pre-, prae-

(Latin: before [both in time and place])

The prefix prae- can actually be substituted for pre- because both of them are different spellings for the same prefix meaning "before".

preponderant (adjective), more preponderant, most preponderant
The main thing or that which is more important or has more influence than someone or something else: There seems to be preponderant situations in which there is a lack of jobs for people all around the world.
Superior in weight, force, and strength.
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preponderate (verb), preponderates; preponderated; preponderating
Being more important or significant: When anything preponderates something else, it outweighs it in importance.

There were many kinds of animals at the local shelter; however, cats preponderated in this one.

The disadvantages of the current economy is preponderating over the advantages.

prepose (verb), preposes; preposed; preposing
1. To affix a prefix to something: Mrs. Smith told her student, Jill, that she would need to prepose "dis" to the word "cover" in order to create another word known as "discover".
2. To place a word, or words, before another one in a sentence: When writing a formal letter, be sure to prepose the title of the addressee correctly.
3. To make an advanced arrangement: Mr. and Mrs. Lawson's plans preposed Susan's suggestion that they go together to the ice rink the following day.
preposition (s) (noun), prepositions (pl)
1. A word that indicates or shows the relationship between its object (the noun or pronoun following it) and other words in a sentence: The most common prepositions show direction (through the door), time (during his sleep), and possession (with Susan's mother).

In the sentence, "Please put the glass on the table"; the word "on" is a preposition that indicates the relationship of the "glass" with the "table".

In "It will be time to catch the train in one hour", "in" is the preposition.

2. Words that, when combined with pronouns, nouns, or noun phrases, indicate positions in time or spaces, motions, agencies, relationships, or purposes: Prepositions govern their objects by deciding which words or phrases their objects may be associated with. "The houses by the road were all sold yesterday." "Road" is the object of the preposition and "by" determines that "road" will be associated with "houses".

3. Etymology: from Latin praepositionem, praepositio, "a putting before", from praepositus, past participle of praeponere, "to put before"; from prae, "before" + ponere "to put, to place, to set".
prepositional (adjective) (not comparable)
1. A word or phrase that is combined so that it is used to describe a place, a location, or a time: In the sentence, "Put the vase on top of the bookcase", the phrase "on top of" is a prepositional adjectival phrase describing the relationship or position of the vase with the bookcase.
2. A phrase that is followed by a noun or a pronoun either of which may be made of two or more elements and have modifiers: A prepositional phrase that describes a noun or a pronoun is identified as adjectival.

Examples of adjectival prepositional phrases include the following:

The painting in the corner is my favorite.

They flew a plane with twin engines.

The person on the corner with his hand raised is her brother. [with two prepositional phrases functioning as adjectives]

prepositionally (adverb), more prepositionally, most prepositionally
A phrase that modifies a verb, an adjective, or an adverb by pointing out where, when, in what manner, to what degree or to what extent:

Prepositionally modifying a verb:

We sat on the park bench. (Sat where?)
He should arrive within the hour. (Arrive when?)
Except for the border, the quilt was finished. (Was finished to what extent?)

Prepositionally modifying an adverb:

He left early in the morning. (Early when?)

A sentence that contains more than one adverbial phrase, and both of them prepositionally modify the same word [climbed]: During the cool morning hours, they climbed to the summit. (Climbed when? Climbed where?)

prepossess (verb), prepossesses; prepossessed; prepossessing
1. To preoccupy the mind to the exclusion of other thoughts or feelings.
2. To influence beforehand against or in favor of someone or something; prejudice.
3. To impress favorably in advance or beforehand.
prepossession (s) (noun), prepossessions (pl)
1. The state of being preoccupied with thoughts, opinions, or feelings.
2. An opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence.
preposterous (adjective), more preposterous, most preposterous
1. A reference to something, as a proposal or as an attempt, as being contrary to nature, reason, or common sense; absurd: It would be a preposterous idea to try to try to shovel snow with a dustpan.
2. Relating to a thing or a situation which is completely devoid of wisdom or good sense: Sally had a preposterous excuse for not going to school just because she had not done her homework assignments.
3. Etymology: from Latin praeposterus, "absurd, contrary to nature"; literally, "before-behind"; from prae-, "before" + posterus, "subsequent, coming after."
Conveying a lack of common sense.
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Descriptive of being contrary to reason.
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Characteristic of being unnatural.
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Referring to being completely ridiculous.
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1. Greater in power, influence, or force than another or others; predominant.
2. Great influence; superiority.
3. Preferential fertilization of a flower by pollen from another flower, rather than its own.
preprandial, pre-prandial
Before dinner; done, made, taken, happening, etc. before dinner.
1. Of or relating to symptoms, or to the period of time, prior to the onset of a psychosis.
2. Denoting a potential for a psychotic episode, one that appears imminent under continued stress.
prepubertal, prepubertallly, prepuberal
1. Prior to the attainment of puberty; before puberty.
2. Referring to the period of accelerated growth preceding gonadal maturity.
prepuberty (pree PYOO buhr tee) (s), prepuberties (pl)
The period of life preceding puberty; especially, the two or three years immediately before puberty.
prepubescent (pree" pyoo BES uhns), pre-pubescent
1. At or characteristic of the stage of life just before puberty.
2. A child at the stage of development just before puberty.
3. Relating to or in the period preceding puberty.
4. A reference to the period before children start to develop adult sexual characteristics.

Related before-word units: ante-; antero-; anti-; pro-.

Related "time" units: aevum, evum; archaeo-, archeo-; Calendars; chrono-; horo-; Quotes: Time; tempo-.