-emia, -aemia +

(Greek: a suffix; blood, usually a diseased condition of the blood)

parasitemia, parasitaemia
The presence of parasites (especially malarial parasites) in the blood.
pernicious anemia (s) (noun), pernicious anemias (pl)
A severe disorder of blood, found mostly in older adults, that results from the body's inability to absorb vitamin B12 which is essential for normal red blood cell production in the bone marrow: Symptoms of pernicious anemia include weakness, breathing difficulties, and weight loss and those who have the illness do not produce the substance called "intrinsic factor" in the stomach, which allows the body to absorb the vitamin which is also essential for normal nerve cell development.
pionemia
The presence of an emulsion of fine oil globules in the blood, sometimes found in diabetes; a form of lipemia.
pneumosepticemia (s) (noun), pneumosepticemias (pl)
A serious illness of the lungs resulting from an infection that is associated with blood poisoning: Because of Pamela's severe pneumosepticemia, she was taken to the intensive-care unit where she was given oxygen therapy and artificial ventilation by using a life-support device which made it possible for her to breathe.
polycythemia
1. A disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood.
2. Too many red blood cells which is the opposite of anemia.

Polycythemia formally exists when the hemoglobin, red blood cell count, and the total volume are all above normal.

polyemia, polyaemia
A condition marked by an excessive amount of blood in the system.
ptomainemia
The presence of one or more ptomaines in the blood.
pyrosepticemia (s) (noun), pyrosepticemias (pl)
Fever associated with an impurity in the blood: Olive’s raging pyrosepticemia was brought under control with a combination of medications and cool bathing.
sapremia, sapraemia
1. Blood poisoning caused by the toxins produced by bacterial putrefaction, as in gangrene which may result from eating putrefied matter.
2. Blood poisoning resulting from the absorption of the products of putrefaction.
3. The presence of the products of putrefaction in the bloodstream; septicemia.
septicemia, septicaemia (s) (noun); septicemias, septicaemias (pl)
1. A morbid condition of the blood, characterized by the presence and possible multiplication of pathogenic bacteria entering from a region of infection; such as, an infected wound: Septicemia is marked by chills, fever, prostration, and degenerative and inflammatory changes in the internal organs.
2. A systemic disease caused by pathogenic organisms or their toxins in the bloodstream: Also known as blood poisoning, septicemia is a condition that is caused by the spread of germs and their infective elements via the circulating blood.

Bacteria often commonly enter the bloodstream (a condition called "bacteremia" or blood poisoning), but usually only a small number of bacteria do this and so no symptoms develop of septicemia.

Most bacteria that enter the bloodstream are rapidly removed by white blood cells. Sometimes there are too many bacteria to be removed easily, and septicemia can develop.

A sickness that is widespread throughout the bloodstream is called "sepsis", or septicemia, which can cause severe symptoms of illness.

septicopyemia (s) (noun), septicopyemias (pl)
A blood malady or condition that is accompanied by multiple abscesses and secondary toxemic symptoms caused by pus-forming germs: Tim appeared to have developed septicopyemia in his legs as evidenced by the numerous areas of the fluids resulting from the inflamed tissues that were visible.
septopyemia (s) (noun), septopyemias (pl)
A contamination with pus in the bloodstream: Roger was diagnosed with a rare form of septopyemia which required antibiotics and a blood transfusion.
sickle-cell anemia, sickle-cell anaemia
1. A chronic inherited anemia that occurs primarily in individuals of African, Mediterranean, or southwest Asian ancestry who are homozygous for the gene controlling hemoglobin S and that is characterized especially by episodic blocking of small blood vessels by sickle cells.
2. A chronic hereditary form of anemia that occurs mainly in people of African descent.

It is caused by a gene inherited from both parents.

spanemia, spanaemia (British)
A condition of impoverishment of the blood; a morbid state in which the red corpuscles, or other important elements of the blood, are deficient.
spirochetemia
Presence of spirochetes in the blood.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving "blood" word units: angi-; apheresis; hemo-; hemoglobin-; phleb-; sangui-; vas-; vascul-.