pan-, panto-, pant-

(Greek: all, every, entire; always)

panchreston (s) (noun), panchrestons (pl)
1. An explain-all term that fits all cases equally well: for example, the reason for doing something is "because it's there" is a panchreston response that covers just about anything.
2. A proposed explanation intended to address a complex problem by trying to account for all possible contingencies but typically proving to be too broadly conceived and therefore oversimplified to be of any practical use.
panchromatic (adjective), more panchromatic, most panchromatic
In photography, sensitive (though not equally so) to light of all colors in the visible range.
panchronic (adjective) (not comparable)
1. Pertaining to or designating linguistic study applied to all languages at all stages of their development.
2. Relating to not being restricted to a specific point in time.
pancolectomy (s) (noun), pancolectomies (pl)
A surgical excision or removal of the entire colon.
pancratic (adjective), more pancratic, most pancratic
A reference to having a mastery of all kinds of subjects or matters at hand.
pancreas (s) (noun), pancreases (pl)
1. A long, irregularly shaped gland in vertebrates, lying behind the stomach, that secretes pancreatic juice into the duodenum and insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin into the bloodstream.
2. A gland, situated near the stomach, that secretes a digestive fluid into the intestine through one or more ducts and also secretes the hormone insulin.
3. Etymology: literally, "entirely flesh"; a soft, fleshy, mallet-shaped organ that forms two different glandular elements situated behind the stomach.

More Details about the Pancreas

The pancreas is a fish-shaped spongy grayish-pink organ about six inches (15 cm) long that stretches across the back of the abdomen, behind the stomach.

The head of the pancreas is on the right side of the abdomen and is connected to the duodenum (the first section of the small intestine). The narrow end of the pancreas, called the tail, extends to the left side of the body.

The pancreas makes juices and hormones, including insulin. The pancreatic juices are enzymes that help digest food in the small intestine. Insulin controls the amount of sugar in the blood.

As pancreatic juices are made, they flow into the main pancreatic duct. This duct joins the common bile duct, which connects the pancreas to the liver and the gallbladder. The common bile duct, which carries bile (a fluid that helps digest fat), connects to the small intestine near the stomach.

The pancreas is considered to be a compound gland. It is "compound" in the sense that it is composed of both exocrine and endocrine tissues.

The exocrine function of the pancreas involves the synthesis and secretion of pancreatic juices.

The endocrine function resides in the million or so cellular islands (the islets of Langerhans) embedded between the exocrine units of the pancreas. Beta cells of the islands secrete insulin, which helps control carbohydrate metabolism. Alpha cells of the islets secrete glucagon that counters the action of insulin.

The islets of Langerhans were named for Paul Langerhans, a German anatomist, 1847–1888. Langerhans discovered these cells during his studies for his doctorate at the Berlin Pathological Institute in 1869.

pancyclopedic (adjective), more pancyclopedic, most pancyclopedic
Pertaining to the whole circle of science.
pandect (s) (noun), pandects (pl)
1. A set of documents containing all the laws of a country or society.
2. A comprehensive treatise on a subject.

Pandects are compilations of Roman law consisting of selected passages from the writings of the most authoritative of the older jurists, methodically arranged, prepared by Tribonian with the assistance of sixteen associates, under a commission from the emporor Justinian.

This work comprises fifty books, and is one of the four great works composing the Corpus Juris Civilis. It was first published in A.D. 533, when Justinian gave it the force of law.

pandemia (s) (noun), pandemias (pl)
Of or belonging to all of the people, public, general: A pandemia results in a global epidemic because of modern transportation methods which can eventually cause a universal state of emergency.
pandemic (adjective), more pandemic, most pandemic
1. Pertaining to something that is prevalent over the whole of a country or continent, or over the whole world; distinguished from epidemic, which may imply or indicate limitations to a smaller area: Most people on earth have a pandemic horror of a war breaking out and destroying their lives.
2. Relating to illnesses that affect the majority of a population in a large region; such as, a disease that is widespread at the same time in many parts of the world: AIDS is currently considered to be a pandemic problem, but this term has also traditionally included such disorders as cholera, plague, and influenza.

3. Etymology: from 1666 which came from Greek pandemos, "pertaining to all people"; from pan-, "all" + demos, "people".
A reference to something that is prevalent or general over all of the people of a country or area.
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pandemicity (s) (noun), pandemicities (pl)
1. Something that is spread over an entire country or the whole world: A disease, such as influenza, may become a pandemicity, or ailment, that is suffered by multitudes of people in many parts of the world.
2. Etymology: from Greek pan-, "all, entirely" + demos, "people".
pandemonium (s) (noun), pandemoniums (pl)
1. A place of wild disorder or lawless confusion: The term pandemonium was coined (created) by John Milton as the name for the capital of Hell in his poem "Paradise Lost", in 1667; in which he wrote: "Meanwhile the winged heralds . . . throughout the host proclaim a solemn council forthwith to be held at Pandaemonium, the high capital of Satan and his peers."

The modern use of pandemonium for “uproar, chaos; noisy and chaotic” came about in the mid-nineteenth century.

When capitalized, Pandemonium refers to the capital of Hell; and when it is written in lower case, it refers to “noisy and chaotic”.

2. Etymology: John Milton formed the word from the Greek prefix pan-, “all” and daimon, “demon”; hence, “place of all the demons”.
Pandora (s) (noun) (no plural)
1. Pandora means "gifts from all" and was so named because "all of the gods" had contributed (gifts) to her creation and beauty.
2. In Greek mythology, the first mortal woman created by the gods, who was sent to earth with a jar (or box) full of evils with the purpose of avenging Prometheus' theft of fire.

Pandora opened the jar out of curiosity; therefore, releasing the evils (disease, labor, pain, and many others) into the world and although she tried to close the lid as quickly as she could, the only thing she could keep from escaping was hope.

panegyric (s) (noun), panegyrics (pl)
1. A formal eulogistic composition intended as a public compliment: A panegyric is a speech or a piece of writing that praises someone or something.
2. Etymology: from French panegyrique, via Latin from Greek panegurikos, "of public assembly"; from pan, "all" + aguris, "assembly".
Praise that is spoken or written about a person or an event.
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A verbal or written praise about someone.
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panencephalitis (s) (noun) (no plural)
A diffuse inflammation of the brain affecting both the gray and white matter of the brain, resulting in the progressive loss of all the mental and motor functions: Panencephalitis is a rare form of chronic progressive brain inflammation caused by measles virus which primarily affects children and young adults.

Related "all, every" word unit: omni-.