acid-, acidi-, acido-, -acidity

(Latin: sour [sharp])

ketoacidosis (s) (noun), ketoacidoses (pl)
Acidosis, as in diabetes or starvation, caused by the enhanced production of ketone (linking two carbon atoms) bodies.

A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is characterized by a combination of ketosis and acidosis. Ketosis is the accumulation of substances called ketone bodies in the blood. Acidosis is increased acidity of the blood.

Symptoms of ketoacidosis include slow, deep breathing with a fruity odor to the breath, confusion, frequent urination (polyuria), poor appetite, and eventually loss of consciousness.

The treatment of ketoacidosis is a matter of urgency and is usually done in a hospital. It may require the administration of intravenous fluids, insulin, and glucose, and the institution of changes in the person's diet.

lactacidosis (s) (noun), lactacidoses (pl)
A high amount of lactic acid of the blood stream: Lactacidosis can be described as acidosis caused by an increase of lactic acid:
linoleic acid (s) (noun) (no pl)
A colorless liquid, essential to human nutrition: Linoleic acid is found in linseed and other natural oils and used in making soaps, emulsifiers, and quick-drying oils.
lipacidemia (s) (noun) (no pl)
The presence of an excess of fatty acids in the blood: An example of linacidemia is found in diabetes mellitus.
lipaciduria (s) (noun) (no pl)
The presence of fatty acids in the urine: After Dr. Green tested Jack's urine, he detected a condition of lipaciduria which had to be treated quickly and with medical aid in the hospital.
monacid (adjective) (not comparable)
Regarding the power of saturating one molecule of a monobasic acid (an acid containing only one replaceable hydrogen atom per molecule): Some bases that are strong can create lasting and stable nonacid salts.
oleic acid (s) (noun) (no pl)
A colorless oily liquid found in almost all animal and vegetable fats: Oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid and is used to make soap, ointments, cosmetics, and lubricating oils.
omega-3 fatty acid (s) (noun), omega-3 fatty acids (pl)
Any of several polyunsaturated fatty acids found in leafy green vegetables, vegetable oils, and cold-water fish, such as salmon and mackerel.

Omega-3 fatty acids are capable of reducing serum cholesterol levels and have anticoagulant properties.

Omega-3 fish oil is considered a neutraceutical, a food that provides health benefits. Eating fish has been reported to protect against age-related macular degeneration, a common eye disease.

oxyacid (s) (noun), oxyacids (pl)
An acid containing oxygen as distinguished from a hydracid formed by the union of hydrogen with a halogen: There are various types of oxyacids and among them are hypophosphoric acid, periodic acid, and metaphosphoric acid.
peracid (s) (noun), peracids (pl)
An acid that contains a peroxide group: A peracid has an increased amount of oxygen, like acetneracid and benzoperacid.

There are quite a few peracids that are exceedingly effective germicides.

polyacid (adjective) (not comparable)
Regarding the neutraization or the combination with many molecules of a monobasic acid: Glass compositions and polyacid components are of significance in improving the mechanical aspecst of certain cements.
polyacid (s) (noun), polyacids (pl)
A compound that has more than one acidic group: A polyacid contains polymeric anions and is composed of two or more hydroxyl groups.
pseudo-acid (s) (noun), pseudo-acids (pl)
A compound that is not itself an acid but which exists in equilibrium with, or is easily converted into an acidic form and thus undergoes some typical reactions of acids: In its free state, a pseudo-acid is an organic compound and doesn't have the arrangement of an acid.

In the proximity of bases, pseudo-acids slowly go through a new molecular movement and produce salts.

pyroacid (s) (noun), pyroacids (pl)
An acid that is created by exposing another acid to the activity of heat: A pyroacid is one formed from another acid by dry or destructive distillation.
sarcolactic acid (s) (noun) (no pl)
An acid exiting in the muscles after a long period of contraction: Sarcolactic acid is an isomeric type of lactic acid created by muscle tissue during the anaerobic metabolism of glucose.

Cross references of word families that are related directly, or indirectly, to: "sour, sharp": acerb-; acies- (not "sour"); acuto- (not "sour"); oxy-; pung- (not "sour").