path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

polioencephalomyelopathy
Any pathologic process or disorder of function that predominantly involves the neurons rather than the glia or white matter of the brain and spinal cord.
polioencephalopathy
Any disease predominantly affecting the gray matter of the brain.
poliomyelopathy
Any disease primarily affecting the gray matter of the spinal cord.
polyadenopathy, polyadenosis
Adenopathy affecting many lymph nodes.
polyendocrinopathy
A disease usually caused by insufficiency of multiple endocrine glands.
polymyopathy
Disease affecting several muscles simultaneously.
polyneuropathy
A disease process involving a number of peripheral (away from the center) nerves (literal sense), noted in beriberi and chronic alcoholism, as a result of thiamin deficiency.
polypathia
The occurrence, or presence, of several diseases at the same time.
polyradiculopathy
1. A diffuse root involvement, seen with, among other disorders, diabetic neuropathy.
2. Simultaneous inflammation of a large number of the spinal nerves marked by paralysis, pain, and the wasting away of muscles.
ponopathy
1. Nervous exhaustion.
2. Characteristics of mental or physical fatigue or body weakness after performing, or trying to perform, everyday activities, and the inability to recover from that fatigue by normal periods of rest or relaxation.
protopathic
1. Stimuli and nerve systems concerned with sensation of pain and of marked variations in temperature.
2. Sensing pain, pressure, heat, or cold in a nonspecific manner, usually without localizing the stimulus.

Referring especially to certain sensory nerves.

3. Of primary sensitiveness or referring to sensory nerves in the skin with a primary, grosser, or more limited sensibility to stimuli.
4. The ability to appreciate deep pain sensations and marked variations in temperature; such as, hot and cold; distinguished from epicritic sensibility, or the sensibility to gentle stimulations permitting fine discriminations of touch and temperature as localized in the skin.
psychopath
1. A person affected with antisocial (psychopathic) personality disorder; a mental disease.
2. The pathology of mental disorders; the branch of medicine that deals with the causes and nature of mental disease.
3. An individual with a mentally disordered or abnormal personality; an antisocial type of personality disorder. Also known as anethopath, sociopath.
psychopathologist
Someone who specializes in psychopathology.
psychopathology
1. The study of significant causes and processes in the development of mental illness.
2. The study of the origin, development, and manifestations of mental or behavioral disorders.
3. The pathology of mental disorders; the branch of medicine which deals with the causes and nature of mental disease.
4. Research into the causes and development of psychiatric disorders; as well as, abnormal, maladaptive behavior or mental activity.
psychopathy
A reference to a pattern of antisocial or manipulative behavior engaged in by a psychopath.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.