topo-, top-, -topia, -topy, -topism, -topic
(Greek: place, a position, region, local, localized)
2. The ability to recognize a tactile sensation.
2. Someone who describes the surface features of a place or region.
3. A person who describes a particular place, town, city, or tract of land.
4. Someone who describes and maps the surface features of geographic regions.
2. The features on the surface of an area of land.
3. The detailed mapping or charting of the features of a relatively small area, district, or locality.
4. A detailed description; especially, by means of surveying; of particular localities;such as, cities, towns, or estates.
5. The features, relations, or configuration of a structural entity.
6. A schema of a structural entity; such as, of the mind, a field of study, or society, reflecting a division into distinct areas having a specific relation or a specific position relative to one another.
7. A study or detailed description of the various features of an object or entity and the relationships between them.
8. In anatomy, the description of any part of the body, especially in relation to a definite and limited area of the surface.
2. In mathematics: A branch of math that deals with shapes; sometimes describes as geometry without the details.
To a topologist, a sphere, a cigar, and a rabbit's head are all the same because they can be deformed into one another. In addition, a coffee mug and a doughnut are also the same because each has one hole, but they are not equivalent to a sphere.
Topology emerged as part of geometry which did away with metric properties of shapes, angles, and distances. For example, topologically, a sphere and a cube are one and the same object since one can be transformed continuously (i.e. with no cutting nor tearing) into another. Therefore, it is so much more remarkable that number invariants are still used to characterize topological objects.
4. In medicine: The anatomical structure of a specific area or part of the body.
5. Computer Science: The arrangement in which the nodes of a LAN are connected to each other.
- "champagne" from Champagne in France
- "cashmere" from Kashmir in India
3. A descriptive place-name, usually derived from some topographical feature of the place.
4. The place-names of a country, or district, as a subject of study; for example, London, Mount Everest, and San Francisco, Death Valley, etc.
5. A scientific name for a part of the body.