue means "a child's guide" or "guiding a child". In ancient Athens, the pedagogue was a slave who led his master's children (boys) to school or provided private tutoring. In the U.S., the equivalent of "guiding a child" is now "home schooling". In time, the word became known as a "teacher".

This Greek ped is used primarily in technical terms; such as pedagogics, which refers to the "science of teaching". There is more information about pedoagogue, pedagog on this page.

Another derivative from the Greek ped is a word meaning "education" or the results of "education"; such as, "knowledge" or "learning". The Greek element pedia is found in other Greek words; such as, cyclopedia and encyclopedia, "circles of knowledge".

This entry is located in the following unit: pedo-, paedo-, ped-, paed-, paido-, paid- (page 1)
Ecclesiae filii, a Greek phrase.
Sons of the church.

Motto of St. Edmund's School, Canterbury, UK.

This entry is located in the following units: fili- (page 1) Latin Proverbs, Mottoes, Phrases, and Words: Group E (page 1)
Greek (Ellinikí or Eliniké ) days
Kuriakí (Sunday)
Deutéra [second day] (Monday)
Tríti [third day] (Tuesday)
Tetárti [fourth day] (Wednesday)
Pémpti [fifth day] (Thursday)
Paraskeuí [sixth day] (Friday)
Sábbato or Sabbáto (?) (Saturday)

Kuriakí means, "Lord’s day" which is followed by "second, third, fourth, fifth" days. Paraskeuí, meaning, "preparation", is a biblical term used historically by Greek-church fathers. Sábbato or Sabbáto means the Sabbath, or "to rest" as in "day of rest".

—Based on information from
The Week, an Essay on the Origin & Development of the Seven-Day Cycle
by Francis H. Colson; Cambridge University Press;
Cambridge, England; 1926; pages 119-120.
The The Greek alphabet is available on this page.
This entry is located in the following unit: Calendar Names of Days and Months in Different Languages (page 4)
Greek (Ellinikí or Eliniké) months
ianuários (January)
fevruários (February)
mártios (March)
aprílios (April)
máios (May)
iúnios (June)
iúlios (July)
avghustos (August)
septémvrios (September)
októvrios (October)
noémvrios (November)
thekiémvrios (December)

—Based on information from the
Mediterranean Europe Phrasebook by Tassos Douvartzides;
Published by Lonely Planet Publications, Hawthorn, Victoria, Australia, 1992.
The The Greek alphabet is available on this page.
This entry is located in the following unit: Calendar Names of Days and Months in Different Languages (page 4)
Hermes, messenger of the Greek gods, who became Mercury, messenger of the Roman gods
See this Roman god, Mercury and his connections with the planets.
This entry is located in the following unit: herm-, herme- (page 1)
Mottoes, Slogans, Proverbs, Adages, Words of Wisdom: Latin and Greek to English Units
Units of Latin-Greek mottoes with English translations.
This entry is located in the following unit: Special Contents of Interest (page 3)
Vocabulary Quizzes: English Words from Latin and Greek Origins
Lists of Vocabulary Self-Scoring Quzzes and Tests; another approach to learning English words.
This entry is located in the following unit: Special Contents of Interest (page 4)
Vocabulary Quizzes: English Words from Latin and Greek Origins
An index of a variety of self-scoring Vocabulary Quizzes, from word units.
Units at Get Words related to: “greek
(Greek: beginning; the first, the leader, the ruler; being first has two different, but often related, meanings: one meaning indicated first in time; another indicated first in importance)
(Greek: eu, "good, well; sounding good" + pheme, "speaking, speech"; mild, agreeable, or roundabout words used in place of coarse, painful, or offensive ones)
(enhance your English vocabulary by taking advantage of word origins)
(here are 14 important words with elements from Latin and Greek sources)
(Herodotus extended his historical coverage beyond the Greek world to the lives, ways, and beliefs of the people with whom the Greeks and the Persians came into contact)
(the first Latin words to find their way into the English language owe their adoption to the early contact between the Roman and the Germanic tribes on the European continent and Greek came with Latin and French while others were borrowed directly; especially, in the fields of science and technology)
(many of the words used today in English are derived from Greek myths)
Word Entries at Get Words containing the term: “greek
A message from someone who recently purchased a copy of Words for a Modern Age, A Cross Reference of Latin and Greek Combining Elements

John Robertson:

I received your book on 6/26/00. Congratulations on a great book. You no doubt spent a great amount of time in research. I find the book fascinating.

