-ectomy, -ectome, -ectomize
(Greek: a suffix; cut, excise, surgical removal of)
Craniosynostosis is a congenital (present at birth) defect that causes one or more sutures on a baby's head to close earlier than normal. Sutures are connections that separate individual skull bones. The early closing of a suture leads to an abnormally shaped head.
The main treatment for craniosynostosis is surgery which is done while the baby is still an infant.
There are different types of craniosynostosis; for example, sagittal synostosis (scaphocephaly) is the most common type. It affects the main (sagittal) suture on the very top of the head.
The early closing forces the head to grow long and narrow, instead of wide. Babies with this type of craniosynostosis tend to have a broad forehead. It is more common in boys than with girls.
The goals of surgery are: (1) Relieve any pressure on the brain. (2) Make sure there is enough room in the skull to allow the brain to grow properly. (3) Improve the appearance of the child's head.
The operation may be either an extended strip craniectomy or a subtotal calvarectomy.
2. Excision of a palpebral (eyelid or cover) canthus.
2. A surgical procedure in which all or part of an epithelial malignant tumor, or carcinoma, is removed.
The cecum (caecum), is the first portion of the large bowel, situated in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.
The cecum receives fecal material from the small bowel (ileum) which opens into it.
The word cecum comes from the Latin caecus, "blind". This refers to the fact that the bottom of the cecum is a blind pouch (a cul de sac) which doesn't go any where.
Cervicectomy is done in younger women with early cancer of the cervix. In this surgery, the cervix and the upper part of the vagina are removed but the rest of the uterus is left in place.
The lymph nodes in the pelvis are also removed, usually by keyhole laparoscopic surgery, to see if the cancer has spread.
Related cutting-word units: cast-; castrat-; -cise, -cide; mutil-; put-; sec-, seg-; temno-; -tomy; trunc-.
-Ectomy Word-Sources of Definitions