gram-, -gram-, -gram, -grammatic, -grammatical, -grammatically, -gramme, -grammic +

(Greek: write, writing, something written, a written record, a recording; letters; words; later, a small weight, a unit of mass in the metric system)

A unit of weight in the metric system from 1797 gramme, borrowing of French gramme, from Late Latin gramma, "small weight"; from Greek gramma, "small weight"; originally, "something written"; from the stem of graphein, "to draw, to write".

—Compiled from information located in;
The Barnhart Dictionary of Etymology; Robert K. Barnhart, Editor;
The H.W. Wilson Company; New York; 1988; page 445.
levogram
1. An electrocardiographic record in an experimental animal representing a spread of impulses through the left ventricle alone.
2. That part of the electrocardiogram which represents activity of the left ventricle of the heart.
lexigram (s) (noun), lexigrams (pl)
A symbol that represents a word: "Patricia was learning the lexigrams of the Chinese language which she was studying."
lipogram
1. A text that excludes a particular letter or particular letters of the alphabet.
2. A written work composed of words chosen so as to avoid the use of one or more specific alphabetic characters.
3. A composition from which the writer rejects all words that contain a certain letter or letters.

Writing a lipogram is a trivial task for uncommon letters like "z", "j", or "x"; but it is much more difficult for common letters like "e". Writing this way is impractical, as the author must omit many ordinary words, resulting in stilted-sounding text that can be difficult to understand. Well-written lipograms are rare.

An example of a lipogrammatic writing is the classical Odyssey of Tryphiodorus in which there was no "a" in the first book, no "b" in the second book, and so on.

Another example of a lipogram is the following sentence which is considered to be something of an achievement; since the letter "t" is the second most commonly used letter in English: "Brisk pigmy gnome hides pudgy black while brash demon group, grown plump hawky, wreck cabin, would lynch dusky scamp."

—This sample lipogram came from Language on Vacation
by Dmitri A. Borgmann; Charles Scribner's Sons; New York, 1965, page 134.

Still another example of a lipogram is the following: "Profs from Oxford show frosh who do post-docs how to gloss works of Wordsworth." This sentence does not use any of the letters: "a", "e", "i", and "u".

lipogrammatic
A reference to a composition from which the writer rejects all words that contain a certain letter or letters; for example: "The quick brown fox jumped over the lazy dog", which omits the letter "s".
lipogrammatism
1. The art or practice of writing lipograms; texts or writings which exclude a particular letter or particular letters of the alphabet.
2. A written work that is composed of words chosen so as to avoid the use of one or more specific alphabetical characters.

An example of lipogrammatism: "It is an odd kink of humanity which cannot find any valuation in spots of natural glory." This sentence omits the letter "e".

—from Gadsby by Ernest Vincent Wright, 1939.
lipogrammatist
Anyone who writes signs or characters representing words.
logogram (s) (noun), logograms (pl)
A sign, symbol, or character representing a word: A logogram can be used, alone or in combination with other symbols; such as, the graphic representation of a whole word as a single letter (¢, $, £, ¥, ™®, #, &, %, ¶, ©).

Some logograms are found on road signs, in advertising, etc., and all are designed to represent in simple graphic form an object, a concept, or an attitude.

Symbols representing words.
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logogrammatic
1. A reference to a written symbol representing an entire spoken word without expressing its pronunciation; for example, for 4 read "four" in English, "quattro" in Italian.
2. Descriptive of a letter, a symbol, or a sign used to represent an entire word; for example, & (ampersand), % (percent), @ (at), and $ (dollar) are logogrammatic symbols.
magnetogram
A graphic representation of magnetic field strengths and polarity.
mammogram
A record of a mammograph which is the technique or procedure for diagnosing and locating abnormalities of the breasts by means of X-rays; an examination by this technique.
marigram
A graphic representation of the rise and fall of the tide in the form of a curve, the height represented by ordinates and the time represented by the abscissas (value of a coordinate on the horizontal axis).
mastogram
A radiogram of the breast or breasts.
megagram
A unit of mass equal to 1,000,000 grams. Symbol: Mg.
meteorogram
A record furnished by a meteorograph.
microgram
One-millionth of a gram.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; graph-; scrib-, script-.