philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

nyctophilist
A person who has an abnormal preference for darkness or night.
nyctophily
oceanophile
oceanophilous
In biology, dwelling and thriving in oceanic habitats.
oceanophily
ochthophile
Thriving on banks.
ochthophilous
In biology, thriving on banks.
ochthophily
ocnophile
1. In psychiatry, a term for the person with a type of primitive two-person relationship in which the subject is clingingly dependent on an overvalued object and is unable to make any move toward independence.
2. A smothering, obsessive partner.
oenophil, enophil (EE nuh fil") (s) (noun); oenophils, enophils (pl)
Someone who enjoys wine or who is an expert judge in matters of taste: Many oenophils flocked to the local grape festival.
oenophile, enophile (EE nuh fighl") (s) (noun); oenophiles, enophiles (pl)
1. A special love of, or fondness for, wine; including collecting it and drinking it: Ted was an oenophile who had a large cellar with an abundance of bottles of fermented grape juice from around the world.
2. Etymology: from Greek oinos, "wine" + Greek philo, "loving or having a fondness for something or someone".
oenophilist, enophilist (ee NAHF i list) (s) (noun); oenophilists, enophilists (pl)
Someone who loves wine or who knows a great deal about it: Greg completed his training to be a oenophilist and received his sommelier (chef de cuisine) certificate and now is able to recommend vintages to the patrons in the dining room of the 5-star hotel.
Anyone who loves wine very much.
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A lover of wine.
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oenophily, enophily (ee" NAHF i lee) (s) (noun); oenophilies, enophilies (pl)
A condition that involves a fondness for collecting and drinking various kinds of wine: Mary’s next-door neighbor is known for her oenophily because she often attends trade shows exhibiting grape beverages from around the world.
oleophilic
Having an affinity for oils or oily materials; readily absorbing oil.
oligonitrophile
A creature that thrives in habitats having a low nitrogen content.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.