-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

realism (s) (noun), realisms (pl)
1. A practical understanding and acceptance of what is actual and possible in a particular situation, rather than being idealized or presenting romantic views: Isabel has a sense of realism about what can be done to improve the profits for her company.
2. The theory that there is an objectively existing world, which is not dependent just on the views some have visualized in their minds, where people are able to understand aspects of that environment through their perceptions: The realism that some individuals have is unrealistic and so there are those who seem to live in a dream world and they are not able to achieve practical objectives or desires.
5. Etymology: from Latin realis, "actual"; from res, "matter" or "thing."
A representation of things as they really are.
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recidivism (s) (noun), recidivisms (pl)
The habitual act of committing crimes, or a return to prior behavior, especially illegal behavior: The recidivisms of criminals is being evaluated by authorities with the hope that they can come up with programs that will lower the rates of recidivism for each person who has been previously convicted of breaking the law.
1. The advocacy of the revision of an accepted, usually long-standing view, theory, or doctrine, especially a revision of historical events and movements.
2. A movement to re-examine historical information in the light of, or based on, current knowledge.
3. The re-examining of long-established practices, views, or beliefs; especially, when such re-examination is regarded as unnecessary or misguided.
1. A desire, or tendency, to renew interest in something old; such as, old customs or beliefs.
2. The efforts of a religious movement; especially, an evangelical Christian movement, to reawaken religious commitment.
A nasal quality of the voice.
1. Rigidity in principle or practice, strictness; as opposed to laxity.
2. Harshness or strictness in conduct, judgment, or practice.
3. Adoption of strict morality; for example, in Roman Catholic philosophy, the theory that in matters of moral choice the stricter course of action should be taken.
4. Harshness or strictness in conduct, judgment, or practice.
1. The use of a machine that looks like a human being and performs various complex acts (as walking or talking) of a human being.
2. Using a similar but fictional machine whose lack of capacity for human emotions is often emphasized; such as, an efficient insensitive person who functions automatically.
3. Utilizing a device that automatically performs complicated often repetitive tasks or a mechanism guided by automatic controls.