trans-, tran-, tra-
(Latin: across, through, over, beyond; on the far side of)
Don't confuse the tra- in this element with another tra- in "drag" or "draw". Trans- becomes tra- before the consonants -d, -j, -l, -m, -n, and -v.
2. The conveyance, or means of getting, things or people from one place to another: James doesn't own a car and so he relies on public transportation to get around.
Trucks were used as transporters of the cargo from the dock to various points of distribution.
When Jack L., the author, wrote about two of the characters in his novel, the Susan, the editor, noticed that every once in awhile, the writer was mistakenly transposing their names.2. To move to a different place or context: The teacher pointed out that James had misspelled the word "strength" as "strenght" on his paper; so, she suggested that he correct it by transposing the last two letters to make the spelling correct.
3. To write or to perform a musical composition in a key other than the original or given key: Since Janet was a soprano, the piece she was supposed to sing had to be transposed higher from C major to E major.
2. The placing of something in a different setting, or the recasting of something in a different language, style, or medium: It is said that the Chinese dragon is a transposition of the serpent.
3. The rewriting or playing of a piece of music in a key or at a pitch other than the original or usual key or pitch: The orchestra played various transpositions that had been changed from their original compositions.
4. In mathematics, the changing of the order of a set of things or arranging in different orders: The transpositions of a, b, and c are abc, acb, bac, bca, cab, and cba.
By subtracting 2 from both sides of the equation 2 + x = 4, a person can have a transposition that moves 2 to the other side, resulting in x = 4 - 2, which makes x equal 2.5. A transfer of a DNA segment to a new place on the same or another chromosome: The transposition of a gene or set of genes goes from one DNA position to another one.
In the Wicked Bible, that was published as a version of the King James Bible in 1631, there was a transpositional "blank", or deletion, in place of the word "not". The result of this transpositional error resulted in the commandment saying "Thou shalt commit adultery" instead of "Thou shalt not commit adultery.
In other organisms, transposons can become a permanent and even beneficial part of the genome, as in maize (corn), where transposons account for half of the genome, and in certain bacteria, where genes for antibiotic resistance can spread by means of transposons.
Another explanation states that a transposon is a segment of DNA that is capable of inserting copies of itself into other DNA sections within the same cell.
2. To pass through a membrane or permeable substance.