(Greek: a suffix; inflammation, burning sensation; by extension, disease associated with inflammation)
This suffix has come to mean "inflammation of" but originally it meant "pertaining to" or "of the". The Greek word nosos ["disease"] was either expressed or understood, although it might not be included with the basic element. For example, bursitis nosos would mean "disease of the bursa".
The conjunctival membranes react to a wide range of bacteria, viruses, allergy-provoking agents, irritants, and toxic agents.
Viral and bacterial forms of conjunctivitis are common in childhood and it is also called pinkeye and red eye.
The bacteria that most commonly cause pink eye are staphylococcus, pneumococcus, and streptococcus.
Symptoms include eye pain, swelling, redness, and a moderate to large amount of discharge, usually yellow or greenish in color.
The discharge commonly accumulates after sleep and the eyelids may be stuck together requiring a warm wash cloth applied to the eyes to remove the discharge.
On rare occasions, other vital internal organs; such as, the lungs, heart, bowels, and eyes can also be damaged.
In addition, certain internal complications including calcium deposits in damaged tissue (calcification) are seen more commonly in childhood-onset dermatomyositis; however, adults with classical dermatomyositis have a relatively greater risk of developing internal cancers in association with their dermatomyositis.
The muscles used for swallowing food can be affected by dermatomyositis resulting in a choking sensation when the patient attempts to swallow solid foods or liquids.
Some patients initially develop the skin rash but can go for 20 years or longer without experiencing muscle weakness or amyopathic dermatomyositis.
There are two forms of dermatomyositis: the classical form and the clinically amyopathic form or a-, "no" or "without", myopathic, "muscle disease".
- Classical dermatomyositis consists of a characteristic skin rash and muscle weakness most often noticed initially in the shoulders and hips.
- In clinically amyopathic dermatomyositis, the skin rash can be present for long periods of time (six months or longer) without the appearance of muscle weakness.
2. Inflammation of a diverticulum, especially inflammation related to colonic diverticula, which may undergo perforation with abscess formation; sometimes this is called left-sided or L-sided appendicitis.
2. Pain, muscular stiffness and inflammation affecting the soft tissues of the arm, legs, and trunk.