super-, supra-, sur-

(Latin: above, over; more than, excessive)

Sur- is a variation of super- developed through the French and shouldn't be confused with another assimilated sur- form that comes from sub- and means: "under, below, beneath".

In some words, super- is amplified to mean: "on top of; higher in rank or position than; superior to; greater in quality, amount, or degree than others of its kind".

1. A calender with a number of rollers for giving a high finish or gloss to paper.
2. To process (paper) in a supercalender.
supercalifragilistic (adjective), more supercalifragilistic, most supercalifragilistic
Descriptive of having a day of fun: Jimmy had a supercalifragilistic day with his friends on the playgrounds near their school.
supercalifragilisticexpialidocious (soo-puhr-ka-li-fra-juh-lis-tik-eks-pi-uh-li-DO-shuhs) (adjective), more supercalifragilisticexpialidocious, most supercalifragilisticexpialidocious
1. A reference to being fantastic, extraordinarily wonderful: Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious was popularized by the movie "Mary Poppins" starring Julie Andrews and Dick van Dyke in 1964.
2. Etymology: from super-, "above"; cali-, "beauty"; fragilistic-, "delicate"; expeali-, "to atone"; and docious-, "educable"; with the sum of these parts signifying roughly "Atoning for educability through delicate beauty".

Part of the lyrics of the song Supercalifragilisticexpialidocious, was sung by Julie Andrews.

Written by Richard M. Sherman and Robert B. Sherman

Oh, supercalifragilisticexpialidocious!
Even though the sound of it
Is something quite atrocious
If you say it loud enough
You'll always sound precocious
1. A merchant-ship officer who is in charge of the cargo and the commercial concerns of the voyage.
2. Etymology: alteration of Spanish sobrecargo, sobre-, "over" + cargo, "goods carried as freight by sea, road, or air".
Situated above, or in the upper part of, the carpus (carpal bones).

The carpal bones consist of eight bones arranged in two rows that articulate proximally with the radius and indirectly with the ulna, and distally with the five metacarpal bones; in domestic mammals, the bones of the proximal row are called radial, intermediate, ulnar, and accessory, while those of the distal row are termed first, second, third, and fourth carpal bones.

The use of cavitation effects to create a large bubble of gas inside a liquid, allowing an object to travel at great speed through the liquid by being wholly enveloped by the bubble.

The cavity (the bubble) reduces the drag on the object and this makes supercavitation an advantageous technology

1. Higher than celestial; superangelic.
2. Situated above the firmament, or great vault of heaven.
supercentenarian, super-centenarian
A supercentenarian is someone who has reached the age of 110 years or more, something achieved by only one in a thousand centenarians.

About one supercentenarian in fifteen lives to 114 years or more. The term has been around from around the 1970s and was further popularized in 1991 by William Strauss and Neil Howe, in their book Generations.

Early references tend to mean simply "someone well over 100" but the 110-and-over cutoff is apparently the accepted criterion by demographers.

1. To charge with an abundant or excessive amount, as of energy, emotion, or tension.
2. To force air into an internal-combustion engine at a pressure significantly above the atmospheric pressure at the start of the compression stroke; the degree of pressure retained determines the level of supercharging.
1. Equipped with a supercharger.
2. A reference to gas or liquid; subjected to pressurization.
3. Full of energy, emotion, tension, etc.
1. A mechanism for forcing air into an internal-combustion engine in order to increase engine power.
2. A blower or compressor, usually driven by the engine, for supplying air under high pressure to the cylinders of an internal-combustion engine.
1. Of or pertaining to anything above the eyebrow.
2. Having a conspicuous line or marking over the eye, as certain birds.
3. Situated on the frontal bone at the level of the eyebrow.
supercilious (soo" pur SIL i uhs) (adjective), more supercilious, most supercilious
1. Conveying a feeling that is suggestive of contempt: Hank curled his lip in a supercilious smile when he expressed a better solution to his wife.
2. Descriptive of a person's mannerism which shows arrogant superiority to and disdain of those someone views as unworthy: Mark's mother looked at his clothes with a supercilious attitude.
3. Characteristic of someone's behavior which is disdainful or contemptuous and characterized by pride or scorn: Anyone who arches his or her eyebrows and looks down their nose at someone else is showing "a high brow" or supercilious face.
4. Etymology: from Latin super, "above" + cilium, "eyelid".

When someone raises his or her eyebrows, it doesn't necessarily mean that that person is disdainful, contemptuous, etc. Such action may also express surprise, curiosity, etc.

Conveying being lofty with pride.
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Referring to be very contemptuous and self centered.
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Descriptive of being scornful or haughty.
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superciliously (adverb), more superciliously, most superciliously
Conveying an attitude of superiority in an uncomplimentary sneering manner: Since Manfred won the Olympics gold medal, he has been superciliously behaving with his fellow athletes.
The trait of displaying arrogance by patronizing those considered inferior.

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; hyper-; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; hyper-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; total-; ultra-; undu-.