-ism, -ismus

(Greek, ismos; Latin, ismus: a suffix: belief in, practice of, condition of, process, characteristic behavior or manner, abnormal state, distinctive feature or trait)

The condition of having five digits on each hand and foot.
The condition of being perissodactyl or having an uneven number of toes or digits on each foot
1. A general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things.
2. A tendency to see only the negative or worst aspects of all things and to expect only bad or unpleasant things to happen.
3. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view of a situation.
4. The doctrine about evil which is a doctrine that all things become evil or that evil outweighs good in life.
5. A melancholy habit of mind characterized by an inclination to believe that the uncertainties of the present will end badly.

It is considered a common manifestation of depression.

6. The general feeling that things will turn out badly.
phenomenalism (s) (noun) (usually no plural)
1. The doctrine that phenomena are the only objects of knowledge or the only form of reality.
2. The view that all things, including human beings, consist simply of the aggregate of their observable, sensory qualities.
3. The doctrine, set forth by David Hume and his successors, that percepts and concepts constitute the sole objects of knowledge, with the objects of perception and the nature of the mind itself remaining unknowable.
philobiblism (s) (noun) (no pl)
The collection of books done by devoted book collectors: The local bookstore encouraged philobiblism, so the owners of the store always had the newest and most interesting books on sale for those who loved books.
philocalism (s) (noun) (no pl)
A love of beautiful things: Mrs. Thompson was noted for her philocalism because he home was furnished with the most exquisite and and elegant furniture and decorations.
philosemitism, philo-Semitism (s) (noun) (no pl)
A fondness for or appreciation of Jewish people: Philosemitism pertains to the ideas, cultural qualities, history, etc. that originated with Jews. The opposite of philosemitism is antisemitism.
philotheism (s) (noun) (no pl)
The love of God: Mrs. Simmons believed in philotheism and was an ardent church-goer.
philotherianism (s) (noun) (no pl)
A fondness for animals: Since Mary had a case of philotherianism, but wasn't allowed to have a pet at home, her family went to the zoo as often as possible and her parents bought many animal books for her.