scopo-, scop-, scept-, skept-, -scope-, -scopy, -scopia, -scopic, -scopist

(Greek > Latin: see, view, sight, look, look at, examine, behold, consider)

A speculum (mirror, or looking-glass) for examining a natural passage; such as, the urethra.
A visual examination of a meatus (opening or passage); especially, the urinary meatus or a ureteral orifice (tube that conveys urine from the bladder to the outside).
A modification of the magic lantern (projector), used especially for throwing a magnified image of an opaque object on a screen using solar or artificial light.
Anything which is large enough to be seen and examined without the aid of magnifying equipment.
meniscopathy (s) (noun), meniscopathies (pl)
A pain or an infection of the cartilaginous tissues found in body junctions: Meniscopathy may indicate a treatment of a disease or an abnormality of a meniscus which consists of ligaments that reduce friction during bodily joint movements.
meniscopexy (s) (noun), meniscopexies (pl)
A surgical procedure anchoring the medial flat disc-shaped ligament back to its former attachment: Meniscopexy is the surgical repositioning of a displaced disk which stabilizes and supports the inner aspects of the knee connections that may be injured in sprains which are the tearing or stretching of the ligaments that hold the bone ends together in joints.
1. Testing the actions or effects of various metals when applied to the surface of the body.
2. The practice of determining by external applications which metals or metallic substances act most easily and favorably upon a person's skin.
1. An instrument for taking observations of heavenly bodies.
2. An instrument for measuring the apparent path of a meteor.
Observation of the stars.
Someone who is versed in or who is a specialist in metoposcopy or the interpretation of facial wrinkles, especially those on the forehead, to determine the character of a person.
1. The study of physiognomy; the art of discovering the character of persons by their features, or the lines of the face.
2. The interpretation of facial wrinkles, especially those on the forehead, to determine the character of a person.

It is also used as a type of divination and has been used in conjunction with astrology. This pseudoscience was invented by the great 16th century mathematician, physician, and astrologer, Girolamo Cardano (1501-1576). Legend has it that Cardano starved himself to death at the age of seventy-five rather than live and run the risk of falsifying his horoscope and thereby discredit his beloved astrology.

In all, Cardano worked up about 800 facial figures, each associated with astrological signs and qualities of temperament and character. He declared that one could tell by the lines on her face which woman is an adulteress and which has a hatred of any lewdness.

Long, straight furrows are supposed to indicate nobility of character. He claimed to be able to tell the generous from the trickster by their distinct lines and noted that having three curved furrows on the forehead proves one is a dissolute simpleton.

The strongest feature of metoposcopy is that it is a non-invasive method of quickly assessing character. Its weakest features are that it has no scientific merit, although it can be easily verified by confirmation bias, and it is very cumbersome to have over 800 character traits to consider.

—Excerpts from The Skeptic's Dictionary by Robert Todd Carroll.
1. An instrument for examining the cavity of the uterus.
2. An endoscope used in direct visual examination of the canal of the uterine cervix and the cavity of the uterus.
Viewing the cutaneous capillaries at the base of the fingernail through the low power of a microscope.
A stethoscope with a diaphragm attachment for magnifying sound.
1. An optical instrument that uses a lens, or a combination of lenses, to produce magnified images of small objects, especially of objects too small to be seen by the unaided eye.
2. An instrument; such as, an electron microscope, that uses electronic or other processes to magnify objects.
3. A device that uses a lens or system of lenses to produce a greatly magnified image of an object.

An optical microscope uses transmitted or reflected light to obtain the image. An electron microscope uses a beam of electrons and a system of electron-focusing lenses to obtain images.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "appear, visible, visual, manifest, show, see, reveal, look": blep-; delo-; demonstra-; opt-; -orama; pare-; phanero-; phant-; pheno-; spec-; vela-, veal-; video-, visuo-.