-ation, -ization (-iz[e] + -ation); -isation (British spelling variation)

(Greek > Latin: a suffix; action, act, process, state, or condition; or result of doing something)

Although there are over 1,450 word entries ending with -ation or -ization listed in this unit, there are certainly many more which exist in the English language. At any rate, this unit provides a significant number of -ation and -ization examples for you to see.

transubstantiation (s) (noun), transubstantiations (pl)
1. The doctrine of the Catholic Church that bread and wine is altered into the body and blood of Jesus: When consecrated in the Eucharist, the concept is that food made from dough and then baked changes into the substance of the body of Christ, just as the fermented juice of grapes turns into the blood of Christ.
2. The conversion of one matter into another: Alchemists In the Middle Ages tackled the transubstantiation of turning lead into gold, but it never worked out and has never worked to this day!
Flying higher than normal.
traumatization (s), traumatizations (pl) (nouns)
The act or process of traumatizing; that is, inflicting an injury or wound to a living body caused by the application of an external force or violence.
trepidation (s) (noun), trepidations (pl)
1. An involuntary trembling, sometimes an effect of paralysis, but more often it is caused by some kind of horror or an extreme anxiety about something: A trepidation implies a quivering or shaking kind of fear.
2. A state of terror, alarm, fright, or an excessive disturbance: Even though Mary had a psychiatrist working with her to overcome a dread of flying, she still had a great deal of difficulty getting on a passenger plane without a significant degree of trepidation.

In the biology class at Jane's high school, several students refused to touch a harmless snake because of their trepidation of even being near the animal.

A condition of trembling fear.
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A state of apprehension or dread.
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triangulation (try-ANG-you-lay-shun) (s) (noun), triangulations (pl)
The tracing and measurement of a series or network of triple geometric configurations in order to survey and map out a territory or region: Triangulation today is used for many purposes, including surveying, navigation, metrology, astrometry, binocular vision, and even model rocketry.
tribulation (s) (noun), tribulations (pl)
1. Something that causes great difficulty, affliction, or distress; such as, an ordeal: Samuel Johnson has experienced the trials and tribulations of a struggling lexicographer.
2. An experience that tests one's endurance, patience, or religious faith: The illness of Donna's son has been a cause of great tribulation for her and her husband.
3. Etymology: from Old French tribulacion (12th century), from Late Latin tribulationem, tribulatio, "distress, trouble, affliction"; from tribulatus, tribulare, "to oppress, afflict"; a figurative use by Christian writers of Latin tribulare "to press"; also possibly, "to thresh out grain;" from tribulum "threshing sledge", from stem of terere, "to rub" + -bulum, a suffix forming names of tools.

Originally tribulation came from Greek; then through Latin, "to press; affliction"; and by extension, "distress, great trial", or "affliction".

The Roman tribulum was a sledge consisting of a wooden block studded with sharp pieces of flint or iron teeth. It was used to bring force and pressure against wheat in grinding out grain.

The machine suggested the way trouble grinds people down and oppresses them, tribulations becoming another word for troubles and afflictions. The word is first recorded in English in 1330.

Encyclopedia of Word and Phrase Origins by Robert Hendrickson;
New York: Facts On File, Inc., 1997; p. 680.

The Romans ground out their corn (grain) with a heavy roller, mentioned in Vergil’s Georgics among agricultural instruments: the tribulum, a diminutive noun, from tritere, trit-, "to rub", from Greek tribein, "to rub".

"Being ground under and pressed out" made an excellent metaphor to express the trials and tribulations of the early Christians.

—From A Dictionary of Word Origins by Joseph T. Shipley,
The Philosophical Library, New York, 1945.
Distress or suffering because of oppression or being deprived of some activity.
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Great distress and suffering or afflictions.
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Go to this Word A Day Revisited Index
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trituration (s) (noun), triturations (pl)
1. The act of reducing to a fine powder by grinding, grating, bruising, etc.: The assistant cook was assigned the task of the trituration of spices for the fine food that was being prepared.
2. A condition of having been ground or rubbed into a fine powder: The chef used a stone mortar and pestle to create a trituration of fine herbs for the new recipe.
3. A pharmacologic medicinal mixture of powdered drugs prepared pharmaceutically: The druggist, Mr. Johnson, prepared a trituration which she instructed the patient to apply to the wound on her leg three times every day.
4. The mixing of an amalgam, usually of silver and mercury, for use in filling cavities in teeth: Dr. Jackson, the dentist, promised the trituration which she had compounded would not hurt the enamel on the adjacent teeth.
truncation (s) (noun), truncation (pl)
1. The omission of one or more unaccented syllables at the beginning or the end of a line of verse.
2. In banking, a system of electronic check recording under which canceled checks are not returned to customers by the bank.
3. Something that has been shortened, lopped, or cut off.
4. Anything that has a square end as if it were cut off; lacking an apex or point.
turbination (s) (noun), turbinations (pl)
The act of spinning or whirling: The top, or gyroscope, that Tommy got as a birthday present had a very fast spin until the turbination finally slowed down and the gyroscope fell to its side.
The quality or state of being in a place; local relation; position or location; whereness.
The formation or development of an ulcer.
The action or process of bringing something to an ultimate result; final issue or development.