(Greek: a suffix; inflammation, burning sensation; by extension, disease associated with inflammation)
This suffix has come to mean "inflammation of" but originally it meant "pertaining to" or "of the". The Greek word nosos ["disease"] was either expressed or understood, although it might not be included with the basic element. For example, bursitis nosos would mean "disease of the bursa".
Periodontitis and all periodontal diseases are bacterial infections that destroy the attachment fibers and supporting bone that hold the teeth in the mouth.
Left untreated, these diseases can lead to tooth loss. The main cause of periodontal disease is a bacterial plaque, a sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on teeth.
2. Inflammation of the periosteum, a dense membrane composed of fibrous connective tissue that closely wraps (invests) all bone, except the bone of articulating surfaces in joints which are covered by synovial membranes.
The uvula is a small piece of soft tissue that can be seen dangling down from the soft palate over the back of the tongue. The uvula is described variously shaped like a U, a tear, or a grape. Its name comes from the Latin word for "grape," uva.
2. An inflammation of the tendon sheath.
Peritonitis can result from infection; such as, bacteria or parasites, injury and bleeding, or diseases; such as, systemic lupus erythematosus.
Lupus is a condition of chronic inflammation caused by an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses which occur when the body's tissues are attacked by its own immune system.
2. Inflammation of a vein which is marked by infiltration of the coats of the vein and the formation of a thrombus (vascular obstruction).
There is pain and tenderness along the course of the vein, discoloration of the skin, inflammatory swelling and acute edema (excessive amount of tissue fluid) below the obstruction, rapid pulse, mild elevation of temperature, and pain in the joints.