grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

An instrument for recording graphically the movements of the stomach.
1. A person who specializes in geographical research, delineation, and study.
2. Someone who scientifically studies the surface of the earth, including such aspects as its climate, topography, vegetation, and population; as well as, the effects on the earth's surface of human activities.
1. Relating to geography or to the geography of a specific region.
2. Concerning the topography of a specific region.
geographic area
geographic center
geographic circque
Geographic Information System, GIS, Geography, Part 1
Geographic Information System, GIS, Geography, Part 2
Geographic Information System, GIS, Mapping an Iowa County
Geographic Information System, GIS: Index
Geographic Information Systems, GIS
1. The computer hardware, software, and technical expertise applied to assemble and to analyze geographical data; especially, the correlation of databases with graphic displays to present information; frequently employed in environmental studies.
2. An organized collection of computer hardware, software, geographic data, and personnel designed to efficiently capture, store, update, manipulate, analyze, and display all forms of geographically referenced information which can be drawn from different sources, both statistical and mapped.
3. Computer programs linking features commonly seen on maps; such as, roads, town boundaries, and water bodies, with related information not usually presented on maps; for examlple, type of road surface, population, type of agriculture, type of vegetation, or water quality information.

GIS is a unique information system in which individual observations can be spatially referenced to each other.

4. A technology that is used to view and analyze data from a geographic perspective. The technology is a piece of an organization's overall information system framework.

GIS links locations to information; such as, people to addresses, buildings to parcels of land, or streets within a network, and layers that information to give a better understanding of how it all interrelates. The user can than choose which layers to combine based on his/her purpose.

There's more information at the Geographic Information System (GIS): Index

geographic region
geographic speciation (s), geographic speciations (pl) (nouns)
The evolutionary development of plant or animal groups whose members all have similar general features and are able to produce young plants or animals together: "An evolutionary change leading to the rise of new species resulting from the separations of biological populations into mutually exclusive geographic regions, thereby creating distinct gene pools."

"Differentiation of populations of biological groups in various geographical isolations to the point where they are recognized as separate species."

1. Referring to, or characterized by, the science that has for its objectives the description of the earth’s surface, with reference to its form and physical features, its natural and political divisions, the climate, productions, population, etc., of the various countries.
2. In general, the terms geographic and geographical are interchangeable, and compound terms listed here as beginning with one form can also be written with the other form.
geographical area
1. Any part or portion of the earth's surface which has been delimited or recognized by some particular characteristic.
2. An area of land that can be considered as a unit for the purposes of some geographical classification.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.