-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist
(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)
The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".
The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.
Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".
The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.
2. Anyone who attributes the phenomena of the drift, in geology, to glaciers.
2. The definitions and explanations of terms; as seen in a glossary.
3. The science of language; comparative philology; linguistics.
2. The determination of how long ago different languages evolved from a common source language.
The branch of lexicostatistics that studies the rate of the replacement of vocabulary and attempts to determine what percentage of basic vocabulary two presently distinct, but related languages share, using the information that is obtained to estimate how long ago they ceased being a single language.
2. The science of the definitions and explanations of terms.
3. The study of the tongue and the conditions, or diseases, affecting it.
2. A field of dental or medical study which deals with the entire chewing apparatus, including its anatomic, histological, morphological, physiologic, and pathological characteristics.
Diagnostic, therapeutic, and any necessary rehabilitative procedures can be determined by such research results.
2. The study of animals in the absence of contaminating microorganisms; that is, of “germ-free” animals.