hernio-, herni- +

(Latin: protruded viscus; rupture; in the sense of "protrusion of tissue or part of an organ through an abnormal opening in the surrounding walls")

diaphragmatic hernia
A condition present at birth where there is an abnormal protrusion of abdominal contents upward through a defect in the diaphragm.

This condition is treated as a surgical emergency due to interference with the infant's breathing. Smaller, less serious diaphragmatic hernias may also be seen in adults.

An obsolete procedure for closure, by sutures, of the interior lining of a hernial sac.
A condition in which part of an internal organ projects abnormally through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it, especially the projection of the intestine from the abdominal cavity; a rupture.

Hernias may be caused by failure of certain normal openings to close during development, weakness resulting from debilitating illness, old age, or injury, prolonged distention as from tumors, pregnancy, or corpulence, and increased intra-abdominal pressure resulting from lifting heavy loads or coughing.

It may be present at birth, especially in the region of the navel, or caused by muscular strain or injury, or result from a congenital weakness in the cavity wall.

Treatment may include surgical or mechanical reduction. With very large hernias, mechanical devices or trusses may be used temporarily. A truss is a bandage consisting of a pad and belt; worn to hold a hernia in place by pressure.

hernia of the brain
The protrusion of a portion of the brain through a defect in the skull.
hernia of the lungs
A rare, congenital anomaly associated with a fissured chest, in which a portion of the lung protrudes through the opening, the swelling enlarging with each expiration.
hernia truss
1. An apparatus worn to prevent or to retard the herniation of the intestines or other organ through an opening in the abdominal wall.
2. A supporting device that includes a pad designed to hold in, to prevent protuberance, or further expansion of a hernia.
1. Relating to hernia.
2. A reference to a hernia.
hernial canal
A canal giving passage to a hernia.
hernial sac
The pouch or protrusion of peritoneum containing a herniated organ or part, formed gradually by pressure against a defect in the containing wall or present at birth.
To project through an abnormal opening in the wall of a body cavity, or through a normal or potential opening that has become abnormally enlarged.
1. Having undergone herniation; such as, protruding through a hernial opening.
2. Protruding like a hernia.
3. Enclosed in a hernia.
herniated disk
1. Rupturing of the tissue that separates the vertebral bones of the spinal column.
2. An intervertebral disk (between two adjacent vertebrae) in which the nucleus pulposus has protruded through the surrounding fibrocartilage, occurring most frequently in the lower lumbar region, and less commonly in the cervical region.

Mild to severe symptoms may result from pressure on spinal nerves; also known as, "a ruptured intervertebral disk", or "a slipped disk" (the action of the nuclear tissue when it is forced from the center of the disc).

The center of the disc, which is called the nucleus, is soft, springy, and receives the shock of standing, walking, running, etc.

The outer ring of the disc, which is called the annulus (Latin for "ring"), provides structure and strength to the disc. The annulus consists of a complex series of interwoven layers of fibrous tissue that hold the nucleus in place.

When the disc has herniated, or ruptured, it may create pressure against one or more of the spinal nerves which can cause pain, weakness, or numbness in the neck and arm. Other names for herniated discs are "prolapsed discs" and "ruptured discs".

1. The abnormal protrusion of an organ or other body structure through a defect or natural opening in a covering, membrane, muscle, or bone.
2. The formation of a hernia; a rupture.
Herniotomy combined with appendectomy.
Herniotomy conjoined with enterotomy.

A cross reference of other word family units that are related directly, indirectly, or partially with: "opening, hole, cavity, tract, tube": alveolo-; antro-; anu-; celo-; coelio-; concho-; fenestra-; hiat-; meato-; ora-; parieto-; poro-; pyl-, pyle-; pylor-; sphinctero-; splanchn-; stomato-; syringo-; uretero-; urethro-; vagino-; ventricul-.