algesi-, alge-, alges-, algesio-, algi-, algio-, -algesia, -algesic, -algetic, -algic, -algia, -algy

(Greek: pain, sense of pain; painful; hurting)

Used actively in medical terminology to denote a condition of sensitivity to pain as specified by the combining root.

electroanalgesia
1. Analgesia induced by using an electric current or the use of an electric current to relieve pain.
2. Relief from pain by the application of low-intensity electric currents locally or through implanted electrodes.

It may involve stimulation of brain or spinal cord structures through indwelling electrodes, or stimulation of a peripheral nerve.

encelialgia
Pain located in any of the abdominal viscera or abdominal cavity.
encephalalgia
A deep-seated head pain; a severe headache.
enteralgia
Severe abdominal pain accompanying spasm of the bowel; also, enterdynia, enterodynia.
enteroalgia
Intestinal pain.
eparsalgia, epersalgia
Pain and soreness from overuse or unaccustomed use of a part; such as, a joint or muscle.
epicondylalgia
Pain in an epicondyle of the humerus or in the tendons or muscles originating therefrom.
epigastralgia
Pain in the epigastric region or the area above the stomach between the right and left hypochondriac regions (the anatomic area of the upper abdomen just below (Greek hypo, "below") the cartilage (Greek chondros, "cartilage" or the rubbery tissue) between the ribs.

Hypochondriasis was thought by the ancients to be caused by the disturbed function of the spleen and other organs in the upper abdomen.

erythralgia
1. A mottled reddening of the skin, usually accompanied by throbbing pain.
2. A skin disorder characterized by a painful burning sensation, raised skin temperature, and redness, generally of the lower limbs.
erythralgia; rodonalgia
Painful redness of the skin; especially of the extremities, with burning pain, and increased skin temperature and redness.
erythromelalgia, erythermalgia
1. Throbbing and burning pain in the skin often brought about by exertion or heat, affecting the hands and feet, accompanied by a mottled redness of the parts with increased skin temperature.
2. A rare disorder of middle age, characterized by paroxysmal attacks of severe burning pain, reddening, hyperalgesia and sweating, involving one or more extremities, usually both feet; the attacks can be triggered by heat, and are usually relieved by cold and limb elevation.
3. A disease affecting the feet and sometimes the hands, marked by paroxysmal, bilateral vasodilation with burning pain, increased skin temperature, and redness.
erythroprosopalgia
A disorder similar to erythromelalgia (burning pain in the skin), but with the pain and redness occurring in the face.
esophagalgia
A rarely used term for pain in the esophagus. Also, esophagodynia
fecanalgia
Pain caused by elimination of large and hard fecal masses.
fibromyalgia
A syndrome characterized by chronic pain, stiffness, and tenderness of muscles, tendons, and joints without detectable inflammation.

Fibromyalgia does not cause body damage or deformity; however, undue fatigue plagues the large majority of patients with fibromyalgia and sleep disorders are common.

It is considered an arthritis-related condition; but,it is not a form of arthritis (a disease of the joints) since it does not cause inflammation in the joints, muscles, or other tissues or damage them.

Fibromyalgia can (like arthritis) cause significant pain and fatigue and it can similarly interfere with a person's ability to carry on daily activities.


You may take self-scoring quizzes over some of the words in this unit by going to Algesi Quiz to check your word knowledge of these words.