trans-, tran-, tra-

(Latin: across, through, over, beyond; on the far side of)

Don't confuse the tra- in this element with another tra- in "drag" or "draw". Trans- becomes tra- before the consonants -d, -j, -l, -m, -n, and -v.

transcendency (s) (noun), transcendencies (pl)
A condition of being or a reality of life above and beyond the limits of material experiences: Henrietta had a dream of an existence without problems, disagreements, dilemmas, and with perfect health; but this wish for transcendency was not part of her real world!
transcendent (adjective), more transcendent, most transcendent
1. A reference to going beyond ordinary life: Shirley wanted to see for herself the transcendent beauty of the mountains.
2. Relating to something which exceeds the limits of human understanding or knowledge: Little Jenifer read a book telling about fairies living in a transcendent world of their own, completely different than the one she was experiencing with her parents.
transcendental (adjective), more transcendental, most transcendental
Relating to the explanation of material things with thoughts and spiritual concepts because they are considered to be more of a reality than ordinary human experiences: Ted appeared to have some supernatural or transcendental ideas that explained what would happen if certain procedures were followed by the company's managers.
Relating to surpassing ordinary comprehension; a reference to being profound; superior; fantastic.
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transcendentalism (s) (noun) (no plural)
1. A system of philosophy that emphasizes the intuitive and spiritual above the physical, scientific, and material: Founders of the American movement of transcendentalism were striving "to climb beyond" traditional empirical thinking, favoring instead a person’s insight or premonition and natural spirituality.

Ralph Waldo Emerson summed up the beliefs of transcendentalism when he said, "What lies behind us, and what lies before us are tiny matters compared to what lies within us."

2. Etymology: from Latin transcendere, "to climb over or beyond, to surmount"; from trans-, "beyond" + scandere, "to climb".
transcendentalist (s) (noun), transcendentalists (pl)
1. Someone who believes that reasoning is the key to understanding reality: One of the most famous transcendentalists was Ralph Waldo Emerson who believed and wrote about the importance that everyone should be self-reliant or self-sustaining.
2. Anyone who asserts that true knowledge is obtained by faculties of the mind that go beyond sensory experiences: Margaret Fuller, a transcendentalist of the 19th-century, was one of the philosophers who advocated that the spiritual reality rises above the scientific and empirical facts and entities of this world.
transcendentally (adverb), more transcendentally, most transcendentally
Descriptive of how things, which go beyond the practical experience of ordinary people, cannot be understood or discovered by normal reasoning: Gregory went to a monastery after his father's death where he thought that meditating transcendentally would help him recover from the pain and suffering he was experiencing.
transcolonic endoscopy
Endoscopic examinations of the colon through an opening in the colonic wall.
transcortical aphasia
An aphasia in which the unaffected motor and sensory language areas are isolated from the rest of the hemispheric cortex.

This condition is subdivided into transcortical sensory and transcortical motor aphasias.

transcribe, transcribing
1. To make an exact copy of (something) in writing; to copy out from an original; to write (a copy).
2. To write out in other characters, to transliterate; to write out (a shorthand account) in ordinary “long-hand”; formerly also, to translate or render accurately in another language.
3. In music, to adapt (a composition) for a voice or instrument other than that for which it was originally written.
4. In broadcasting, to record for subsequent reproduction; to broadcast in this form.
5. To transfer information from one way of storing it on one computer to another, or from a computer to an external storage device.
1. An exact copy of something which has been written.
2. Anything copied from an original, previously written, copy.
1. A written record of something, e.g., a copy of the script of a broadcast program or a record of court proceedings.
2. An official document showing the educational work of a student in a school or college; any copy or record.
1. Something that has been transcribed.
2. A phonetic representation of speech using special symbols.
Relating to transcripts or to the transcribing of things.
A branch of molecular biology that deals with the study of messenger RNA molecules produced in an individual or population of a particular cell type.

The transcriptomes of stem cells and cancer cells are of special interest to researchers who are striving to understand the processes of cellular differentiations (a process in which a less specialized cell becomes a more specialized cell type) and carcinogenesis (a process in which normal cells are transformed into cancer cells).