hyper-, hyp-

(Greek: above, over; excessive; more than normal; abnormal excess [in medicine]; abnormally great or powerful sensation [in physical or pathological terms]; highest [in chemical compounds])

1. Excessive internal secretion of the testicles.
2. Said to be an obsolete term for increased size or increased functioning of the testes.
An excessive appetite or an eating disorder which is characterized by self-induced vomiting after eating.
Having a face that is flat in profile with a facial angle of 93° or more.
hyperosmia (s) (noun), hyperosmias (pl)
An abnormally acute sense of smell or a above normal perception odors.
The abnormal increase in the osmolality (unit of measurement) of a solution, especially a body fluid.
A reference to solutions or having an osmotic pressure greater than that of normal plasma.
1. The abnormal increase in the osmolarity of a solution, especially a body fluid, which occurs in dehydration.
2. In biochemistry, an osmolar concentration of the body fluids that is abnormally increased.
3. A state of high molecular density within a solution such that it will absorb water across a semipermeable membrane from a less dense solution.
1. Producing or caused by abnormally rapid osmosis (the diffusion of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from a dilute to a more concentrated solution).
2. Containing a higher concentration of osmotically active components than a standard solution.
1. Relating to or characterized by increased osmosis.
2. Of a liquid, having a higher osmotic pressure than the normal physiological level.
hyperosphresia, hyperosmia
An exaggerated or abnormally acute sense of smell.
Excessive, or abnormal, bone development.
A hypertrophy (abnormal enlargement) of bone, either in the form of a local increase in size; such as, an exostosis (non cancerous growth on the surface of a bone), or a generalized increase that involves a whole bone.
hyperovaria. hyperovarianism, hyperovarism
1. A precocious sexuality in girls resulting from an abnormally heavy secretion of estrogen of ovarian secretion.
2. Excessive ovarian secretion of estrogen at any age.
The excretion of an excessive amount of oxalates in the urine.

Oxalates consist of poisonous, colorless crystalline organic acid, found in many plants; such as, spinach, and made synthetically for bleaching, dyeing, rust remover, and cleaning.

High concentrations of oxalates may lead to formation of urinary calculi.

Hyperoxaluria may be genetic (primary), or secondary to ingestion or the administration of excess amounts of oxalate precursors, or to intestinal diseases.

Oxalates occur in plants and are toxic to higher animals by virtue of their calcium binding properties. They cause the precipitation of calcium oxalate in the kidneys, prevent calcium uptake in the gut, and are not metabolized.

hyperoxemia (s) (noun), hyperoxemias (pl)
An excessive acidity of the blood: The cause of Jane's illness was caused by hyperoxemia and could be treated with a strict diet and medication.

Related "above, over, beyond the normal, excessive" word units: epi-; super-, supra-, sur; ultra-, ult-.

Inter-related cross references, directly or indirectly, involving word units meaning "more, plentiful, fullness, excessive, over flowing": copi-; exuber-; multi-; opulen-; ple-; pleio-; plethor-; poly-; super-; total-; ultra-; undu-.