a-, ab-, abs-
(Latin: prefix; from, away, away from)
This prefix is normally used with elements of Latin and French origins (abs- usually joins elements beginning with c, q, or t).
The form ab- is regularly used before all vowels and h; and it becomes a- before the consonants m, p, and v. The prefix apo- has similar meanings.
This list is a very small sample of the multitudes of a-, ab-, abs- prefixes that are available in dictionaries and those in this unit are only meant to present a few examples.
You can greatly expand your word knowledge in this
and in all of the other word units.
2. Well-supplied; providing a more than plentiful supply of something: The prosecutor offered abundant evidence that the woman had committed the crime.
This has been one of the most abundant displays of beautiful fall colors that the city parks have ever produced in years.
2. The practice or act of using or doing something illegally: The governor's abuse of his power involved the buying of votes which resulted in his being prosecuted for malicious use of public funds.
3. Harsh and insulting words: The prisoner, who was on trial for murder, shouted abuses at the presiding judge accusing her of prejudice because he was a man.
4. Etymology: "to misuse, misapply", from Latin abusus, "a using up"; "misuse up"; from ab-. "away" + uti, "use".
2. To use or to treat something in a way that causes damage: Ricky abused his car by not taking proper care of it and driving excessively fast.
3. To attack someone with words: The baseball fans were verbally abusing the umpire for calling the player "out"!
4. To engage in corrupt practices or activities or to use in an unfair way: Too many politicians tend to abuse their governmental positions with actions that will increase their monetary lifestyles.
2. Using or involving physical violence or emotional cruelty: Fortunately, there are not as many people who are in abusive relationships as there are those who have good relationships.
Mary's husband was accused of using the most abusive punishment of his children whenever they did not do what he told them to do.
Sarah's neighbor treated her abusively with his attitude and foul language.
Cathy averted her head so her mother couldn't see her face where she had bruised it when she fell on the slippery ice.2. To ward off, to prevent, or to abstain from happening: Shirley averted an accident by driving her car carefully on a narrow street that was undergoing reconstruction; however, a man who was driving in the same lane, didn't avert the barrier on the side and so he had a bad accident.
3. To keep from happening or to avoid something: The quick arrival of the fire fighters averted a major forest fire.
A man who averts danger turns it away from himself; to avert one's eyes is to turn them away.
2. To keep away from, to stay out of the way of someone or something: Lauren's former husband now avoids her whenever they happen to be in the same place.
Margery, a high school student, manages to avoid doing the dishes by claiming she has to do her homework.3. To prevent the occurrence of; to stop from happening: If at all possible, people should avoid repeating the same mistakes when investing their money in those companies that are unable to maintain reasonable profits.
4. To refrain or to stop doing something: Nations should try to avoid starting so many wars with each other.
5. To resist, to turn down, or to deliberately stay away from certain foods or beverages: According to the doctor, during Carol's fast, she should avoid eating solid food; however, liquids would be all right.
In the teacher's advanced physics program, his students studied the visible absorptions spectrophotometries of light energy.