path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

pathogenetic
pathogenic
pathogenicity
1. Capacity of something to cause disease or the ability to produce pathologic changes.
2. The capacity of a micro-organism to produce disease.
pathogenous
pathogens
Any disease-causing micro-organisms, which proceed to establish themselves, multiply, and produce various symptoms in their hosts.
pathogeny
The development of morbid conditions or of a disease.
pathognomic, pathognomonic
1. Aiding diagnosis; distinctive.
2. Indicative of a specific disease.
3. Specific and characteristic of a given disease or condition.
4. A reference to the capacity for recognizing feelings, emotions, and human passions.
5. Relating to the science of the signs and symptoms of diseases; typical indications of a particular disease.
pathognomonic
1. Referring to the capacity for recognizing feelings and emotions.
2. Relating to the science of the signs and symptoms of diseases; typical indications of a particular disease.
3. A reference to being specifically distinctive or characteristic of a disease or pathologic condition; a sign or symptom on which a diagnosis can be made.
pathognomy
1. The study of the symptoms or characteristics of a disease; a diagnosis.
2. An expression of the passions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.

Pathognomy is the study of passions and emotions. It refers to the expression of emotions that are indicated in the voice, gestures, and by features.

While physiognomy is used to predict the overall character of an individual, pathognomy is used to gain clues about the current character.

Physiognomy is based on shapes of the features, and pathognomy on the motions of the features.

pathograph
A written description of a disease.
pathographic
A reference to a written description of a disease.
pathography
A history or description of disease.
pathologic
pathological (adjective), more pathological, most pathological
1. Extreme in a way which is not normal or that indicates an illness or a mental problem: Sam's cousin is known to be a pathological gambler who is more interested in going to casinos as often as possible instead of staying home with his wife and children.

Mark's little boy had developed the tendency to be a pathological liar who could not be trusted to tell the truth about anything.

2. Relating to a disease: Sue has a pathological condition that requires medical attention.
3. A reference to the study of diseases: Dr. Smith was involved in the diagnosis of the pathological epidemic that had spread in so many African countries.
A disease or a compulsive habit of tell lies.
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pathological absorption
Absorption of a substance normally excreted; for example, urine, or of a product of disease processes; such as, pus, into the blood or lymph.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.