pung-, punc-, punct-

(Latin: pungere, punctum to strike, to hit, to punch, to pierce, to puncture, to point, to sting, to bite; a dot, a mark; a point, a sharp point, a pinpoint)

These vocabulary roots have developed a confusing family of words which, on the surface, do not seem to be related; however, the entries in this unit really are derived from the roots and the meanings that appear in the headings of this unit.

puncheon (s) (noun), puncheons (pl)
punctiform (s) (noun), punctiforms (pl)
A point, something located in a point (small bacterial cultures); a dot.
punctilio (s) (noun), punctilios (pl)
punctilious (adjective), more punctilious, more punctilious
1. Describing exactness regarding the appropriate details of social procedures and formalities: As the principal of the high school, Mr. Johnson had to be quite punctilious in conducting the staff meetings by not skipping over important issues and not interrupting a teacher whenever a question was asked.
2. A reference to being definite, strict, and precise: Joan was a very punctilious person when she was checking her bank account in order to make sure that she was not spending more than she earned!
Exact to an excessive degree.
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Very precise in behavior.
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punctiliously (adverb), more punctiliously, most punctiliously
Characteristic of being very careful about behaving properly and doing things in a correct way: Janice is a newspaper reporter who is punctiliously using correct grammar in her writing assignments.
punctiliousness (s) (noun) (no plural)
punctograph (s) (noun), punctographs (pl)
punctography (s) (noun), punctographies (pl)
The location of foreign bodies in tissues by means of X-rays.
punctual (adjective), more punctual, most punctual
punctuality (s) (noun), punctualities (pl)
1. The quality or habit of staying with an appointed time: "She always comes and leaves whenever she feels like it; so, she is not burdened with punctualities and she doesn't expect others to be burdened with them either."
2. A strict observance in keeping engagements or appointments; promptness.
punctually (adverb), more punctually, most punctually
punctuate (verb), punctuates; punctuated; punctuating
1. To use standard marks in writing; such as, colons, commas, question marks, italics, and periods; when composing sentences: There are times when the way a person punctuates his or her sentences can result in significant differences in their meanings; especially, if they are not done properly.
2. To interrupt or to emphasize something every so often when speaking: Jasper would punctuate his remarks by making a point when he was talking and by using gestures.
punctuation (s) (noun), punctuations (pl)
1. The use of specific marks to clarify the meanings of written material by grouping words grammatically into sentences, clauses, and phrases: Punctuation does for writing and printing what pauses and changes of voice do for speech.
2. The process or an instance of adding certain marks; such as, question marks, commas, semicolons, colons, question marks, exclamation marks, quotation marks, parentheses, brackets, apostrophes, and asterisks to groups of written words: The use of punctuations provides tools to indicate pauses, quotations, and to clarify meanings or inflections (changes in the basic forms of words; such as, to show tenses, singulars and plurals, etc.):
punctuation mark (s) (noun), punctuation marks (pl)
A printed or written symbol which is not a letter nor a number: Punctuation marks help make the meanings of compositions more understandable; such as: periods, commas, question marks, colons, semicolons, exclamation marks, quotation marks parentheses, brackets, hyphens, apostrophes, etc.

You can learn more about punctuation marks by clicking on this Index of Punctuation Marks and Punctuation Marks with Symbols, Explanations, and Examples.

punctuator (s) (noun), punctuators (pl)

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; aceto-; acid-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-.