path-, patho-, -path-, -pathia, -pathic, -pathology, -pathetic, -pathize, -pathy

(Greek: feeling, sensation, perception; suffering, disease, or disorder; a system of treating diseases)

In medicine, some of these elements usually mean "someone who suffers from a disease of, or one who treats a disease"; so, they should not be confused with the words that mean "feeling" which are also shown on these pages even though both meanings come from the same Greek element.

sympathoblastoma, sympathicoblastoma
A neuroblastoma (sarcoma or tumor of the nervous system) arising in one of the ganglia (small, usually hard bumps above a tendon or in the capsules that enclose joints) of the sympathetic nervous system
A single cell of the kind referred to collectively as sympathogonia or primitive cells of the sympathetic nervous system.
sympathogonia (pl)
Primitive cells of the sympathetic nervous system derived from neuroblasts of the neural crest.

They have dense nuclei, rich in chromatin, and only a thin rim of cytoplasm, and differentiate to form along one line ganglion cells and along another line chromaffin cells.

sympathogonioma, neuroblastoma
A leading childhood form of cancer that arises in the adrenal gland or in tissue in the nervous system that is related to the adrenal gland.

It is considered to be the most common solid tumor outside the brain in infants and children.

sympathogonium (s)
Undifferentiated embryonic cells that develop into sympathetic nerve cells.
1. Denoting antagonism (interaction between chemicals in which one partially or completely inhibits the effect of the other) to or inhibition of adrenergic nerve activity.
1. A description of a drug that stimulates the sympathetic nervous system or produces physiological effects similar to it.
2. Producing effects resembling those of impulses transmitted by the postganglionic fibers of the sympathetic nervous system.
sympathy, sympathize
1. Sharing of a compassion for another person’s thoughts, feelings, and experiences.
2. An influence produced in any organ by disease or disorder in another part.
3. A relation which exists between the mind and the body, causing the one to be affected by the other.

1. What a girl offers to another in exchange for details.
2. A quality that’s never wasted except when you give it to yourself.
3. What you give to someone when you don’t want to loan him/her any money.
—Based on quotes by Evan Esar
Any disease caused by syphilis.
Suffering caused by the same thing as was habitually used previously.
A reference to the ability to know what is in someone else's mind or to communicate with that person mentally, without using words or other physical signals
1. Anyone who utilizes extrasensory perception of his, or her, mental activities with another person.
2. Someone who communicates through methods other than the normal senses, as by the exercise of mystical powers.
To practice, to communicate nonverbally, or to conduct, telepathy; that is, knowledge of, or response to, an external thought or objective event not achieved as the result of stimulation of the normal sense organs.
telepathy (s) (noun), telepathies (pl)
1. Communication directly from one person's mind to another's without speech, writing, or other typical signs or symbols: “You must have been reading my mind,” Ruth said to her sister Holly on the phone. “I was just about to call you and then the phone rang and you were there! This must be an instance of telepathy!”
2. The ability to connect directly by psychic means with others via thoughts, feelings, or emotions at a distance without using normal sensations: June couldn’t explain why, but she had a definite sense that her twin brother, who lived about 1,000 miles away, needed her help and wanted her to come. She had heard about such communication by extra sensory means and decided this had to be telepathy.
The transference of thoughts or commands from one mind to another one.
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Mental communications someone without the usual physical channels.
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Any disease of the testes.

Quiz You can find self-scoring quizzes over many of the words in this subject area by going to this Vocabulary Quizzes page.