glyco-, glyc- +

(Greek: sweet, sugar)

A reference to a principle in the extracts of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland that antagonises the action of insulin and causes hyperglycemia/hyperglycaemia.
1. Antagonizing the action of insulin; especially, with regards to the production of hypoglycemia or an abnormally low level of glucose in the blood.
2. Acting upon or influenced by the concentration of sugar.
1. The normal increase in the glucose content of the urine which follows an ordinary carbohydrate meal.
2. The physiological excretion of large amounts of sugar in the urine following an excessive carbohydrate intake.
3. The excretion of normal amounts of sugar in urine.
hyperglycemia, hyperglycaemia
1. An abnormally high blood sugar level in the body which is usually associated with diabetes.
2. An elevated level specifically of the sugar glucose in the blood.

Hyperglycemia is often found in diabetes mellitus. It occurs when the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it has to turn glucose into energy.

1. A reference to an abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes.
2. Characterized by, or causing, hyperglycemia (excess of glucose in the blood).

Glucose is a monosaccharide (a simple sugar; a carbohydrate that cannot be broken down to simpler substances by hydrolysis) which is found in many foods; especially, fruit, and is the end product of carbohydrate digestion in the body.

Soon after digestion, other monosaccharides; such as, fructose and galactose get converted into glucose, so that it is the only monosaccharide present in significant amounts in body fluids.

The metabolism of glucose is the chief source of energy for the cells of the body, and the rate of such metabolism is controlled by insulin. In pharmaceutical preparations, glucose is called dextrose.

1. The presence of excessive amounts of sugar in the cerebrospinal fluid.
2. An excessive degree of sugar in the cerebrospinal fluid.
An abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood; usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet.

Hypoglycemia may be tolerated by normally healthy people for short periods of time, but if the blood sugar level remains very low for a long time, there are often effects on the brain, with development of mental confusion, hallucinations, convulsions, and eventually deep coma as the nervous system is deprived of the glucose needed for its normal metabolic activities.

Additional conditions can cause hypoglycemia; such as, overproduction of insulin by the pancreas, an overdose of therapeutic insulin, certain types of abdominal or pancreatic tumors, and the deficient production of adrenocortical hormones, especially the glucocorticoids (a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals which affects the functioning of the gonads and has an anti-inflammatory activity).

hypoglycemic agent
Any of various synthetic drugs which lower the blood glucose level and are used to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Such drugs may stimulate the synthesis of insulin by the pancreatic beta cells, inhibit glucose production, facilitate the transportation of glucose to muscle cells, and sometimes increase the number of receptor sites where insulin can be bound and can imitate the process of breaking down glucose.

hypoglycemic, hypoglycaemic
Referring to or resembling a condition of low blood glucose (sugar) level.
A reference to an abnormally low level of glucose (sugar) in the blood; usually, because glucose has been either removed at an excessive rate or secreted into the blood at a decreased rate.
An abnormally low concentration of glucose (sugar) in the cerebrospinal fluid which is a characteristic of bacterial, fungal, and tuberculous meningitis.
A decreased ingestion or consumption of sweets.
monoglyceride, monoglycerides
A compound consisting of one molecule of fatty acid esterified to glycerol when a chemical reaction in which two reactants (typically an alcohol and an acid) form an ester, an organic compound, as the reaction product.
normoglycemia, euglycemia (s) (noun); normoglycemias, euglycemias (pl)
The uniform concentration of sugar or glucose in the blood: Because of the history of diabetes in his family, Fred is frequently tested to see if he has normoglycemia.
normoglycemic, euglycemic (adjective); more normoglycemic, more euglycemic; most normoglycemic, most euglycemic
Referring to regular glucose (sugar) content of the blood: Because she exhibited early signs of a glucose imbalance, Francis was conscientious about what she ate because she wanted more normoglycemic levels of glucose in her blood.