path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

pathological anthropology (s) (noun),pathological anthropologies (pl)
The study of diseases in humans from the viewpoint of its differential distribution among groups of people.
pathologist
1. A doctor who specializes in identifying diseases by studying cells and tissues under a microscope.
2. A medical specialist who strives to determine the essential nature of diseases; especially, of the changes in body tissues and organs that cause or are caused by disease.
pathology
1. The study of the nature of diseases with regard to structural and functional changes.
2. The branch of medical science that studies the origin, nature, and course of diseases.
3. Pathology was originally the study of “suffering”.
patholopolis
A diseased or morally degenerate city.
pathomania, pathomaniac
1. A morbid perversion of the natural feelings, affections, inclinations, and natural impulses without any remarkable disorder of the intellect; moral insanity.
2. Madness, insanity; moral insanity.
pathomeiosis
The tendency to belittle the importance of one’s disease.
pathometer
An apparatus for recording the incidence of disease in a specified locality.
pathometry
Now considered obsolete: Sir Ronald Ross’ term for the quantitative study of parasitic invasion and infection in individuals or groups of individuals.
pathomimesis
The willful, deliberate, and fraudulent feigning, or exaggeration, of the symptoms of illness or injury; which is done for the purpose of consciously achieving some desired objective.
pathomimicry
The feigning (faking) of a disease or disorder either deliberately or unconsciously; malingering.
pathomorphism
Abnormal morphology (the form and structure of a particular organism, organ, or part).
pathoneurosis
1. In psychoanalysis, a neurosis that is centered around a morbid preoccupation with a diseased organ.
2. Hysterical symptoms due to a chronic disease process.
pathonomia, pathonomy
The sum of knowledge regarding the laws of disease.
pathophilia
1. Adapting oneself to a disease.
2. Adjustment of habits to conditions made mandatory by some chronic disease.
3. An excessive, abnormal desire to be sick; also nosophilia.
pathophobia (s) (noun), pathophobias (pl)
A horror of getting any kind of a disease: Thomas decided to try to keep as many viruses and germs out of his home as possible, and therefore washed his hands quite often every day, did the laundry, vacuumed, and mopped the floors every day, and his friends thought he had pathophobia for sure!

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.