grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

1. The science of the geographical distribution of living things, animal (zoogeography) and vegetable (phytogeography).
2. The study of the geographical distributions of organisms, their habitats (ecological biogeography) and the historical and biological factors that produced them (historical biogeography).
1. An earlier form of the cinematograph.
2. An instrument for analyzing and rendering visible the movements of animals; used in diagnosis of certain nervous diseases.
3. To write or prepare a biography.
1. The subject of a biography.
2. The person whose life is described in a biography.
One who writes about the lives of people excluding oneself.
1. A reference to an account of someone’s life in the form of a book, movie, or television program, written or produced by another person.
2. Descriptive term for books about people’s lives, considered as a whole or as a type of literature.
Life can only be understood backward, but it must be lived forward.
—Soren Kierkegaard
1. Of, relating to, or dealing with biography; or a written account of another person's life.
2. Referring to, or pertaining to, a person's life.
1. The history of the lives of individual men and women, as a branch of literature.
2. The written record of the life of an individual.
3. The life-course of a man or other living being; the “life-history” of an animal or plant.

This is the best biography by me I have ever read.

—Lawrence Welk

A biography is a book that is usually written about a dead person because it is so unlike him when he was alive.

—Evan Esar
biological oceanography
The study of oceanic plant and animal life in relation to the marine environment.
The study of the flora and fauna of oceans in relation to their marine environments.
Structural or descriptive biology.
Obsolete term for the making of x-ray pictures of subjects in motion. Now known as cineradiography.
The study and classification of rock strata based on their fossil content; stratigraphic paleontology.
black dermatographia
The discoloration of the skin by metal that appears after rubbing with a blunt point.
The scientific description of the buds of plants.
body plethysmograph (s), body plethysmographs (pl) (nouns)
A body box that is used to measure lung volume and pressure.

This device is used for studying alveolar pressures, lung volumes, and airway resistance. The patient sits or reclines in an airtight compartment and breathes normally.

The pressure changes in the alveoli (tiny sac for holding air in the lungs) are reciprocated (alternated direction of motions) in the compartment and are recorded automatically.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.