1. That branch of pharmacology which deals with the biological, biochemical, and economic features of natural drugs and their constituents.
2. A branch of pharmacology that specializes in drugs obtained from plant and other natural sources, and their properties, preparation, and uses; also, pharmacognostics.
1. A treatise on or description of drugs.
2. An account or written description of drugs.
1. The activity or fate of drugs in the body over a period of time, including the processes of absorption, distribution, localization in tissues, biotransformation, and excretion.
2. The study of drug dynamics; the distribution of drugs in biological systems and the influence of absorption, tissue distribution, metabolism, and elimination by excretion on the disposition of a drug.
Pertaining to pharmacology or to the properties and reactions of drugs.
1. A person who makes a study of the actions of drugs.
2. A specialist in pharmacology.
A branch of pharmacology concentrating on the identification, isoloation, and development of drugs and pharmacologically active substances from aquatic plants and animals.
1. The study of the action of medicinal drugs and other biologically active chemicals.
2. The science that deals with the origin, nature, chemistry, effects, and uses of drugs; it includes pharmacognosy, pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics, and toxicology.
The branch of pharmacology concentrating on drug biotransformation and the biochemical aspects of drug metabolism and drug action at a cellular or subcellular level.
1. A craze for using or for trying drugs; a chronic fascination with medicines.
2. An uncontrollable desire to take or to administer medicines.
1. A branch of pharmacology that specializes in drugs obtained from plant and other natural sources, and their properties, preparation, and uses.
2. The study of the distribution of, methods for finding, and properties of medically useful agents in natural sources; especially, plants.
3. That branch of pharmacology which treats of unprepared medicines or simples (medicinal plants or the medicines obtained from them).
4. Medicinal substances in their natural or unprepared state.
1. The comparative evaluation of drug activity, distinguished from bioassay in that substances with different chemical constitutions are compared.
2. The quantitative assessment of drug activity using bioassay techniques and chemical analyses to identify the pharmacologically active components and evaluate their efficacy.
A drug or a medicinal preparation.
The study of mineral drugs.
The science of the plroperties and preparation of drugs
An authoritative treatise on drugs and their preparations; a book containing a list of products used in medicine, with descriptions, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, and formulas for certain mixtures of these substances.
It also generally contains a statement of average dosage. The first United States pharmacopeia was published on December 15, 1820, printed in both Latin and English, and its 272 pages included 217 drugs which were considered worthy of recognition.
USP, United States Pharmacopeia, a legally recognized compendium of standards for drugs, published by The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc., and revised periodically. It also includes assays and tests for the determination of strength, quality, and purity.