philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

A person who has an abnormal preference for darkness or night.
In biology, dwelling and thriving in oceanic habitats.
Thriving on banks.
In biology, thriving on banks.
1. In psychiatry, a term for the person with a type of primitive two-person relationship in which the subject is clingingly dependent on an overvalued object and is unable to make any move toward independence.
2. A smothering, obsessive partner.
oenophil, enophil (EE nuh fil") (s) (noun); oenophils, enophils (pl)
Someone who enjoys wine or who is an expert judge in matters of taste: Many oenophils flocked to the local grape festival.
oenophile, enophile (EE nuh fighl") (s) (noun); oenophiles, enophiles (pl)
1. A special love of, or fondness for, wine; including collecting it and drinking it: Ted was an oenophile who had a large cellar with an abundance of bottles of fermented grape juice from around the world.
2. Etymology: from Greek oinos, "wine" + Greek philo, "loving or having a fondness for something or someone".
oenophilist, enophilist (ee NAHF i list) (s) (noun); oenophilists, enophilists (pl)
Someone who loves wine or who knows a great deal about it: Greg completed his training to be a oenophilist and received his sommelier (chef de cuisine) certificate and now is able to recommend vintages to the patrons in the dining room of the 5-star hotel.
Anyone who loves wine very much.
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A lover of wine.
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oenophily, enophily (ee" NAHF i lee) (s) (noun); oenophilies, enophilies (pl)
A condition that involves a fondness for collecting and drinking various kinds of wine: Mary’s next-door neighbor is known for her oenophily because she often attends trade shows exhibiting grape beverages from around the world.
Having an affinity for oils or oily materials; readily absorbing oil.
A creature that thrives in habitats having a low nitrogen content.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.