pre-, prae-

(Latin: before [both in time and place])

The prefix prae- can actually be substituted for pre- because both of them are different spellings for the same prefix meaning "before".

1. A confectionary preparation of fruit or other vegetable products preserved with sugar; jam.
2. To keep safe from harm or injury; to keep in safety, save, take care of, guard.
3. To keep alive, keep from perishing; to keep in existence, keep from decay, make lasting (a material thing, a name, a memory).
preside (verb), presides; presided; presiding
1. To be officially in charge; to hold the position of authority; act as chairperson or president: Max was appointed to preside as the chairperson of the school board.
2. To have control: to be the most powerful person or the one everyone else obeys, usually in a specific place or situation: Tom is scheduled to preside over the business when the current chairman retires.
3. To perform as instrumentalist: Mary was the featured instrumentalist at the musical performance where she presided at the organ.
4. Etymology: From Latin præsidere, "to stand guard, to superintend"; literally, "to sit in front of"; from præ-, "before" + sedere, "to sit".
presidency (s) (noun), presidencies (pl)
1. The job or function of the head of a republic, or a country leader's term of office.
2. The status, post, or function of being in charge of a company, a society, an institution, or a similar body.
president (s) (noun), presidents (pl)
1. Someone who is appointed or elected to preside over an organized body of people; such as, an assembly or meeting.
2. The chief executive of a republic.
3. The chief executive of the United States, serving as both chief of state and chief political executive.
4. The chief officer of a branch of government, corporation, board of trustees, university, or similar organization.
5. Etymology: from Latin præsidentum, præsidens, "president, governor, chosen leader of a body of people"; noun use of præsidere, "to act as head or chief"; literally, "to sit in front of"; from præ-, "before" + sedere, "to sit".
prestidigitate, prestidigitates, prestidigitated, prestidigitating (verb forms)
To perform juggling or conjuring tricks (with "fast fingers").
prestidigitation (s) (noun), prestidigitations (pl)
1. A presentation of skills when performing magic or producing magical tricks: Prestidigitations, or sleight of hands, are usually done to fool people.
2. Etymology: from Latin praesto-, "nimble" + digitus, "finger".
The performance of tricks with the hands.
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prestidigitator (s), prestidigitators (pl) (noun forms)
Someone who is capable of performing magic or conjuring tricks primarily with the fingers.
prestige (s) (noun)
1. The level of respect at which one is regarded by others; standing in society: "His career as a diplomat brought him a great deal of prestige."
2. A person's high standing among others; honor or esteem.
3. Widely recognized prominence, distinction, or importance.
4. Etymology: from Latin praestigiae, "deceptions, illusions, jugglers' tricks; dissimilated from praestrigiae from praestringere, "to bind fast, to tie up; to dull the eyesight, to dazzle"; from prae "before" and stringere, "to draw tight, to bind".
prestigious (adjective), more prestigious, most prestigious
1. Referring to an activity, an institution, a job, or an objective which is greatly respected, esteemed, distinguished, and admired: Sharon received a prestigious award from her company for her outstanding achievements.
2. Etymology: from Latin praestigious, "full of tricks", from praestigiae. "juggler's tricks" from prae-, pre-, "before" + stringere, "to tie" or "to bind".
Pertaining to having an esteemed reputation.
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presume (verb), presumes; presumed; presuming
1. To accept that something is virtually certain to be correct even though there is no proof of it, on the grounds that it is extremely likely.
2. To behave so inconsiderably, disrespectfully, or over confidently as to do something without being entitled or qualified to do it; usually used in a negative sense.

To presume means "to consider likely, to expect," or "to think to be a fact": Since Mark's firm is prosperous and his work has been very good, he presumes that he will be getting a raise very soon.

In modern usage, assume and presume are often used with the same meanings.

1. The taking upon onself of more than is warranted by one's position, right, or (formerly) ability; forward or over-confident opinion or conduct; arrogance, pride, effrontery, assurance.
2. The assuming or taking of something for granted; also, that which is presumed or assumed to be, or to be true, on probable evidence; a belief deduced from facts or experience; assumption, assumed probability, supposition, expectation.
3. In law, presumption of fact: the inference of a fact not certainly known, from known facts.
4. In law, presumption of law: the assumption of the truth of anything until the contrary is proved or an inference established by the law as universally applicable to certain circumstances.
5. A ground or reason for presuming or believing; presumptive evidence.
1. Giving reasonable grounds for presumption or belief; warranting inference.
2. Based on presumption or inference; presumed, inferred.
By presumption or inference; presumably.

Related before-word units: ante-; antero-; anti-; pro-.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; archaeo-, archeo-; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.