super-, supra-, sur-

(Latin: above, over; more than, excessive)

Sur- is a variation of super- developed through the French and shouldn't be confused with another assimilated sur- form that comes from sub- and means: "under, below, beneath".

In some words, super- is amplified to mean: "on top of; higher in rank or position than; superior to; greater in quality, amount, or degree than others of its kind".

superstructure (s), superstructures (pl) (noun forms)
1. The part of a building or construction entirely above its foundation or basement.
2. Any structure built on something else.
3. The overlying framework or features of an organization, institution, or system, built or superimposed on a more fundamental base.
4. Any constructions built above the main deck of a vessel as an upward continuation of the sides; a deckhouse.
5. The part of a bridge that rests on the piers and abutments.
6. Anything based on or rising from some foundation or basis; a complex ideological superstructure based on two hypotheses.
7. Physical or conceptual structures extended or developed from basic forms.
A very large, above normal, oil tanker; typically defined as a vessel designed to transport more than 500,000 dead-weight tons of oil.
supervene (verb), supervenes; supervened; supervening
1. To follow or come about unexpectedly, usually interrupting or changing what is going on; evolve: After Stella's knee operation, problems concerning the healing process supervened, causing her to miss out on school for a number of weeks.
2. To follow immediately after something: The wedding festivities supervened Jack and Heather's marriage service.
3. From Latin supervenire, literally "to come above".
supervenient (adjective), more supervenient, most supervenient
1. Relating to something that comes afterwards, as an extraneously or additionally unexpected surprise: When Maxine went to university graduation ceremony, she had a supervenient shock when the president announced that she was the most outstanding academic student of her class.
2. Etymology: from Latin supervenire, "to come above, to come upon"; from super, "above, over" + venire, "to come".
Referring to something that is unexpected or additional.

Pertaining to anything that is occurring as a surprise.
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supervention (s) (noun), superventions (pl)
1. A development or following as something extraneous, or unexpected: A supervention is an occurrence of some condition in addition to an already existing one.
2. The action of ensuing immediately after; materialization: The supervention of bacteria in the wound can occur if precautions are not observed carefully.
To oversee (a process, work, workers, etc.) during execution or performance; to superintend; to have the oversight and direction of an activity.
supervision (soo" puhr VIZH uhn) (s) (noun), supervisions (pl)
The act, process, or function of overseeing: Supervision by Mr. Johnson was absolutely necessary while the students were in one room taking their tests because he had to make sure that they didn’t copy from each other!
1. A person who supervises workers or the work done by others; superintendent.
2. In education, an official responsible for assisting teachers in the preparation of syllabuses, in devising teaching methods, etc., in a department of instruction; especially, in public schools.
3. In some U.S. states; the chief elected administrative officer of a township, who is often also a member of the governing board of the county.
Located above a bodily joint.
Located above the auricle of the ear.
In the upper part of the buccal region or above the cheek.
Above or upon a rib.
Situated above the glottis; applied to that part of the cavity of the larynx above the true vocal cords.
A reference to the area of the pharynx above the glottis as far as the epiglottis.
Situated superior to (above), or on the surface, of the liver.

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; hyper-; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; hyper-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; total-; ultra-; undu-.