grapho-, graph-, -graph, -graphy, -grapher, -graphia

(Greek: to scratch; to write, to record, to draw, to describe; that which is written or described)

As indicated at the bottom of this page, there is a significantly large number of graphic word-entry groups in this unit. Such an extensive listing is provided to show how important the grapho- element is to the English language.

bibliographical (adjective), more bibliographical, most bibliographical
Of, relating to, or dealing with the systematic description and history of books, their authorships, publications, editions, physical descriptions, etc.

The worst thing about new books is that they keep us from reading the old ones.

—Joseph Joubert
bibliography (s) (noun), bibliographies (pl)
1. The systematic description and history of books, their authorship, printing, publication, editions, physical description, etc.
2. A list of the books of a particular author, printer, or country, or of those dealing with any particular theme; the literature of a subject.
3. A list of source materials used or consulted in the preparation of a written work or referred to in the text.
To read without reflecting is like eating without digesting.
—Edmund Burke
1. A bioassay of certain compounds, usually antibiotics or vitamins, by evaluating their ability to enhance the growth of some organism and to repress that of others.
2. Classification of organic material by using solid absorbents that have affinities for specific elements.
3. An analytical technique in which organic compounds are separated by chromatography and identified by studying their effects on microorganisms.
biobibliographer (s) (noun), biobibliographers (pl)
A writer of biographical sketches of the authors listed in a bibliography.
biobibliographical (adjective), more biobibliographical, most biobibliographical
Dealing with the life and writings of an author.
biobibliography (s) (noun), biobibliographies (pl)
1. A bibliography containing biographical information about the author or authors.
2. A bibliography containing biographical sketches of listed authors.
Chromatographic separation processes applied to natural products; such as, polysaccharides (cell membrane components, antigenic markers, etc.), polynucleotides (support for genetic information for macromolecular engineering) and purification of macromolecules; for example, proteins and functional peptides.
biodemography (s) (noun, biodemographies (pl)
The science dealing with the integration of ecology and the genetics of human populations: Biodemographies consist of information about birth and death processes as they relate to populations in general and to humans in particular.
biog, bio
Short for "biography".
The science of the geographical distribution of living things; such as, animals and vegetation.
biogeographer (s) (noun), biogeographers (pl)
1. A specialist in biogeography or someone who studies the distributions of living things; such as, plant and animal life in the earth's environment and the biological and historical factors that produced such distributions.
2 .Scientists who study the spacial distributions of individual organisms in biotic communities which are composed of plants and animals and of ecosystems, or environmental systems, which are associations of biotic communities interacting with their environments.

An ecosystem may be defined and studied at sizes in areas ranging from a small pond to a global biome; such as, prairies or tropical rain forests.

A reference to the science of the geographical distribution of living things, animal and vegetable.
biogeographic regions
Regions of the world containing recognizably distinct and characteristic endemic fauna or flora.
Referring to the study of the geographic distribution of plants and animals.
Describing situations involving the study of the geographic distribution of plants and animals.

Related "writing" word units: glypto-; gram-; scrib-, script-.