super-, supra-, sur-

(Latin: above, over; more than, excessive)

Sur- is a variation of super- developed through the French and shouldn't be confused with another assimilated sur- form that comes from sub- and means: "under, below, beneath".

In some words, super- is amplified to mean: "on top of; higher in rank or position than; superior to; greater in quality, amount, or degree than others of its kind".

superfine (adjective), more superfine; most superfine
Descriptive of something that is of exceptional refinement or quality: Martin used a superfine sandpaper in the last stages of his newly constructed bookcase.
1. Something beyond what is necessary.
2. An excessive or overabundant supply of something.
superfluous (adjective), more superfluous, most superfluous
1. Descriptive of something which is more than is necessary or required; excessive: After sorting through her wardrobe at home, Sally noticed that she had more than enough pullovers; so, she gave the superfluous ones to the used clothing store downtown.
2. A reference to that which is unnecessary or needless: Linda set the table for ten birthday party guests; however, since two guests couldn’t come, she removed the superfluous dishes and silverware from the table and put them away.
3. Relating to possessing or spending more than what is necessary; extravagant: Andy's wife loved to buy new shoes quite often; as a result, she had a superfluous collection with many more than she could ever wear.
Beyond what is desirable or needed.
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Pertaining to something that is more than is useful and which is not acceptable.
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In a superfluous manner; that is, an excess of what is required or which is sufficient.
1. Being more than is sufficient or required; excessive.
2. A situation in which something is unnecessary or not needed.
supergalaxy, supergalaxies
1. A very large group galaxy or galaxies (any of numerous large-scale aggregates of stars, gas, and dust that constitute the universe).
2. An assembly of brilliant, glamorous, or distinguished people or things: "We were able to see a galaxy of theatrical performers at the awards."
1. Above or anterior to the glottis (in front of the tongue).
2. Relating to or articulated by the speech organs anterior to the glottis (tongue).
1. To heat excessively; overheat.
2. To heat (steam or other vapor not in contact with its own liquid) beyond its saturation point at a given pressure.
3. To heat (a liquid) above its boiling point without causing vaporization.
1. Above or beyond what is human; having a higher nature or greater powers than humans have: "He was a superhuman being."
2. Exceeding ordinary human power, achievement, experience, etc.: "She made a superhuman effort to complete the novel."
1. Above or beyond what is human; having a higher nature or greater powers than humans have.
2. Exceeding ordinary human power, achievement, experience, etc.: "My parents made a superhuman effort to make sure I got a proper education."
1. Characterized by being above or beyond normal human performances; preternatural or supernatural.
2. Beyond ordinary or normal human ability, power, or experience.
superimpose (verb), superimposes; superimposed; superimposing
1. To lay or to place one thing on or over another item or unit: If Holly superimposes a triangle on another inverted or upside-down triangle, a six-pointed star will be formed.

Mr. Lange, the geography teacher, superimposed a transparent sheet showing the national boundaries over an outline of the continent of Europe.

2. To add as a different type, element, or quality: Marion, the speaker, superimposed her own interpretations when she retold the story about the author of the latest novel.
3. In movies and television, to print an image on or over another image so that both are seen at the same time: The names of those who were part of the film production were superimposed over the closing scene.

June, the editor of the book, was continually trying to superimpose her style of writing on the author's special way of expressing himself.

To put something on top of another thing.
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superimposition (s) (noun), superimpositions (pl)
1. The placing of one image on top of another: Randy and David placed a superimposition of a photograph over the other graphic of the page.
2. To add as a distinct feature, element, or quality: Mrs. Lawson's superimpositions of quotes when she retold the story to the class provided greater understanding for her students.
3. A library cataloging procedure that allows for rule changes and making new entries: Janice's first summer job assignment was the superimposition of new materials into the library catalog system.
superincumbency (s) (noun), superincumbencies (pl)
1. That which is lying or resting on something else: In the fall, Joe placed a superincumbency of leaves over the plants in the garden.
2. Those things that are situated above or overhanging someone or something else: When a person tells lies, there is always the superincumbency of the situation that he or she will be found out.
3. Something that is exerted from above; such as, pressure: The employee felt superincumbencies from his various supervisors.
4. A situation in which someone or something is lying or resting on or above an unspecified or a specific thing or place: The statue existed as a superincumbency, lying in a procumbent position on the grave.
superincumbent (adjective), more superincumbent, most superincumbent
1. Lying or resting and usually exerting pressure on something else: Jim, the biologist, noticed that there were superincumbent layers of dead plants that hindered the decomposition of other plants.
2. A reference to something that is exerted from above: There were superincumbent insistences from the production managers to increase output.

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; hyper-; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; hyper-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; total-; ultra-; undu-.