, cacophonizes; cacophonized; cacophonizing
To make harsh or bad sounds: Using an untuned piano and a toy horn, Henry cacophonized while sitting on the balcony overlooking a peaceful lake, upsetting others who were in apartments nearby.
, canonizes, canonized, canonizing
To declare someone a saint: Some churches in the past have canonized certain persons who were considered to be very holy and religious.
, capitalizes; capitalized; capitalizing
1. To write or print in capital letters or with an initial capital: After cleaning the steps in the main staircase in the apartment building, Jane printed a big sign and and capitalized the words, "CAUTION, WET STEPS!".
2. To use debt or budgeted expenditures as capital for development: Ted's company bought a new machine which would be more efficient in production, therefore the company capitalized by buying it for the firm's further improvement and growth.
3. To provide the money that is needed to start or to develop a business: Mary was looking for investors in order to capitalize her company's further development.
, carbonizes; carbonized; carbonizing
To convert into a nonmetallic element or charcoal: During the forest fire, the trees were carbonised and burned up by the extremely hot temperatures of the flames.
, carnalizes; carnalized; carnalizing
To depict materialistically or physically: The aspects presented in the painting and sculptures in the museum were carnalized by the artists.
, circularizes; circularized; circularizing
1. To publicize with printed sheets which are given or sent to many people at the same time: Because the grocery store was going to be closed in the near future, notices had been circularised, particularly to the customers in the area.
2. To canvass or to take a poll using questionnaires: Volunteers were circularising the residential area in order to get various opinions about politicians, financial conditions, or other data involving the general public.
, civilizes; civilized; civilizing
1. To teach someone, or a group of people, to behave in a way that is more gentle and polite: Ingrid's parents hoped that a boarding school might help civilize her so she wouldn't be so hateful.
2. To make more concerned, fair, and reasonable: Dr. Anderson is a new doctor who has been civilizing the treatment of patients with mental illnesses.
3. To guide or to help others to have a more highly organized and more modern way of living: The missionaries were convinced that it was their responsibility to civilize the natives in the African jungles so they could improve their conditions of existence.
, colonizes; colonized; colonizing
To form or to establish a geographic area in order to make it possible for people to go there to live: Historically, it is said that England colonized Australia in the 18th century.
, communizes; communized; communizing
To change or convert from private ownership or management to group governance: The residents of Sam's community asked the town council to communize the availability of bicycles so anyone would be able to use them to get around the city.
, criticizes; criticized; criticizing
1. To analyze and to judge something as a professional critic: Jim asked Mr. Stevens, his English teacher, to read through his essay and to evaluate and criticise it before it was to be printed in the school newspaper.
2. To judge disapprovingly or to find fault with something or someone: Joseph criticized the city for the existence of the excessive traffic in his neighborhood which was caused by the construction that was going on at the main street.
, decivilizes; decivilized; decivilizing
To move from a developed society and an advanced culture to one that is of a wild or savage behavior: After centuries, the Romans were decivilized by the invading barbarians. Similar developments can also be applicable to the Egyptians and other ancient cultures.
, dehumanizes; dehumanized; dehumanizing
To treat someone as if he or she is not a normal human being: When there is a military conflict, the propaganda presentations of both sides are meant to dehumanize the opposing enemies.
, dehypnotizes; dehypnotized; dehypnotizing
To normalize someone out of a hypnotic condition: George was hypnotized by a physician for psychiatric reasons and then he was dehypnotized back to his regular state or situation.
, demilitarizes; demilitarized; demilitarizing
1. To remove or prohibit the presence of soldiers, weapons, and military installations in an area after an agreement has been made to stop military operations: In accordance between the two countries, acceptance of withdrawing all armed forces to demilitarize the region was quickly acted upon during the following months.
2. To eliminate the military character of a zone: All buildings and housing of the soldiers were removed to demilitarize the area.
3. To prohibit military forces or installations in an area: In order to demilitarize the section of the city, all bases, camps, headquarters, etc. of the armed forces were forbidden.
4. To replace military control with civilian control: To demilitarise the area, the politicians agreed on removing all armed forces and power in the area and having the city return to a normal civil life of people not connected with armed forces and services.
, demineralizes; demineralized; demineralizing
To remove minerals or mineral salts from something, such as from a bone or a liquid: To demineralize
water is done to ensure the quality and consistency of various products, as well as to ensure consistent and predictable functions of sensitive equipment.
To demineralize or to withdraw and remove the mineral content of the fluid was important for more efficient applications in the clinic.