alumino-, alumin-

(Latin: aluminum [U.S.] and aluminium, [British])

This term was coined in 1812 by its discoverer, the British chemist Sir Humphry Davy, as an alteration of the earlier [1808] New Latin alumium, that was also coined by Sir Davy from alumina, a mineral occurring in nature as corundum plus -ium, a suffix meaning, in this case, "metal").

The variant form aluminium, which is preferred in British usage, also appeared in 1812 as a deliberate alteration of aluminum in order to eliminate confusion because of the partial resemblance to other names of certain elements, such as sodium, potassium, and magnesium, all of which were coined earlier by Sir Davy.

A compound formed from the hydrate of aluminium by the substitution of a metal for the hydrogen.
Alumina, a white or colorless oxide of aluminum.

Source: corundum, bauxite. Use: catalysts, abrasives, manufacture of artificial rubies and sapphires.

This spelling is used widely throughout the world, and was used in the United States before 1927 where the preferred spelling is now: aluminum.
A proprietary name for aluminum hydroxide gel.
Fibrosis of the lungs due to inhalation of dust of metallic aluminum or aluminum-containing ores.
A process by means of which high temperatures are produced by the combination of aluminium and oxygen.
The chemical element number 13, having an atomic weight 26.9815.

Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the lithosphere. It is never found freely but is generally combined with oxygen.

The pure metal is silvery white and light in weight, having a specific gravity of 2.7. One stable isotope (aluminum 47) occurs naturally, and six unstable isotopes are known.

Information is located at Chemical Element: aluminum.
aluminum chloride
A white, crystalline, hygroscopic powder used as an astringent, antiseptic, and antiperspirant.
aluminum hydroxide
A slightly astringent, tasteless powder used externally as a drying powder and internally as an antacid in the form of a gel.
An extremely hard form of alumina prepared by fusion in an electric furnace.

It is used as an abrasive and in laboratory apparatus that must withstand great heat.

basic aluminum carbonate
A complex mixture of aluminum hydroxide and aluminum carbonate.

The gel is used as an antacid and in a low phosphate diet to prevent the formation of phosphate urinary stones.