grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

apograph (s) (noun), apographs (pl)
An exact copy or transcript of a document or a written message.
archeography (s) (noun), archeographies (pl)
A systematic description of antiquities or ancient items or situations: Mr. and Mrs. Dawson were both involved in archeography and preparing reports and treaties about historical times for publishing.
arcograph (s) (noun), arcographs (pl)
1. An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.
2. In geometry: An instrument for drawing arcs, having a flexible arc-shaped part adjusted by an extensible straight bar connecting its sides.
areographic (adjective), more, most areographic
A reference to the scientific study of the planet Mars' geographical features or the geography of the planet Mars.
areography (s) (noun), areographies (pl)
A written description of the physical features of the planet Mars.
arteriographic (adjective), more arteriographic, most arteriographic
1. A reference to the systematic description of the body arteries.
2. Characterized by the visualization of an artery or arteries by x-ray imaging after an injection of a radiopaque contrast medium.
arteriography (s) (noun), arteriographies (pl)
1. A systematic description of the arteries.
2. Visualization of an artery or arteries by x-ray imaging after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium.
arthrography (s) (noun), arthrographies (pl)
A systematic description of the joints based on X-rays after injecting one or more contrast media: Dr. Black, the radiologist, charted Janet's recovery based on the arthographies which were taken every two weeks during her recovery period.
arthropneumoradiography (s) (noun), arthropneumoradiographies (pl)
An X-ray examination of a joint after it has been injected with air: The lab technician was able to read the arthropneumoradiographies which were taken after Henry broke his leg so it could be determined what was necessary to properly treat the injury.
astrograph (s) (noun), astrographs (pl)
A photographic telescope, usually with a field of view of at least one degree across.
astrographic (adjective), more astrographic, most astrographic
1. Relating to the mapping of the sky.
2. A reference to the science of star descriptions.
astrography (s) (noun), astrographies (pl)
1. The mapping of the heavens.
2. The science involving the descriptions of the stars.
astronomical photography (s) (noun), astronomical photographies (pl)
The use of photographs to record extraterrestrial objects in order to study their surface features, positions, motions, radiation, ans spectra.
astronomical spectrograph (s) (noun), astronomical spectrographs (pl)
A spectroscope in which the spectra of stars and other celestial objects are recorded on photographic film.

A spectroscope is an instrument for dispersing light; usually, light in the visible range, into a spectrum in order to measure it; such as, a continuous distribution of colored light produced when a beam of white light is dispersed into its components; for example, by a prism.

astrophotograph (s) (noun), astrophotographs (pl)
Photography which is used in astronomical investigations.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.