regi-, reg-, rec-, rex-

(Latin: to direct, to rule, to lead straight, to keep straight; to guide, to govern)

Although it does not appear to be correct, all of the words in this unit etymologically come from this family group. Some words; such as, surge and its related formats, may be presented as separate units; however, they originally evolved from this family unit.

rectoscope (s) (noun), rectoscopes (pl)
An instrument for examining the rectum consisting of a tube or speculum equipped with a light; proctoscope: When a colonoscopy was performed, a rectoscopetool was utilised to examine the inside of the large intestine..
rectoscopy (s) (noun), rectoscopies (pl)
Endoscopic examination of the rectum: A rectoscopy is used to locate, identify, and photograph pathologic alterations, to obtain biopsy material, and to perform other surgical interventions, and for the delivery of medication.

rectosigmoidectomy (s) (noun), rectosigmoidectomies (pl)
The surgical excision of the rectum and sigmoid; proctosigmoidectomy: Dr. Thompson explained to Jim that a rectosigmoidectomy was necessary in order to to remove the infected rectum and sigmoid colon.
rectotomy (s) (noun), rectotomies (pl)
In surgery, an incision into the rectum; proctotomy: In his medical class, Tom learned about a rectotomy as being an operation to divide a rectal structure.
rectrix (REK triks) (s) (noun), rectrices (REK tri sez", rek TRI sez) (pl)
1. A female ruler; a governess, a woman employed to teach and train children in a private home: Jane was hired as a rectrix, or rectoress, by a wealthy family to provide lessons for their children in science, languages, mathematics, music, and behavior.
2. The feminine administrative head of some schools, colleges, or universities: Mrs. Johnson was the principal, or rectrix, of the local educational institution in Mary’s town.
3. In ornithology, a bird’s tail feather used to guide it during flight: One of the long back quill feathers of a bird, or rectrix, is employed as a rudder or control surface, and is used to steer or to direct the path it takes while flying in the air.

The long, stiff, asymmetrically shaped feathers on the tails of a bird are called retrices and their primary functions are to aid in the production of both thrust and lift during flight.

rectum (s) (noun), rectums (pl)
The last part of the large intestine: Bill learned that feces passed through the rectum after leaving the colon, but before exiting the body through the excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal.
rectus (s) (noun), recti (pl)
One of the straight muscles in a body: One rectus is located at the anterior abdominal wall, while other recti are found in the eye, neck, and thigh.
redress (s) (noun), redresses (pl)
1. The setting right of what is wrong: The company agreed to a redress for the employees' wages for the time set aside for their lunch breaks.
2. The easement or compensation from an injury or from a wrong: Mr. Johnson sought legal redress regarding his wife's will not being considered at all in the court case.
redress (verb), redresses; redressed; redressing
1. To make amends for; to correct; to set right: When Jane received her monthly payment, she noticed a big mistake to her disfavor, so she complained and it was redressed immediately.

Sally wanted to have a horse and wanted her parents to redress this wish, but since it would cost too much money, Sally would have to wait until she earned lots of money herself.
2. To put right; to make reparations for: The customer complained about not being helped at all, so her complaint was redressed quickly.
3. To relieve from: The poverty-stricken people were redressed by the government with food and clothing.

regal (adjective), more regal, most regal
Descriptive of something suitable for a king or queen; majestic; noble: The beautiful and most impressive dress and hat looked very regal..
regally (adverb), more regally, most regally
Regarding how something is befitting for a monarch; royally; princely: For the prom Janet was regally attired with a lovely long dress, matching shoes and long gloves, and her hair fell down in long tresses.
regency (s) (noun), regencies (pl)
1. A substitute government during the absence of a monarch: A regency was installed because the king of the country was incapacitated and in a coma in hospital.
2. The time period when a governing body is ruling: During the regency, the people of the country prayed for a successful and full recovery of their king.
regent (s) (noun), regents (pl)
1. A ruler: In the book about the 15th century, a governing person was termed a regent.
2. One who governs as a substitute for a monarch: A regent was invested with ruling power because the king had died and the young prince was only two years old!
3. A member of the governing board of a university or college: Jack found out that a regent was part of the governing body in Scotland, in the U.S.A., and in Canada.
regicidal (adjective) (not comparable)
Concerning the killing of a king: One of the judges who sentenced Charles I of England to death was regicidal.
regicide (s) (noun), regicides (pl)
1. The killing of a king, especially someone who kills his/her own king: Charles I was a terrible king, and after a trial, was committed to death, and this regicide was the first of its kind.
2. Someone who commits the crime of murdering a king: John Jones, Adrian Scrope, and Gregory Clement are just three regicides who were arrested, found guilty, and were either hanged or drawn and quartered.

Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "master, lead, leading, ruler, ruling, govern": -agogic; agon-; arch-; -crat; dom-; gov-; magist-; poten-; tyran-.