pung-, punc-, punct-

(Latin: pungere, punctum to strike, to hit, to punch, to pierce, to puncture, to point, to sting, to bite; a dot, a mark; a point, a sharp point, a pinpoint)

These vocabulary roots have developed a confusing family of words which, on the surface, do not seem to be related; however, the entries in this unit really are derived from the roots and the meanings that appear in the headings of this unit.

acupoint (s) (noun), acupoints (pl)
A sharp end or the place where a pin or a needle is applied.
acupunctuate (verb), acupunctuates; acupunctuated; acupunctuating
To pierce or penetrate the skin with a puncturing device.
acupunctuation (s) (noun) acupunctuations (pl)
acupuncturation (s) (noun), acupuncturations (pl)
The practice or process of inserting needles into living tissue; especially, for medical or therapeutical purposes.
acupuncture (lexicomedy)
A jab well done.
Acupuncture the hard way
acupuncture (s) (noun), acupunctures (pl)
1. The ancient oriental practice of piercing parts of the body with needles to treat diseases or to relieve pain; more recently, "acupuncture anesthesia" or "analgesia".
2. As adapted in Western medicine, the needles may be twirled or weak electrical current applied; also called stylostixis.

The quickest way to experience acupuncture is to try on a new shirt.


Acupuncture has its points.


Blunt words often have the sharpest edges.

—E.C McKenzie

Acupuncture is said to be a medical treatment that starts with being stuck with a needle and ends with being stuck with a medical bill.


Historical background of acupuncture

Acupuncture, the insertion of thin needles into specific points on the body in order to relieve pain or to treat illness, was developed in China more than four thousand years ago.

It is based on the idea that the body contains an essential life energy known as qi (CHEE), which flows in channels or meridians. It was believed that qi was made up of two varieties of energy, yin and yang.

In the human body, the male or yang elements indicate the capacity for "activity and transformation", while the female or yin characteristics are associated with "circulation, nourishment, and growth"; and the balance between them needs to be maintained.

The purpose of the acupuncturist is to remove barriers to the flow of qi and to restore the balance of yin and yang and such objectives are thought to be achieved by the placement of needles at certain positions on the surface of the patient's body.

—Compiled from information located in
Science, Technology, and Society;
The Impact of Science from 2000 B.C. to the 18th Century
Editors: Judson Knight, Neil Schlager, Volume 1;
Thomson Gale; New York; 2002; page 20.
acupuncture analgesia (s) (noun), acupuncture analgesias (pl)
Feeling no pain or very little pain which is produced by the insertion of needles at certain points on the body: The acupuncture analgesia is used to activate small myelinated nerve fibers in the muscles which transmit impulses to the spinal cord and then activate three centers; including, the spinal cord, the midbrain, and the pituitary or hypothalamus in order to prevent feeling any pain.

acupuncturists (pl) (classification of those who practice this procedure)
1. A sting of acupuncturists.
2. A point of acupuncturists.
appoint (verb), appoints; appointed; appointing
appointee (s) (noun), appointees (pl)
appointer (s) (noun), appointers (pl)
appointive (asjective)
Relating to or filled by the designation of a person to hold an office or to be responsible for a position of trust: Henry was eligible for the appointive position as mayor until the election takes place.
appointment (s) (noun), appointments (pl)
aquapuncture (s) (noun), aquapunctures (pl)
1. A subcutaneous (under the skin) injection of water for the relief of pain.
2. A rarely used term in medicine for a hypodermic injection of water.
auripuncture (s), (noun), auripunctures (pl)
A surgical perforation of the tympanic membrane of the ear.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; aceto-; acid-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-.