It’s been over 45 years since I studied Latin and Greek in college and unless one keeps it up, one tends to forget. You have rekindled my interest. Now that I’m retired, I’ll have more time. I have always been interested in the origin of words especially from Latin and Greek.

Because the schools do not teach Latin and Greek as they once did, your book would be invaluable in helping students with the English language; thereby enriching their thought process. I am so happy that we still have people in this world who regard knowledge of Latin and Greek essential to scholarly development.

To quote Seneca, Jr. from your book: “Non scholae, sed vitae discimus.” Thank you for your “illusions” and also many thanks to your wife.


Note from your editor: The “illusions” referred to the dedication in Words for a Modern Age, A Cross Reference of Latin and Greek Combining Elements in which I wrote: “Dedicated to my wife, who has been my sine qua non. She has kept me in good health with her loving concern for my well being and has rarely interfered with my efforts to strive for my ‘illusions.’ ”

The Latin quotation by Seneca, Jr. means: “We don’t learn just for school, but we learn for life.”.

Speaking of books. The following came from "The Spelling Newsletter" published by Ray Laurita, Leonardo Press, PO Box 1326, Camden, ME 04843.

Can This Be True? Department

After reading the following exchange which appeared in the Metropolitan Diary, I have a feeling that our readers will be equally dismayed:

Carol Ruth Langer stopped at the information desk of a Barnes & Noble in Midtown to inquire about a copy of the Book of Job.

"How would you be spelling 'Job'?" the clerk asked.

"J -- O -- B", Ms. Langer said.

"Job books are in the career section."

Ms. Langer tried again. "Not job, Job, a book in the Bible".

"Who is the author" the clerk asked.

At that point, Ms. Langer knew it was time to leave.

As seen in the May 15, 2000, issue of the New York Times.
This entry is located in the following unit: Focusing on Words Newsletter #11 (page 1)
Additional words that were found which are derived from the Greek element tribo- are explained in the following contents:

Additional words that exist that are derived from the Greek element tribo-: nanotribology, [no dictionary seems to be available that has a definition for this term.] The following definitions came from various sources on the internet.

First, on Thursday, January 21, 1999, there was the following information from Dr. Jacqueline Krim, Professor of Physics at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina:

“Thank you for your inquiry. Yes, I coined the term nanotribology in a paper I wrote in 1991, entitled, ‘Nanotribology of a Kr [krypton] monolayer: A Quartz Crystal Microbalance Study of Atomic-Scale Friction’, J. Krim, D. Solina and R. Chiarello, PRL, 66, (1991) p. 181-184.”

“I would define nanotribology as the sub-field of tribology involving contact geometries which are well-characterized at atomic length or time scales. These tend to be on the order of nanometers and nanoseconds.”


Secondly, on Friday, January 22, 1999, I received another clarifying definition that I had requested from a contact I found on the internet.

I asked for a simple, easy to understand definition of “nanotribology” and this is what he sent to me:

“Tribology is the science and technology of two surfaces in relative motion which encompasses friction, wear, and lubrication. Nanotribology allows the study of friction and wear processes on nanoscale.”

—Prof. Bharat Bhushan, Ohio Eminent Scholar and The Howard D. Winbigler Professor
and Director, Computer Microtribology and Contamination Laboratory,
Department of Mechanical Engineering, The Ohio State University Columbus, Ohio

Now you know what nanotribology means, don’t you? If you want to know more about nanotribology, here are excerpts of other definitions; but be WARNED that if they are too confusing or of no interest to you, you may scroll down to the area where other tribo- words are presented. Don’t give up before you see the rest of the list, please.

Micro/nanotribology as a field is concerned with experimental and theoretical investigations of processes ranging from atomic and molecular scales to the microscale, occurring during adhesion, friction, wear, and thin-film lubrication at sliding surfaces.

This involves determination of the chemical, physical and mechanical properties of the surfaces undergoing relative motion at length scales of the order of nanometers. Interaction between rubbing surfaces occurs at asperities [roughness of surfaces] at which the local pressure and temperatures can be very high.

These conditions can lead to formation of tribochemical films with the unusual properties necessary for efficient wear protection. The nanomechanical properties of these films are being investigated by interfacial force microscopy (IFM) which is capable of determining the elastic constants and anelastic behavior of the films in boundary layer lubrication.

