alloarthroplasty (s) (noun)
, alloarthroplasties (pl)
The surgical removal of part of a structure or bodily organ or the surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint with another part: Dr. Watts, the orthopedic surgeon, explained the alloarthroplasty process to Mr. Jason, explaining that the replacement of his painful bone links were in fact a standard operation.
, more amphiarthrodial, most amphiarthrodial
Pertaining to connecting disks which allow slight motions, as that between the vertebrae: Jane's naturally upright posture was reinforced by the amphiarthrodial
condition of her spine which allowed only a slight bending movement.
The skeleton in the anatomy class allowed the students to study the natural amphiarthrodial condition of the spinal column.
amphiarthrosis (s) (noun)
, amphiarthroses (pl)
1. A type of articulation between boney surfaces that are connected by ligaments or elastic cartilage which permit limited motion between the vertebrae: After her automobile accident, Pamela found her amphiarthrosis was impaired and she required extensive physiotherapy in order to restore some comfortable movements in her back.
2. A form of jointing consisting of two bones being united by a cartilage of some elasticity, which prevents one surface sliding onto the other, but permits a certain amount of movement; such as, in the contacts of the vertebral column, the carpus (eight bones forming the wrist), etc.: Hester benefited from the physiotherapy exercises she did every morning as she noticed the amphiarthrosis in her back was feeling more flexible and therefore more comfortable.
, more anarthrous, most anarthrous
Descriptive of not having or appearing not to have moveable joints: After the skeletal connection in his knee was fused, Ambrose appeared to have an anarthrous leg or one without a proper functioning junction.
Pertaining to the point of juncture or union between two bones: After Sue slipped and fell down on the icy step, she experienced some arthal pain; especially, in her left wrist.
arthralgia, arthrodynia (s) (noun)
; arthralgias, arthrodynias (pl)
Severe pain between bone structures; especially, one that is not inflammatory in character: The crushed toe on his left foot resulted in Pearson experiencing arthralgia, a considerable pain which was not caused by a disease.
arthrectomy (s) (noun)
, artherectomies (pl)
The excision or surgical operation to remove a bone structure: Years ago, many arthrectomies were performed without anesthesias or painkillers, the doctor giving the patient a piece of wood to bite on while the connection between certain bones was being removed.
arthrifuge (s) (noun)
, arthrifuges (pl)
Something used to eliminate or to relieve the suffering caused by gout, an inflammation of the joints: Dr. Clegg cautioned Jeff against drinking alcohol because it was NOT an arthrifuge or painkiller for his gout condition.
, more arthritic, most arthritic
Having or exhibiting the characteristics of inflammation or painfulness between bone connections brought about by injury, infection, etc.: Jillian's mother had an arthritic condition that limited her ability to play the piano because the areas between the bones in her fingers were too painful.
arthritis (s) (noun)
, arthritides (pl)
A medical condition characterized by the inflammation of connecting bone areas; usually, accompanied by pain, swelling, and, often, changes in structures: Lance was relieved to hear from Dr. Smith that his arthritis could be relieved with a good diet and prescribed exercises which would help to relieve the inflammation of the structures between the bones.
arthrocele (s) (noun)
, arthroceles (pl)
The swelling of bone contacts that are possibly caused by a hernia of a synovial membrane (tissues covered by fibrous and connective tissue) or pushing through into a connecting part of a membrane, causing severe discomfort: The pain in Hector's knee was caused by an arthrocele resulting in a swelling because a substance forced its way through the conjoining link in his leg.
arthrocentesis (s) (noun)
A puncture of a linking area of the bones with a sterile needle in order to drain excessive accumulated fluid from it: Arthrocentesis
is helpful in relieving swelling and pain in structures between the bones.
Due to a sports injury, Bruce had what was called "water-on-the-knee"; so, the doctor used arthrocentesis to draw off the liquid and relieve his discomfort.
arthroclasia (s) (noun)
, arthroclasias (pl)
The process by which force is used to break or to loosen an unnaturally fused connection between bones: Dr. Black, the orthopedic surgeon, had to use a rubber mallet to perform the arthroclasia on Jacob's elbow link, a process which is used for loosening a fused union of bones which is done under anesthesia.
arthrodesis (s) (noun)
, arthrodeses (pl)
The surgical immobilization of a joint or a joint fusion performed to relieve pain: Basically, arthrodesis is performed to secure an abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a skeletal connection to provide support in a diseased or injured hinge between bones.
arthrodia (s) (noun)
, arthrodias (pl)
Partially flat surfaces of joints which are lubricated by a secreted synovial or clear fluid: The articulating connecters in the spinal column are examples of arthrodia; that is, skeletal parts that allow gliding movements.