philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

A shallow or pseudo-philosophy.
philosopher (s) (noun), philosophers (pl)
Anyone who studies and tries to explain the meanings of all kinds of issues that exist in the lives of people: A philosopher often makes efforts to present an extensive understanding about life, scholarly studies, and systems of convictions.
Philosophia pietati ancillans.
Philosophy in service to piety.

Motto of Hanover College, Hanover, Indiana, USA.

Philosophiae Doctor; Ph.D.
Doctor of Philosophy.
The average Ph.D. thesis is nothing but a transference of bones from one graveyard to another.
—J. Frank Dobie
philosophic (adjective), more philosophic, most philosophic
1. Pertaining to an explanation of the concepts of the meanings of life and of whatever is best: Whenever Tom was in a philosophic mood, he always looked very thoughtful and was concerned about how he could help others who were having difficult problems.
2. Referring to a conception of thoughts about the best way to live or how to accomplish important objectives: Carol had philosophic procedures for being successful in achieving something that is of value or worthwhile.
3. Characterizing a quiet and sensible frame of mind; being reasonable and sensible: It was good that Lisa had such a philosophic attitude of calmness when she was told that she would have to wait a little longer until the mechanic could finish repairing the water pump in her car.
Sensibly calm or composed in a difficult situation.
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philosophical (adjective), more philosophical, most philosophical
Descriptive of claiming universal knowledge: There are some philosophical people who are convinced that they are well-informed and understand or can explain everything.
philosophical pessimism
A description of a tendency to believe that life has negative values, or that this world is as bad as it can possibly be.
philosophize (verb), philosophizes; philosophized; philosophizing
1. To reflect or to speculate about serious topics of life sometimes in a boring or pretentious way: Many of the students in the seminar were almost going to sleep because the professor was philosophizing in a very monotonous voice about the meaning of life.
2. To ponder or think about a system of moral principles, usually in a serious way for a long time: After teaching for about 25 years, Mr. Jackson philosophized about the importance of preparing students for more productive lives.
To theorize in a superficial or incorrect manner.
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philosophobia (s) (noun) (no plural)
A strong mistrust of philosophy or of philosophers: Jessica was very apprehensive of the wisdom of understanding the nature of art, love, ethics, the universe, etc. thinking that it didn't help her in her life at all, and her friends considered her to be afflicted with philosophobia!
philosophunculist (s) (noun), philosophunculists (pl)
Anyone who tries to impress other people with his or her knowledge which actually is a pretense and not the real thing.
philosophy (s) (noun), philosophies (pl)
Supposedly the study of ideas about truth and the nature and meaning of life: Greg's philosophy is to "live and let live".

As a lexicographer, John's philosophy is to provide a dictionary with contents about entries that people can actually understand without being confused with the use of the another form of the same word to define it; for example, "an alcoholic is someone who drinks alcohol" or "an anthropologist is someone who studies anthropology".

Someone once wrote that philosophy is a system where both the speaker and the listener, to whom he is speaking, do not understand each other.

The early Greeks named their manner of studying the universe philosophia which is now understood to be philosophy, meaning "lover of knowledge" or, in a free translation, "the desire to know".

Fond of or devoted to the arts; especially, the industrial arts.
philothaumaturgic (adjective), more philothaumaturgic, most philothaumaturgic
A reference to having a fondness for works of wonder or miracles.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.