Proposed nanotribology experiments for the Triboscope include studying the effect of different contact areas, scan directions and crystallographic orientations on both lubricated and unlubricated surfaces.

Tribology is the study of friction, lubrication and wear. Nanotribology is roughly defined as the study of these same phenomena down to the nN and nanometer force and length scales.

I hope I haven’t lost you in the sea of obfuscation (confusion, obscurity, or bewilderment) because there are other interesting words to learn. Here are additional examples that are derived from tribo-:

  • triboelectric, an electrical charge produced by friction between two objects; such as, rubbing silk on a glass surface.
  • triboelectricity, in physics, electrical charges produced by friction between two surfaces; static electricity.
  • Frictional electricity … was supposedly known to the ancient Greeks, particularly Thales of Miletus, who observed about 600 B.C. that when amber was rubbed, it would attract small bits of matter. The term “frictional electricity” gave way to “triboelectricity,” although since “tribo” means “to rub,” the newer term does little to change the concept.

    —A.D. Moore (as seen in The American Heritage Dictionary of Science
    by Robert K. Barnhart; Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston; 1986).

  • tribofluorescence, triboflurescent; to give off light as a result of friction.
  • tribologist, a specialist in the science of tribology.
  • tribology, tribological, the science of the mechanisms of friction, lubrication, and wear of interacting surfaces that are in relative motion.
  • triboluminescence, the quality of emitting light under friction or violent mechanical pressure.
  • triboluminescent, exhibiting triboluminescence.
  • tribophosphorescence, tribophosphorescent; to produce light by friction.
  • tribothermoluminescence, thermoluminescence [luminescence resulting from exposure to high temperature] produced in a material as a result of friction.
  • tribometer, an instrument for estimating sliding friction.
  • tribophysics, the physical properties or phenomena associated with friction.
  • tribophosphoroscope, an instrument for examining triboluminescence.
  • tribulation, originally from Greek; then through Latin, “to press; affliction”; distress, great trial, or affliction.

“The Roman tribulum was a sledge consisting of a wooden block studded with sharp pieces of flint or iron teeth. It was used to bring force and pressure against wheat in grinding out grain.

The machine suggested the way trouble grinds people down and oppresses them, tribulations becoming another word for troubles and afflictions. The word is first recorded in English in 1330.”.

—From the Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins
by Robert Hendrickson; Facts On File, Inc., New York; 1997.

The Romans ground out their corn [make that grain-J.R.] with a heavy roller, mentioned in Vergil’s Georgics among agricultural instruments: the tribulum, diminutive noun, from tritere, trit —, to rub, from Greek tribein, to rub. Being ground under and pressed out made an excellent metaphor to express the trials and tribulations of the early Christians.

Dictionary of Word Origins by Joseph T. Shipley.

“To know the origin of words is to know how men think, how they have fashioned their civilization. Word history traces the path of human fellowship, the bridges from mind to mind, from nation to nation.

“Some of the words in our language can be traced to a remote past; some have histories that begin but yesterday. Many are members of large families, with intertwining legend and history. Slow change, swift new coinage of science or slang, ancient or recent borrowing from many tongues: together they give flexibility, power, and beauty to English, the richest and most widespread language of all time.”

— Joseph T. Shipley, from the Preface of his Dictionary of Word Origins.
This entry is located in the following unit: Focusing on Words Newsletter #05 (page 1)
Greek alphabet

Used in math and science.

Α α, alpha
Β β, beta
Γ γ, gamma
Δ δ, delta
Ε ε, epsilon
Ζ ζ, zeta
Η η, eta
Θ θ theta
Ι ι, iota
Κ κ, kappa
Λ λ, lambda
Μ μ, mu
Ν ν, nu
Ξ ξ, xi
Ο ο, omicron
Π π, pi
Ρ ρ, rho
Σ σ, sigma
Τ τ, tau
Υ υ, upsilon
Φ φ, phi
Χ χ, chi
Ψ ψ, psi
Ω ω, omega
This entry is located in the following unit: Measurements and Mathematics Terms (page 6)
Herodotus, Greek Traveler and Historian

A short description of Herodotus, a well-known Greek historian.

This entry is located in the following unit: Index or Menu of Various Topics (page 1)