manu-, man-, mani-, mandat-, manda-
(Latin: hand or hands)
2: A prize awarded to someone in recognition for being courageous or doing something in a superior way: Linda practiced her violin so often that she received commendations at the recital for being the most improved player in the group of musicians!
2. A high-ranking officer of the Coast Guard or U.S. Navy: In his career, starting with being a sailor on a ship, Brian worked his way up to the position of a commodore which is above that of a captain and below a rear admiral.
3. The highest position of a shipping business: At Bremerhaven, after the freighter was loaded with cargo, a number of passengers also got on board, and the commodore, or the senior captain, steered them off to the Atlantic Ocean heading for Toronto, Canada.
2. To annul by recalling or rescinding: The latest scandal involving an exhaust manipulation of diesel cars resulted in the auto company countermanding additional sales of such vehicles throughout the world until they are functioning properly.
Theodore demanded to speak to the manager about the poor quality of the product that he had recently purchased.2. To claim as just or due: The bank is demanding repayment of Joe's loan. 3. To ask to be informed of: The teacher was demanding to know why the students thought her comments were so funny.
4. To require as useful, just, proper, or necessary; to call for: Jill was told that the jewelry she was considering to buy had a gem that demanded a fine setting in the necklace.
5. In law: To summon to court; to claim formally; lay legal claim to: During the court proceedings documents were demanded by the prosecutor for further proof of the case.
2. In law, to sever the legal authority over one’s own offspring: Mildred was quite smart and received her high school diploma while she was just 15, enabling her to start her university education in another city and being independent; therefore, being emancipated from control by her mother and father.
3. The age at which a person is granted by law the rights and responsibilities of an adult: In some places, the legal code states that minors, starting at 16, are allowed to smoke cigarettes, even though their parents don’t smoke themselves and are of a completely different opinion.
4. Etymology: from Latin ex- "out, away" + mancipare, "to deliver, to transfer, to sell"; from mancipum, "ownership"; from manus, "hand" + capere, "to take".
This word comes from Latin emancipare, which originally meant "free from parental power". This was a compound verb that was formed from the prefix ex-, "out of" and mancipium, "ownership:; and referred in Roman law to the freeing of a son from the legal authority of the male (pater) head of the family (patria potestas), thus making him responsible for himself in law.
The association of the verb with the "freeing of slaves", the basis of the present English meaning, is a modern development.
2. The condition of being liberated: Emancipation was the only thought Jane had when she discovered her life being filled with household chores, with no contacts with her former friends, and no income of her own.
3. Etymology: the e is a short form of ex-, "out of"; man in this case is a short form of manus, "hand"; while cip is the root of "to take"; and tion is a suffix that is used to make a noun of a verb form: therefore, emancipation is "the act of taking out of the hand"; hence, "the act of setting free".
2. The achievement of a person's skills and productions: In the music by the genius J.S. Bach, everybody can hear the magnificent handiwork of his compositions.
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When a person is alone and experiences an airway obstruction that is caused by a foreign body, he or she can make a fist with one hand and place it against the area between the navel and the rib cage.
Then hold the fist with the free hand and press in with quick forceful upward thrusts until whatever is causing the choking in the throat is gone.
This technique is named after Dr. Henry Jay Heimlich, a U.S. thoracic surgeon, who developed this procedure.
Jill told her brother that while she was at a restaurant, she started to choke on some food which was stuck in her throat and a man helped her by using a Heimlich maneuver to dislodge the food so she could breathe properly again.