scopo-, scop-, scept-, skept-, -scope-, -scopy, -scopia, -scopic, -scopist

(Greek > Latin: see, view, sight, look, look at, examine, behold, consider)

1. An instrument that permits direct visual inspection of the interior of the heart.
2. An instrument that permits continuous electrocardiographic observation of the heart's action during an operation.
1. A device that detects the presence of minute charges of electricity and determines their sign by means of electrostatic attraction and repulsion.
2. A measuring instrument that detects and measures an electric charge, usually consisting of a rod holding two strips of gold foil that separate when the same charge is applied to each one.
3. An instrument used to detect the presence, sign, and in some configurations the magnitude of an electric charge by the mutual attraction or repulsion of metal foils or pith balls.
4. An instrument for detecting the presence of static electricity and its relative amount, and for determining whether it is positie or negative.
5. An electrostatic instrument for measuring a potential difference or an electric charge with the mechanical force exerted between electrically charged surfaces which detects the intensity of radiation.

In one form, two narrow strips of gold leaf suspended in a glass jar spread apart when charged. The angle between the strips is then related to the charge.

1. A long slender medical instrument for examining the interior of a bodily organ or for performing minor surgery.
2. An instrument for visually examining the interior of a bodily canal or a hollow organ; such as, the colon, bladder, or stomach.
A reference to a medical instrument consisting of a long tube inserted into the body which is used for diagnostic examinations and surgical procedures.
endoscopy (s) (noun), endoscopies (pl)
A type of medical examination in which a medical device is passed into an area of the body; for example, the bladder or the intestines: "The process of endoscopy usually includes a fiberoptic camera, which allows a greatly magnified image to be projected onto a video screen, to be viewed by the medical operator."

"Often during the endoscopy, the operator can retrieve a small sample (biopsy) of the area being examined, in order to more closely view the tissue under a microscope."

"With advances in imaging and miniaturization of endosurgical equipment, surgery can be performed during endoscopy."

An instrument used for the evaluation of the transparency of the eyes.
A reference to appearances and evaluations presented by the structures in healthy or diseased eyes with the aid of the entoptoscope.
The evaluation and inspection of the transparency of the interiors of the eyes.
1. Relating to, or involving church government by bishops.
2. Involving or recognizing a church government by bishops.
3. Etymology: from Middle French épiscopal (14th century), from Late Latin episcopalis, from Latin episcopus, "an overseer"; from Gk. episkopos "watcher, overseer"; from epi-, "over" + skopos, "watcher"; and from skeptesthai, "to look at".
The office, position, or a term of office of a bishop.
episcopicide, episcopacide
The crime of murdering a bishop.
episcopolatry (s) (noun), episcopolatries (pl)
The worship of bishops.
A “guardian lizard”. From Greek, episcopos, “guardian, protector”.
esophagogastroduodenoscope (s) (noun), esophagogastroduodenoscopes (pl)
An instrument which is used to get an image of the upper gastrointestinal tract; namely, the esophagus, the stomach and the duodenum: The esophagogastroduodenoscope is inserted through the mouth and its operation requires the presence of a highly trained physician and often requires sedation.

The objective of using an esophagogastroduodenoscope is to identify ulcers, gastritis, esophagitis, varices, duodenitis, Barrett's esophagus, hiatal hernias, and tumors.

A esophagogastroduodenoscope procedure is performed on patients with a variety of symptoms; that include: nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating, abdominal pain, heartburn, reflux, family history of cancer, jaundice, weight loss, anemia, and gastrointestinal bleeding.

Endoscopy of the upper alimentary tract.

For endoscopy, a flexible opitical instrument (the endoscope) is inserted through the mouth and advanced into the esophagus, the stomach, and the duodenum (the first part of the small intestine).

Pathologicl changes (diseases, if any) are also evaluated by inflating air into the digestive tract.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "appear, visible, visual, manifest, show, see, reveal, look": blep-; delo-; demonstra-; opt-; -orama; pare-; phanero-; phant-; pheno-; spec-; vela-, veal-; video-, visuo-.