philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

In biology, dwelling in stony fields.
phengophilous (adjective), more phengophilous, most phengophilous
In biology, pertaining to thriving in, or having an affinity for, light: The varieties of phengophilous cactus plants in the greenhouse were growing very well in the hot sunshine.
Philadelphia (proper noun)
1. An ancient city of Asia Minor northeast of the Dead Sea in modern-day Jordan: As the chief city of the Ammonites, it was enlarged and embellished by Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-246 B.C.) and named in honor of him. Amman, the capital of Jordan, is now on the site.
2. The largest city of Pennsylvania, in the southeast part of the state on the Delaware River; City of Brotherly Love: Philadelphia was founded as a Quaker colony by William Penn in 1681 on the site of an earlier Swedish settlement.

The First and Second Continental Congresses (1774 and 1775-1776) and the Constitutional Convention (1787) met in the city, which served as the capital of the United States from 1790 to 1800.

Someone who loves to forget.
philalethist (fil" uh LEE thist) (s) (noun), philalethists (pl)
A lover of or a fondness for truth: Tom's grandmother certainly was a philalethist because she always knew when he wasn’t being honest as a child; so, she put a great amount of emphasis on being truthful and sincere herself and expecting this from others as well.
A person who loves the truth.
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1. To carry on an affair; especially, an extramarital affair, with a woman one cannot or does not intend to marry.
2. To engage in many love affairs, especially with a frivolous or casual attitude.
3. Philanderer actually means "a lover of men" or of "one's husband", but a mistake was made in the adoption from the Greek and a different meaning was applied (according to David Muschell).
philanthropic (adjective), more philanthropic, most philanthropic
Of, relating to, or marked by humanitarianism: After Janet's father retired from teaching, he decided to help people who were illiterate by tutoring them in his home and he also decided to organize and to provide a beautiful garden for the blind because he was a philanthropic person who was always trying to help those in need.
Loving mankind by being generous and wanting to help others.
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Conveying generosity for others.
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philanthropy (s) (noun), philanthropies
1. The effort or inclination to increase the well-being of humankind, as by charitable aid or donations: Jeffrey wanted so much to join and work with Amnesty International after seeing and reading about the suffering of people throughout the world and so his act of philanthropy was well received when he applied for a job with the organization.
2. Love of humankind in general: Jack and Susan were quite involved in collecting donations and organizing the rebuilding of the school which had recently been destroyed by a fire and others in the community were quite impressed by their philanthropy and so they joined in to help.
3. An activity or institution which is intended to promote human welfare: The Red Cross is one of the better known philanthropies which helps those who are in need of immediate medical assistance.
An effort to improve the well-being of people with aid and donations showing a love for people.
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philatelist (s) (noun), philatelists (pl)
A person who collects postage stamps and related material referring to their history: Since June collects mailing stamps from all over the world, she is considered to be a real philatelist!
Someone who collects and studies postage stamps.
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A collector of postage stamps.
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Self-love; selfishness.
philecology (s) (noun), philecologies (pl)
A desire or an effort to increase the well-being of the world's ecology or environment: Philecology is a fondness for a better biosphere for the earth.
Greek Mythology. A poor elderly man who, with his wife Baucis, treated the disguised Zeus so hospitably that as a reward their humble cottage was transformed into a magnificent temple.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.