dat-, dos-, dot-, dow-, don-, dit-

(Greek + Latin: dare, to give, a giving, given; a gift; to grant, to offer)

biological dose (s) (noun), biological doses (pl)
The amount of radiation absorbed in biological material: The scientist developed a way to measure the biological dose of the radiation treatment of the lump on the patient’s foot.
biological dosimetry (s) (noun) (usually only singular)
An area of science that uses the physical damage produced by radiation to estimate radiation doses: It was small comfort for the patient to know that the tissue damage sustained from the radiation was considered important for biological dosimetry.
biological effective dose; abbreviated, BED (s) (noun), biological effective doses (pl)
The amount of a substance that is sufficient to bring about some significant physiological changes in the affected organism; specifically, the level of exposure to a toxic substance that is required to produce a harmful effect: The doctors continue to study the biological effective doses of radiation that are being administered to treat the skin cancer of Mark's cousin.
committed dose (s) (noun), committed doses (pl)
A nuclear quantity that accounts for continuing exposures over long periods of time; such as, 30, 50, or 70 years: Radiation treatment is a science that requires careful study of the committed doses of treatments that are administered to determine the appropriate amounts for specific illnesses.
condonation (s) (noun), condonations (pl)
The overlooking of or an implied forgiving of an offense: The school principal agreed that the condonation by the school janitor of the students who broke the windows was a very generous gesture.
condone (verb), condones; condoned; condoning
1. To forgive or to approve of something that is considered to be wrong: When Sam’s aunt discovered that he had broken her favorite vase, she wanted to condone him because it happened accidentally and as a result he cried because he was so relieved.
2. To allow something, which is considered wrong, to continue: Articles about officials in a certain country are said to condone terrorism as described in the newspaper lately.

School officials said they would not condone the kind of behavior where children are bullied by other children.

3. Etymology: from Latin condonare, "to grant, to pardon, to forgive"; from con-, "with, together" + donare, "to give, to present."
To forgive or to overlook a misconduct.
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To ignore some bad behavior.
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Dat Deus incrementum. (Latin motto)
God giveth the increase: The motto Dat Deus incrementum, the motto of Westminster School, is carved over the entry arch of the school.
Dat eleemosynam et ecce omnia munda sunt vobis. (Latin motto)
Translation: "Give alms and lo, all pure things are yours!"

Someone was told that the motto of Wyggesden School, Leicester, U.K., Dat eleemosynam et ecce omnia munda sunt vobis must be memorized by all the students before they are allowed to graduate.

Dat veniam corvis, vexat censura columbas. (Latin Motto)
Our censors are indulgent to the crows, but harass the doves: From Decimus Iunius (Junius) Iuvenalis (Juvenalis) (c. A.D. 60-117); Saturae, I, 63; who attacked the vices of the plutocrats, the wickedness and immorality of women and foreigners (particularly Greeks), and laments the decline of the ancient aristocratic virtues.

The editor of the newspaper titled the lead editorial, Dat veniam corvis, vexat censura columbas because it was a statement of her opinion of the city officials who sought to censor her newspaper.

data field (s) (noun), data fields (pl)
An area of memory on an RFID (Radio-frequency identification) microchip that is assigned to a particular type of information: Data fields may be protected or they may be written over, so a data field might contain information about where an item should be sent.
data field protection (s) (noun), data field protections (pl)
The ability to prevent data stored in a specific area of memory of an RFID (Radio-frequency identification) microchip from being overwritten: Some companies use the data field protection device to store an Electronic Product Code, which doesn't change during the life of the product it's associated with.

data transfer rate (s) (noun), data transfer rates (pl)
The number of characters that can be moved from an RFID (Radio-Frequency Identification) tag to a reader within a given time: The measure of data transfer rate or the speed with which a computer device transmits information are also used to quantify how fast readers can read the information on the RFID tag.

Data transfer rate differs from the "read rate" which refers to how many tags can be read within a given period of time.

date (s) (noun), dates (pl)
date (verb), dates; dated; dating
1. To mark something with a date, usually the current date: "William had to sign and to date the contract before he could receive the product."
2. To find out, or to state, the time or period when something was made: "The archeologist used the latest technology to date the recent discovery in the dig in the farmer’s field."
3. To have an origin in a particular time in the past: "Phil and Tod have family records dating back to the World War I."
4. To reveal the age of someone or something; or to make someone, or something, seem old-fashioned: "Janine's clothes date her age."
5. To go out regularly with someone as a romantic partner: "Mary and Martin dated for two years before they got married."
6. Etymology: the meaning of "time" is from about 1330, from Old French date; from Middle Latin data, noun use of feminine singular of Latin datus, "given" past participle of dare, "to give, to grant, to offer".

The Roman convention of closing every article of correspondence by writing "given" and the day and month, meaning "given to messenger", led to data becoming a term for "the time (and place) stated".

The meaning "to give" is also the root of the grammatical dative (Middle English), the case of "giving".

Dateline in the journalism sense is attested from 1888. The phrase "up to date" (1890) is from bookkeeping. Dated, "old-fashioned", is attested from 1900. Date (noun), "romantic liaison" is from 1885, gradually evolving from the general sense of "appointment"; the verb in this sense is first recorded in 1902.

datum (s) (noun), data (pl)
Information, a fact, a figure, etc. used to make a decision or to come to a result: Data are known or assumed; such as, facts or figures from which a conclusion, or conclusions, can be determined.

Although rarely used properly, if at all, datum should be expressed in the singular sense, for example: "There is one datum on this page that is not correct."

Using the word "fact" instead of datum probably would make one's writing easier to understand and decrease anxiety about the proper use of datum.

Data, as the plural of datum, requires a plural verb in Latin and in English."

People often read; especially, in technical, scientific, and business writings; such usages as, "The data is inconclusive." It should be: "These or Those data are inconclusive."

Pointing to a page about doses and medical dosage Another term used for medical dosage can be seen at this posology page.