philo-, phil-, -phile, -philia, -philic, -philous, -phily, -philiac, -philist, -philism

(Greek: love, loving, friendly to, fondness for, attraction to; strong tendency toward, affinity for)

These are just a few of the meanings set up for the etymological meanings of philo- which comes to us from Greek.

In biology, there are many words that use philo-, phil- to mean "thriving in such and such a place or situation; or exhibiting a tendency for a specified condition" for its existence.

Other meanings include: "strongly attracted to; such as, an organism that loves or is strongly attracted to something which is specified".

In psychology and psychiatry, -phile, -philia, etc. use this element as a word termination indicating an abnormal craving or attraction to or an affinity for an object as shown by the word stems to which they are affixed.

Thriving in sewers and drains.
A collector of butterflies. Also known as lepidopterology.
1. A description of butterflies and moths which pollinate plants.
2. A special attraction to, or fondness for, butterflies.
A reference to plants which are pollinated by butterflies and moths.
lexiconophilia (s) (noun), lexiconophilias (pl)
A strong love of dictionaries, web sites, and other sources of information about words or vocabulary information: The sources of lexiconophilia involve many people who spend a great deal of time striving to increase their word knowledge.

There are various lexiconophilias that exist in various languages.

lexiconophilist (s) (noun), lexiconophilists (pl)
A person who collects dictionaries and related books about words because he or she has a fondness for vocabulary.
In biology, thriving on, or having an affinity for, lichens or lichen-rich habitats.
lignophile (s) (noun), lignophiles (pl)
In biology, something that thrives in or on wood.
Quiz button #1 You may take a self-scoring quiz over some of the words in this section by just clicking this Philo Quiz #1 link.

Related "love, fondness" units: agape-; amat-; vener-; venus.