-ology, -logy, -ologist, -logist

(Greek: a suffix meaning: to talk, to speak; a branch of knowledge; any science or academic field that ends in -ology which is a variant of -logy; a person who speaks in a certain manner; someone who deals with certain topics or subjects)

The word -ology is a back-formation from the names of certain disciplines. The -logy element basically means "the study of ____". Such words are formed from Greek or Latin roots with the terminal -logy derived from the Greek suffix -λογια (-logia), speaking, from λεγειν (legein), "to speak".

The suffix -ology is considered to be misleading sometimes as when the "o" is actually part of the word stem that receives the -logy ending; such as, bio + logy.

Through the years -ology and -logy have come to mean, "study of" or "science of" and either of these suffixes often utilize the form of -ologist, "one who (whatever the preceding element refers to)".

The examples shown in this unit represent just a small fraction of the many words that exist in various dictionaries.

bioarcheology
A discipline in which the concepts of human biology are integrated with anthropological archeology.
biocenology, biocoenology
1. The branch of biology dealing with the study of biological communities and the interactions among their members.
2. The study of communities of organisms and of the relationship among the members of such communities.
biochemorphology
1. The study of the relationship between biologic action and chemical structure.
2. Macroscopic, or gross morphology, as revealed by biochemical techniques.
biochronology
1. In geology, the study of the age of the earth based on the relative dating of rocks and geologic events by the use of fossil evidence.
2. The dating of biological events using biostratigraphic or paleontological methods.
bioclimatologist
An individual skilled in bioclimatology.
bioclimatology
1. The study of climate in relation to living organisms and especially to human health.
2. The science of the relationship of climatic factors to the distribution, numbers, and types of living organisms (fauna and flora) of conditions of the natural environment (rainfall, daylight, temperature, humidity, air movement) prevailing in specific regions of the earth; an aspect of ecology.
biocoenology, biocenology
1. The study of the associations of organisms that form biotic communities.
2. The qualitative and quantitative study of communities of organisms.
bioecologist (s), bioecologists (pl) (noun forms)
1. A specialist who studies the relationships of organisms to their natural environments.
2. Someone who favors, or specializes, in bioecology; such as, an ecologist.
bioecology (s) (noun), bioecologies (pl)
1. The science of organisms as affected by the factors of their environments.
2. The study of the environment and life history of organisms.
3. The study of the interrelations among living organisms in their natural environment; ecology.
bioelectrorheology (s) (noun)
An electric phenomena associated with material flow and deformation in living systems or the flow of materials derived directly from the nerve and muscle tissues.
biogeocoenology, biogeocenology
The study of ecosystems.
biohydrology
1. The study of the interaction between plant and animal life and water cycles.
2. The science of solution action in living tissue.
3. The study of the interactions between water, plants, and animals, including the effects of water on biota as well as the physical and chemical changes in water or its environment produced by biota.
biological anthropology (s) (noun), biological anthropologies (pl)
See "bioanthropology" for the applicable definition for this biological anthropologyentry.
biologism
1. The interpretation of human life from a strictly biological point of view.
2. The use or emphasis of biological principles or methods in explaining human social behavior.
biologist
1. A specialist or expert in biology or one who studies biology.
2. A scientist who studies living organisms.
3. A scientist devoted to the study of organisms and their relationships to their environments and the underlying mechanisms that govern how those organisms work.
Cross references of word families related directly, or indirectly, to: "talk, speak, speech; words, language; tongue, etc.": cit-; clam-; dic-; fa-; -farious; glosso-; glotto-; lalo-; linguo-; locu-; logo-; loqu-; mythico-; ora-; -phasia; -phemia; phon-; phras-; Quotes: Language,Part 1; Quotes: Language, Part 2; Quotes: Language, Part 3; serm-; tongue; voc-.