(From Latin: "to, toward, a direction toward, an addition to, near, at"; and changes to: "ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, aq-, ar-, as-, at-" and ad- is also combined with certain words that begin with the letters c, f, g, l, n, p, q, r, s, and t.)

The Latin element ad carries the idea of "in the direction of" and combines with many Latin words and roots to make common English words.

ad rem (adverb) (Latin) (not comparable)
To the thing.

Translation: "to the matter at hand; to the point; relevant"
Ad rem can be presented in various ways. This phrase contrasts with ad hominem in that debaters who argue ad rem address the matter at hand in order to score points in the debate. Debaters who argue ad hominem personally attack their opponents to score points.

ad saturandum, ad sat. (Latin)
To saturation.
Ad summum. (Latin)
At the highest; at the utmost.

Motto of the University of Alaska, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA.

ad unguem (Latin)

Literally, "to a fingernail": Ad unguem is used to convey the thought of accomplishing something well or precisely.

In ancient times, a sculptor would test the smoothness of a finished surface by running a fingernail over it.

ad unum (Latin)

Literally, "all to one"; "unanimously": During the staff meeting at school all the teachers voted ad unum to have following day off!

ad usum externum, ad us. exter. (Latin)
For external use.

Dr. Smith told Agatha that the medicine was only for ad unum externum and never to swallow it!

ad usum; ad us. (Latin)
According to usage.

When Bill read the directions on the package, it mentioned to apply it ad unum for the plants and nothing else.

Ad utrumque paratus. (Latin)
Ready for either eventuality or alternative.

A mature person is ready to cope with any eventuality, including the final one; "Prepared for the worst."

Ad utrumque paratus is used as a motto on the seal of Lund University, for the Spanish Navy Submarine force, and is also located at the entrance of the Submarine School in Cartagena's Naval Station in Spain.

Compare with semper paratus.

ad valorem (ad vuh LOH ruhm); ad val., ad v., a/v; ad valorem tax (Latin)
Translation: "According to value or per unit of value, meaning that it is divided by the price."

Many states and federal governments tax energy extraction in this manner.

Ad valorem also refers to taxes as "In proportion to invoiced value of goods." A term used when imposing customs and stamp duty, the duty increasing according to the value of the transaction of goods involved.

ad verbum (Latin)
To the word.

This is the Latin equivalent of "verbatim". There are several other Latin expressions for "word-for-word", including "e verbo", "de verbo", and "pro verbo". These probably referred to the problems of making accurate copies before printing was invented.

Ad vindictam tardus, ad beneficientiam velox. (Latin)
Translation: "Punish slowly, do good quickly."

Motto of Henry I (918-936) who forced the dukes of Bavaria and Swabia to recognize his authority. He protected Saxony against the Slavs by building several fortresses and by creating a powerful cavalry which he used to defeat the invading Magyars on the Unstrut River in 933.

King Henry succeeded in annexing the key Carolingian realm of Lorraine to the east Franconian realm. He is regarded as the actual founder of the German Empire.

Ad virtutem per sapientiam. (Latin)
Translation: "To virtue through wisdom."

Motto of Castle Jr. College, Windham, New Hampshire, USA.

ad vitam (Latin)
To or for life; to eternal life.

A legal term found in some wills, meaning, "for use only during a person's life."

ad, add (s) (noun); ads, adds (pl)
ad (AD) (noun)
Short for advertisement: Jim's employer placed an ad in the paper for additional workers.
add (AD) (verb)
1. To find the sum of numbers or quantities: Shane and Clara tried to add the total number of people who were at the party.
2. To go on to say or to write more: Helen said goodbye and wanted to add that she had a pleasant visit with Darren and Yvonne.
3. To join one thing to another so as to increase the number, quantity, or the importance of something: Lynn decided to add a new wing to her house.

Francisco and Thelma placed an ad in the paper because they wanted to add a pool to their yard; however, after they decided to add all of the expenses, they found it much more feasible to invest in a wading pool instead.

adage (s) (noun), adages (pl)
1. A traditional saying expressing a common experience or observation; a proverb: The village elder used many adages to illustrate his stories about the people who had lived in the area.
2. A saying that sets forth a general truth and which has gained credit through long use: Benjamin Franklin, an historical figure in United States History, often used a simple adage to illustrate his talks; for example, "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man (person) healthy, wealthy, and wise."
3. Etymology: formed Latin adagium, "proverb, saying" from ad, "to" + agi, "to say, to speak".
A saying that has had long-term usage.
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